Jordan v. 22nd Judicial Circuit Court of Missouri
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis ECF No. 2 is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall not issue process on plaintiffs complaint as it is legally frivolous and/or it fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). Signed by District Judge Rodney W. Sippel on 11/9/17. (ARL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
STEVEN A. JORDAN,
22nd JUDICIAL CIRCUIT COURT OF MO.,
No. 4:17-CV-2680 RWS
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this action brought pursuant to 42
U.S.C.§ 1983. After reviewing the financial information provided the Court will grant the
motion to proceed in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915. However, plaintiff’s complaint will be
dismissed for frivolousness and for failure to state a claim. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).
Standard of Review
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court is required to dismiss a complaint filed in forma
pauperis if it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
To state a claim for relief, a complaint must plead more than “legal conclusions” and
“[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action [that are] supported by mere
conclusory statements.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009).
A plaintiff must
demonstrate a plausible claim for relief, which is more than a “mere possibility of misconduct.”
Id. at 679. “A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows
the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct
alleged.” Id. at 678. Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief is a
context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and
common sense. Id. at 679.
When reviewing a complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court accepts the well-pled
facts as true. Furthermore, the Court liberally construes the allegations.
Plaintiff brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging violations of his civil
rights. The only defendant named in this action is the 22nd Judicial Circuit Court of Missouri.
Plaintiff asserts that on January 19, 2011, he was arrested and charged with murder in the
first degree and assault in the first degree, as well as two counts of armed criminal action in St.
Louis City. He asserts that he was subjected to malicious prosecution and false arrest because he
was released two years later on a nolle prosequi. Plaintiff claims that “a computer contained 64
voice recordings…of evidence of innocence to the St. Louis Courts on May 5, 2011…[h]owever,
no immediate process was initiated to restore life or liberty.” He asserts that while he was
incarcerated he suffered nerve damage to his right shoulder and hip.
Plaintiff seeks monetary damages and expungement of his record.
Plaintiff’s claims are barred by the five-year statute of limitations and are subject to
“Although the statute of limitations is an affirmative defense, a district court may
properly dismiss an in forma pauperis complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 when it is apparent the
statute of limitations has run.” Myers v. Vogal, 960 F.2d 750, 751 (8th Cir. 1992). Section 1983
claims are analogous to personal injury claims and are subject to Missouri=s five-year statute of
limitations. Sulik v. Taney County, Mo., 393 F.3d 765, 766-67 (8th Cir. 2005); Mo. Rev. Stat. §
Additionally, plaintiff’s complaint against the state criminal court, or against his criminal
court judge, is legally frivolous because judges are “entitled to absolute immunity for all judicial
actions that are not ‘taken in a complete absence of all jurisdiction.’” Penn v. United States, 335
F.3d 786, 789 (8th Cir. 2003) (quoting Mireles v. Waco, 502 U.S. 9, 11-12 (1991)).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis [ECF
No. 2] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall not issue process on plaintiff’s
complaint as it is legally frivolous and/or it fails to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).
Dated this 9th day of November, 2017.
RODNEY W. SIPPEL
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
In Wallace v. Kato, the United States Supreme Court held that the statute of limitations upon a
§ 1983 claim seeking damages for a false arrest/false imprisonment in violation of the Fourth
Amendment, where the arrest is followed by criminal proceedings, begins to run at the time the
claimant is detained pursuant to legal process. 549 U.S. 384, 397 (2007).
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