James v. Astrue
ORDER, re 1 SOCIAL SECURITY COMPLAINT filed by Janet R. James, reversing decision and remanding case to Commissioner with directions to compute and award benefits. Signed on 11/15/2012 by Magistrate Judge Matt J. Whitworth. (Bode, Kay)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
JANET R. JAMES,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner,
Social Security Administration,
Plaintiff Janet R. James seeks judicial review,1 of a final administrative decision denying
her disability benefits under Title II of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 401 et seq., and
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits under Title XVI of the Social Security Act, 42
U.S.C. §§ 1381 et seq. Section 205(g) of the Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), provides for judicial
review of a final decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration under Title
II. Section 1631(c)(3) of the Act and 42 U.S.C. § 1383(c)(3) provide for judicial review to the
same extent as the Commissioner’s final determination under section 205.
The parties’ briefs are fully submitted, and an oral argument was held on October 4,
2012. The complete facts and arguments are presented in the parties’ briefs and will not be
Standard of Review
The Eighth Circuit has set forth the standard for the federal courts’ judicial review of
denial of benefits, as follows:
Our role on review is to determine whether the Commissioner’s findings are supported by
substantial evidence on the record as a whole. Substantial evidence is less than a
preponderance, but is enough that a reasonable mind would find it adequate to support
the Commissioner’s conclusion. In determining whether existing evidence is substantial,
we consider evidence that detracts from the Commissioner’s decision as well as evidence
With the consent of the parties, this case was assigned to the United States Magistrate
Judge, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(c).
that supports it. As long as substantial evidence in the record supports the
Commissioner’s decision, we may not reverse it because substantial evidence exists in
the record that would have supported a contrary outcome or because we would have
decided the case differently.
Baker v. Barnhart, 457 F.3d 882, 892 (8th Cir. 2006).
The claimant has the initial burden of establishing the existence of a disability as defined
by 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1). See Roth v. Shalala, 45 F.3d 279, 282 (8th Cir. 1995). To meet the
statutory definition, "the claimant must show (1) that he has a medically determinable physical or
mental impairment which will either last for at least twelve months or result in death, (2) that he
is unable to engage in any substantial gainful activity, and (3) that this inability is the result of
his impairment." McMillian v. Schweiker, 697 F.2d 215, 220 (8th Cir. 1983).
When reviewing the record to determine if there is substantial evidence to support the
administrative decision, the court considers the educational background, work history and
present age of the claimant; subjective complaints of pain or other impairments; claimant’s
description of physical activities and capabilities; the medical opinions given by treating and
examining physicians; the corroboration by third parties of claimant’s impairments; and the
testimony of vocational experts when based upon proper hypothetical questions that fairly set
forth the claimant’s impairments. McMillian, 697 F.2d at 221.
Plaintiff appeals the decision of the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) which determined
that she was not disabled, as defined by the Social Security Act, prior to July 12, 2010, the date
plaintiff turned 50 years of age. There is no appeal of the ALJ’s decision that beginning on July
12, 2010, plaintiff became disabled, pursuant to the Medical-Vocational Guidelines (Grids). 20
C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 2.
Plaintiff’s appeal alleges that since September 1, 2004, she has been disabled by an
uncontrolled seizure disorder, headaches and depression. In support of her claim of disability,
plaintiff cites to her medical treatment by neurologist Robert Burger, M.D., who began treating
plaintiff in July 2003.
The Commissioner argues that plaintiff’s alleged severity and frequency of symptoms do
not match with the limited medical treatment she has received over the years. The
Commissioner argues that the neurologist’s medical source reports (MSR’s) are inconsistent with
his treatment records and the limitations opined are not supported by objective medical evidence.
Upon review, this Court finds the ALJ’s decision is not supported by substantial evidence
on the record as a whole. In 2000, plaintiff had a brain aneurysm. Following surgery to repair
the aneurysm, plaintiff began suffering seizures. The seizure disorder has been confirmed by
brain EEG’s. The neurologist who has been treating plaintiff for eleven years submitted several
MSR’s on behalf of plaintiff which state significant limitations for plaintiff. The medical records
support that plaintiff has a seizure disorder resulting in disabling limitations in function.
A treating physician's opinion regarding an applicant's impairment will be granted
substantial/great weight unless it is unsupported by medically acceptable clinical or diagnostic
data. Perks v. Astrue, 687 F.3d 1086, 1093-94 (8th Cir. 2012). Here, the opinion of plaintiff’s
long-time treating neurologist is not inconsistent with the EEG tests and other objective medical
evidence in the record, and should have been given substantial weight.
The ALJ’s discrediting plaintiff’s credibility as to the disabling effects of her seizures
was error. There is substantial evidence in the record in the form of objective medical evidence
and the MSR’s of plaintiff’s neurologist which support the severity of the limitations plaintiff
This Court finds that the ALJ’s determination that the record as a whole did not support
plaintiff’s limitations is not supported by substantial evidence. Rather, there is substantial
evidence, which includes the MSR’s of plaintiff’s neurologist and other objective medical
evidence to support plaintiff’s claim of disability beginning on September 1, 2004.
Based on the foregoing, it is,
ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner is reversed and this case is remanded
to the Commissioner with directions to compute and award benefits to plaintiff.
Dated this 15th day of November, 2012, at Jefferson City, Missouri.
Matt J. Whitworth
MATT J. WHITWORTH
United States Magistrate Judge
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