Vaughn et al v. United States of America et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiffs' Motion to Exclude theOpinions of Dr. Daniel Emmert 146 is DENIED. Signed by District Judge Catherine D. Perry on 4/28/2021. (KEK)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
DEMETRIA VAUGHN, et al.,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
d/b/a Department of Health and Human )
Services, d/b/a Betty Jean Kerr People’s )
Health Centers, et al.,
Case No. 4:19 CV 1201 CDP
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiffs move to exclude the opinions of Dr. Daniel Emmert, defendants
Dr. Stefan Eichhorn and Anesthesia Partners Ltd.’s expert witness, arguing that
defense counsel actually authored the expert report and not Dr. Emmert. Because
the evidence submitted on plaintiffs’ motion shows the opinions in the written
report to be Dr. Emmert’s own and that counsel’s assistance in preparing the report
was as scrivener only, I will deny the motion.
Rule 26(a)(2)(B), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, requires that a witness
retained by a party to provide expert testimony must provide a written report
“prepared and signed by the witness.” “[T]he report, which is intended to set forth
the substance of the direct examination, should be written in a manner that reflects
the testimony to be given by the witness and [ ] must be signed by the witness.”
Id., 1993 advisory committee’s note. Counsel may provide assistance in preparing
the report. Id. Such assistance may include “reduc[ing] an expert’s oral opinion to
writing so long as the report reflects the actual views of the expert.” United States
v. Kalymon, 541 F.3d 624, 638 (6th Cir. 2008).
Dr. Emmert testified at his deposition that the written expert report
accurately represents his opinions in the case, which he formed after spending
several hours reviewing medical records, depositions, and medical literature.
Plaintiffs’ counsel deposed Dr. Emmert at length about the substance of his
opinions and the materials upon which they were based. Dr. Emmert also testified,
and plaintiffs’ counsel acknowledged, that he took notes on the materials he
reviewed; and, further, that the factual information underlying his opinions was
drawn from his personal review of the materials provided to him.
As to the memorialization of his opinions, Dr. Emmert testified that he
conversed with defense counsel about his opinions and the bases therefor and that
counsel typed up the report after these conversations. He reviewed and edited the
report for clarification and accuracy before signing it. Nothing before the Court
shows that defense counsel “authored” Dr. Emmert’s report as
plaintiffs allege. Instead, they acted as scriveners in reducing Dr. Emmert’s own
oral opinions to writing, which Dr. Emmert then reviewed for accuracy, edited, and
signed. This assistance by counsel in preparing the report is permitted under Rule
26(a)(2)(B). See Kalymon, 541 F.3d at 637-38; Coates v. Powell, No. 2:08-CV04158-NKL, 2009 WL 1310302, at *3 (W.D. Mo. May 11, 2009) (editing and
drafting by attorney of information provided by expert does not equate to attorney
authoring the report).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiffs’ Motion to Exclude the
Opinions of Dr. Daniel Emmert  is DENIED.
CATHERINE D. PERRY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 28th day of April, 2021.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?