Adelsberger v. OPCO Festus, MO, LLC et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the parties shall be prepared to discuss the Court's subject-matter jurisdiction in this case, in accordance with this Memorandum and Order, at the Rule 16 Conference set for May 10, 2022. Signed by District Judge Matthew T. Schelp on 05/06/2022. (KCD)
Case: 4:22-cv-00187-MTS Doc. #: 30 Filed: 05/06/22 Page: 1 of 2 PageID #: 162
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
KELLY ADELSBERGER, as the surviving
daughter of decedent, Joanna Adelsberger,
OPCO FESTUS, MO, LLC, et al.,
Case No. 4:22-cv-00187-MTS
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on review of the file. The Court notes that all three
Defendants in this case are limited liability companies. See Doc.  at 1, 18. The citizenship
of these LLC Defendants is determined by the citizenship of their members. See GMAC Com.
Credit LLC v. Dillard Dep’t Stores, Inc., 357 F.3d 827, 829 (8th Cir. 2004). Multiple allegations
in Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint regarding the LLC Defendants’ members do not match the
members the LLC Defendants listed on their Amended Disclosures of Organizational Interests.
Compare, e.g., Doc.  ¶ 28, with Doc. . Given this disconnect, the parties are instructed to
be prepared to discuss Defendants’ members and their citizenship at the Rule 16 Conference
scheduled for this case on May 10, 2022. 1 See Hertz Corp. v. Friend, 559 U.S. 77, 94 (2010)
(“Courts have an independent obligation to determine whether subject-matter jurisdiction exists,
even when no party challenges it.”); see also 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1).
Given that Defendants note that some of their members are themselves LLCs, it will be necessary to know the
citizenship of those sub-members as well. See Delay v. Rosenthal Collins Grp., LLC, 585 F.3d 1003, 1005 (6th Cir.
2009) (explaining that “because a member of a limited liability company may itself have multiple members—and
thus may itself have multiple citizenships—the federal court needs to know the citizenship of each ‘sub-member’ as
well”); Clark v. SL W. Lounge, LLC, 4:18-cv-01223-JCH, 2018 WL 6246885, at *2 (E.D. Mo. Nov. 29, 2018)
(concluding that “the citizenship of [an] LLC is that of each of its members and sub-members”); Hill v. Lowe’s
Home Centers, LLC, 1:21-cv-00185-SRC, 2022 WL 1202363, at *3 (E.D. Mo. Apr. 22, 2022) (explaining “‘submembers’ includes the members of members (i.e., first-tier sub-members), and the members of first-tier submembers (i.e., second-tier sub-members), the members of second-tier sub-members (i.e., third-tier sub-members),
and so on, until the Court knows the citizenship of all persons and entities within the ownership structure”).
Case: 4:22-cv-00187-MTS Doc. #: 30 Filed: 05/06/22 Page: 2 of 2 PageID #: 163
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the parties shall be prepared to discuss the Court’s
subject-matter jurisdiction in this case, in accordance with this Memorandum and Order, at the
Rule 16 Conference set for May 10, 2022.
Dated this 6th day of May, 2022.
MATTHEW T. SCHELP
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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