Lobonc-Billhartz v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER - IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiffs Motion to Remand (ECF No. 8 ) is DENIED. Signed by District Judge Jean C. Hamilton on 11/28/17. (KJS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOBILE
No. 4:17CV2522 JCH
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion to Remand, filed November 2,
2017. (ECF No. 8). In her motion, Plaintiff contends that Defendant’s Notice of Removal was
untimely, as it was filed more than one year after the commencement of this action in state court,
in violation of 28 U.S.C. § 1446(c), and Plaintiff did not act in bad faith to prevent removal.
Citing Brown v. Tokio Marine and Fire Ins. Co., Ltd., 284 F.3d 871 (8th Cir. 2002), Defendant
counters that the one-year time limitation is inapplicable to this case, as it applies only to cases
that were not removable to federal court when originally filed.
28 U.S.C. § 1446(b) provides in relevant part as follows:
(1) The notice of removal of a civil action or proceeding shall be filed within 30 days
after the receipt by the defendant, through service or otherwise, of a copy of the initial
pleading setting forth the claim for relief upon which such action or proceeding is
based, or within 30 days after the service of summons upon the defendant if such
initial pleading has then been filed in court and is not required to be served on the
defendant, whichever period is shorter….
(3) Except as provided in subsection (c), if the case stated by the initial pleading is not
removable, a notice of removal may be filed within 30 days after receipt by the
defendant, through service or otherwise, of a copy of an amended pleading, motion,
order or other paper from which it may first be ascertained that the case is one which
is or has become removable.
28 U.S.C. § 1446(c) further limits removal, by providing that “[a] case may not be removed under
subsection (b)(3) on the basis of jurisdiction conferred by section 1332 more than 1 year after
commencement of the action, unless the district court finds that the plaintiff has acted in bad faith
in order to prevent a defendant from removing the action.”
This case originally commenced in the Circuit Court for the City of St. Louis, Missouri,
on or about May 25, 2016, so more than one year passed between its commencement and
Defendant’s removal on October 4, 2017. In Brown, however, the Eighth Circuit held that the
“rules of usage and statutory construction lead inevitably to the conclusion that the one-year
limitation period….only applies to cases that were not removable to federal court when originally
filed.” Brown, 284 F.3d at 873. The parties here do not dispute that the case was removable
when it originally was filed in state court, and so Eighth Circuit precedent excludes this case from
the one-year limitation of §1446(c). See Williams v. Ford Motor Co., Case No. 1:12CV108
SNLJ, 2012 WL 5458919, at *1 (E.D. Mo. Nov. 8, 2012).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to Remand (ECF No. 8) is
Day of November, 2017.
\s\ Jean C. Hamilton
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?