McEwen v. Hurley
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the petition for writ of habeas corpus is DENIED, and this action is DISMISSED. An Order of Dismissal will be filed separately. Signed by Magistrate Judge David D. Noce on 2/22/2017. (CLO)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
LARRY A. MCEWEN,
No. 4:17-CV-487 DDN
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Larry McEwen's amended petition for writ of habeas
corpus. The petition is denied.
On November 7, 2008, a Jury in the Circuit Court of Washington County found
petitioner guilty of second degree assault, first degree assault, and two counts of armed criminal
action. Missouri v. McEwen, No. 04CR614501-0l (Washington County). On January 15, 2009,
the court sentenced him to an aggregate term of fifteen years' imprisonment.
conclusion of state postconviction relief proceedings, McEwen sought relief under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254 in this Court. McEwen v. Bowersox, No. 4:12-CV-2293 DDN. The Court denied the
petition on May 16, 2014. The Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit denied petitioner's
application for a certificate of appealability on December 3, 2014.
Petitioner now seeks a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. He maintains that
the Missouri Supreme Court recently denied his Rule 91 habeas petition without due process
because it did not require the state to answer it. The amended petition was filed in this action on
February 21, 2017.
Petitioner may not bring a second or successive habeas petition without first obtaining
leave from the Court of Appeals. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). It does not matter whether petitioner
labels his petition as coming under § 2241 rather than § 2254; it is the substance of the petition
that controls the Court's characterization of it. See Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 531
In this case, relief is only available under § 2254, and therefore, the petition is
Finally, petitioner has failed to demonstrate that jurists of reason would find it debatable
whether the petition is successive. Thus, the Court will not issue a certificate of appealability.
28 U.S.C. § 2253(c).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the petition for writ of habeas corpus is DENIED, and
this action is DISMISSED.
An Order ofDisJ, will be filed separately.
Dated this~d. day of February, 2017.
DAVID D. NOCE
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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