Engel v. Equifax
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER..IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff may not proceed in forma pauperis in this action. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice to the filing of a fully-paid complaint. A separate order of dismissal wil l be entered herewith. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall request that the agency having custody of plaintiff begin making payments in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2) until the full $402 civil filing fees are paid in full.. Signed by District Judge Stephen N. Limbaugh, Jr on 7/19/21. (order forwarded to Financial Unit)(MRS)
Case: 4:21-cv-00862-ACL Doc. #: 3 Filed: 07/19/21 Page: 1 of 6 PageID #: 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
JOSEPH MICHAEL DEVON ENGEL,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court upon review of a civil complaint and request for leave to
proceed in forma pauperis, filed by Joseph Michael Devon Engel, prison registration number
1069055. 1 Plaintiffs request will be denied, and this case will be dismissed without prejudice to
the filing of a fully-paid complaint.
On September 3, 2020, plaintiff began filing civil actions pro se in this Court, each time
seeking leave to proceed in forma pauper is. · His first case, a petition for habeas corpus relief
under 28 U.S.C. § 2254, was dismissed on December 14, 2020 due to his failure to exhaust
available state remedies. Engel v. Payne, No. 4:20-cv-1211-DDN, ECF No. 8 (E.D. Mo. Sept. 3,
2020). Subsequently, he began filing prisoner civil rights complaints pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
1983. For the most part, he submitted his pleadings in bulk, and stated he intended each set of
pleadings to be docketed as an individual civil action.
In many of his complaints, plaintiff listed numerous entities and officials identified only
by generic job titles, and sought trillions of dollars in damages against them based upon wholly
Plaintiff has not filed a separate Application to Proceed in District Court Without Prepaying Fees or
Costs. Instead, he included such request in the body of the complaint.
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conclusory and nonsensical allegations. See, e.g., Engel v. Corizon, No. 4:20-cv-1695-NAB
(E.D. Mo. Nov. 30, 2020) (listing 45 defendants on handwritten notes included with complaint);
Engel v. COJ, No. 4:20-cv-1923-HEA (E.D. Mo. Dec. 20, 2020) (naming 49 defendants but
none by a first and last name). Plaintiff often sought forms of relief that were unrelated to his
claims (such as stocks, properties, outfitted luxury vehicles, and college scholarships) from
multiple defendants and non-parties, and he sought relief on behalf of individuals other than
himself. See e.g., Engel v. COJ, et al., No. 4:20-cv-1620-NCC (E.D. Mo. Nov. 9, 2020) (seeking
scholarships for family members, Missouri farmland for marijuana cultivation, and Mercedes
SUVs that are "bulletproof' and "bombproof'); Engel v. USA, No. 4:20-cv-1742-MTS (E.D. Mo.
Dec. 1, 2020) (seeking 250 trillion dollars and 2 million in stocks of twenty-three listed
countries); and Engel v. Mercy Hospital Festus, No. 4:20-cv-1911-AGF (E.D. Mo. Dec. 11,
2020) (seeking 8900 trillion dollars plus 10 million stocks in various metals, gems, food
products, and U.S. and foreign currencies). Plaintiff referenced, and appeared to at least partially
base his entitlement to relief upon, his alleged status as a "sovereign citizen." See e.g., Engel v.
Governor ofMissouri, No. 1:20-CV-217-HEA (E.D. Mo. Oct. 7, 2020).
The cases that were reviewed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) were dismissed, either
for one of the reasons articulated therein2 or because plaintiff failed to comply with Court orders.
In Engel v. Missouri Courts, No. 4:20-cv-1258-SPM (E.D. Mo. Sept. 15, 2020), the Honorable
Henry Edward Autrey cautioned plaintiff to avoid the practice of repeatedly filing frivolous and
For example, in many of plaintiffs actions, the Court determined his allegations were "clearly baseless"
and therefore factually frivolous under the standard articulated in Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 31
(1992), and also determined many complaints were subject to dismissal as malicious based upon the
nature of his pleadings and his abusive litigation practices. See e.g., Engel v. Prob. & Parole of Mo., No.
4:20-cv-1740-DDN, ECF No. 5 at 6 (E.D. Mo. dismissed Dec. 22, 2020) (listing twenty-nine of Mr.
Engel's cases naming Missouri Department of Corrections as a defendant); Engel v. Corizon, No. 4:20cv-1812-NAB, ECF No. 4 at 8-9 (E.D. Mo. dismissed Jan. 6, 2021) (discussing Mr. Engel's litigation
practices as part of an attempt to harass named defendants and not a legitimate attempt to vindicate a
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malicious complaints. Judge Autrey explained that doing so amounted to abusive litigation
practices, and could affect plaintiffs future eligibility to proceed in forma pauperis as well as
potentially subject him to sanctions. Nevertheless, plaintiff continued the practice. As of
December 21, 2020, he was subject to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). To date, in the cases he has filed
since that time, he has been denied leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
1915(g) and his cases have been dismissed without prejudice to the filing of a fully-paid
As of December 31, 2020, plaintiff filed more than 130 civil actions. Additionally, the
Court has received civil rights complaints that were filed by prisoners other than plaintiff, but
were in plaintiffs handwriting and contained allegations and prayers for relief similar to those
plaintiff asserted in actions he filed on his own behalf. See e.g., Herron v. ERDCC et al., No
4:21-cv-527-NAB (E.D. Mo. May 3, 2021). On June 9, 2021, plaintiff began filing new civil
complaints pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on his own behalf, including the one at bar. These new
complaints mirror the ones described above. In sum, plaintiff has flagrantly disregarded this
Court's prior caution to avoid engaging in abusive litigation practices.
Plaintiff filed the instant complaint on or about July 14, 2021 pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
1983 against Equifax. He identifies himself by name and as a "sovereign citizen" of the State of
Alaska. In setting forth his statement of claim, he avers that identity theft was allowed "to go on
in [his] name," and that credit card companies, banks, telephone companies, and ambulance
districts were involved. He identifies his injuries as "PTSD, Mind Raping, Physical Health, Civil
Rights, Civil Liberty Rights, Civil Rights." As relief, he seeks "650 Trillion dollars 1,000,000
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As discussed above, plaintiff is a prisoner who, while incarcerated, has filed at least three
civil actions that were dismissed on the grounds that they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to
state a claim upon which relief may be granted. 3 The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996
provides, in relevant part:
In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action ... under this section if the prisoner
has, on three or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any
facility, brought an action ... in a court of the United States that was dismissed on
the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which
relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). "A prior dismissal on a statutorily enumerated ground counts as a strike
even if the dismissal is the subject of an appeal." Coleman v. Tollefson, 575 U.S. 532, 135 S. Ct.
1759, 1763 (2015). Therefore, plaintiff may proceed informapauperis in this action only ifhe
"is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The instant
complaint contains no allegations establishing that plaintiff is under imminent danger of serious
physical injury. Therefore, he may not proceed informa pauperis in this action. See 28 U.S.C. §
Even if plaintiff were allowed to proceed in forma pauperis in this matter, the complaint
would be dismissed because the complaint is frivolous and fails to state a claim upon which
relief may be granted. It is also malicious. As explained above, plaintiff has repeatedly and
knowingly engaged in litigation practices that amount to abuse of the judicial process. It is
apparent he filed the instant complaint as part of his general campaign of harassment, not in a
legitimate attempt to vindicate a cognizable right. See In re Tyler, 839 F.2d 1290, 1293 (8th Cir.
See Engel v. Governor of Missouri, et al., No. I :20-cv-217 HEA (E.D. Mo. Dec. 15, 2020); Engel v.
United States of America, et al., No. 4:20-cv-1742 MTS (E.D. Mo. Dec. 18, 2020); Engel v. Missouri
Courts, eta!., No. 4:20-cv-1258 SPM (E.D. Mo. Dec. 21, 2020).
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1988) (per curiam) (noting that an action is malicious when it is a part of a longstanding pattern
of abusive and repetitious lawsuits); Spencer v. Rhodes, 656 F. Supp. 458, 461-63 (E.D.N.C.
1987), aff'd 826 F.2d 1061 (4th Cir. 1987) (an action is malicious when it is undertaken for the
purpose of harassing the defendants rather than vindicating a cognizable right); Cochran v.
Morris, 73 F.3d 1310, 1316 (4th Cir. 1996) (when determining whether an action is malicious,
the Court need not consider only the complaint before it, but may consider the plaintiffs other
Plaintiffs request for leave to proceed in forma pauperis will be denied, and this case
will be dismissed. The Court will instruct the Clerk of Court to request that the agency having
custody of plaintiff begin making payments in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2) until the
$402 civil filing fees are paid in full.
Plaintiff is once again advised that· his litigation practices are abusive, and he is
cautioned to avoid such practices in the future. For each such complaint plaintiff files, the
Court will instruct the Clerk of Court to begin debiting his prison account to pay the civil
filing fees. Plaintiff is further cautioned that the Court may impose monetary sanctions
upon him if he continues his abusive litigation practices in the future.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff may not proceed in forma pauperis in this
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice to the
filing of a fully-paid complaint. A separate order of dismissal will be entered herewith.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall request that the agency
having custody of plaintiff begin making payments in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2)
until the full $402 civil filing fees are paid in full.
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Dated this / c:t f4. day of July, 2021.
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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