Jeep v. Government of the United States of America et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion for reconsideration of the dismissal of this action [Doc. # 7 ] is DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that an appeal of this dismissal would not be taken in good faith. Signed by District Judge Audrey G. Fleissig on 12/04/2017. (KCB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
DAVID GERARD JEEP,
GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED
STATES, et al.,
No. 4:17-CV-2690 AGF
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Before the Court is plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration of the dismissal of this matter.
After reviewing plaintiff’s motion in its entirety, the Court finds no grounds for reconsidering its
dismissal of this action. Therefore, plaintiff’s motion will be denied.
Plaintiff filed the instant action on November 6, 2017, alleging that his rights were
violated by a state family court judge in 2003, when the judge issued an order of protection
barring him from contact with his ex-wife and granting his ex-wife custody of their child. In his
request for relief, plaintiff sought to void the order of protection and family court orders.
In his complaint, plaintiff also remonstrated that he was unjustly given a DWI without
proper due process in September of 2003 in Camden County, Missouri. He petitioned this Court
to have his state criminal conviction overturned.
In its Memorandum and Order accompanying the November 9, 2017, Order of Dismissal,
the Court noted that plaintiff’s complaint was substantially similar to several previous cases
plaintiff had brought before the Court, all of which were dismissed pre-service. 1 E.g., Jeep v.
Government of the United States, 4:13-CV-2490 RWS (E.D. Mo.) (listing previous cases), in
addition to, Jeep v. Government of the United States, No. 4:14-CV-2009 DDN (E.D. Mo); Jeep
v. Government of the United States, No. 4:15-CV-1533 HEA (E.D. Mo); Jeep v. Government of
the United States, No. 4:16-V-0810 CDP (E.D. Mo).
The Court found that it lacked jurisdiction over family court matters. See Kahn v. Kahn,
21 F.3d 859, 861 (8th Cir. 1994) (“The domestic relations exception . . . divests the federal
courts of jurisdiction over any action for which the subject is a divorce, allowance of alimony, or
child custody.”). Additionally, the Court concluded that it did not have jurisdiction to overturn
plaintiff’s state court conviction for DWI. As a result, plaintiff’s claims relating to these issues
were subject to dismissal under Rule 12(h)(3) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
The remainder of plaintiff’s claims were dismissed as frivolous and malicious, as it was
clear from the nature of plaintiff’s allegations and the list of plaintiff’s defendants that his
purpose was to harass the named judicial and governmental defendants rather than vindicate a
cognizable legal right.
In his motion for reconsideration, plaintiff asserts that this Court has the ability, pursuant
to a writ of error coram nobis and the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution, to remand his
family law claims to state court for “resettlement” and to “expunge” his DWI conviction from
his record. Plaintiff is incorrect.
Federal Courts have authority to issue a writ of error coram nobis under the All Writs
Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1651(a). “[T]he All Writs Act is a residual source of authority to issue writs
Plaintiff was proceeding as a pauper before the Court, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, and
therefore his complaint was subject to review for frivolousness, maliciousness and for failure to
state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
that are not otherwise covered by statute. Where a statute specifically addresses the particular
issue at hand, it is that authority, and not the All Writs Act, that is controlling.” Carlisle v. U.S.,
517 U.S. 416, 429 (1996). Coram nobis is an “extraordinary remedy,” and should only be used
in extraordinary circumstances.” Kerr v. U.S. Dist. Court for the Northern Dist. of California,
426 U.S. 394, 403 (1976).
Coram nobis is not intended to be a substitute for proceedings brought pursuant to habeas
corpus. See U.S. v. Noske, 235 F.3d 405, 406 (8th Cir. 2000); United States v. Morgan, 346 U.S.
502, 511 (1954). In fact, a writ of error coram nobis is available only when the applicant is not
in custody. U.S. v. Esogbue, 357 F.3d 532, 534 (5th Cir. 2004); U.S. v. Torres, 282 F.3d 1241,
1245 (10th Cir. 2002). Moreover, if the movant could have brought his claims in habeas corpus
in a prior proceeding, the writ of error coram nobis is unavailable to him. Noske, 235 F.3d at 406;
Morgan 346 U.S. at 511.
There is no doubt plaintiff could have filed a direct appeal and state post-conviction
proceedings, as well as a federal habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, seeking to overturn
his 2003 DWI conviction and sentence. Thus, coram nobis is not an appropriate remedy for
plaintiff in relation to his DWI conviction.
Additionally, as was explained to plaintiff in the Court’s prior Memorandum and Order,
state family courts have jurisdiction over child custody and divorce proceedings. As plaintiff’s
child custody proceedings cannot be heard in this Court, his claims relating to his proceedings
cannot be “remanded” to state Court.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion for reconsideration of the dismissal
of this action [Doc. #7] is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that an appeal of this dismissal would not be taken in
Dated this 4th day of December, 2017.
AUDREY G. FLEISSIG
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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