Warren v. Berryhill
ORDER affirming in part and reversing in part decision of Commissioner re 1 SOCIAL SECURITY COMPLAINT. Signed on 10/26/2017 by District Judge Roseann Ketchmark. (Stout, Courtney)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
NANCY BERRYHILL, ACTING
COMMISSIONER OF SSA;
Before the Court is Plaintiff’s appeal seeking judicial review of a final decision of the
Defendant Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”) denying disability benefits. The
decision of the Commissioner is affirmed in part and reversed in part.
Standard of Review
The Court’s review of the Commissioner’s decision to deny disability benefits is limited
to determining if the decision “complies with the relevant legal requirements and is supported by
substantial evidence in the record as a whole.”
Halverson v. Astrue, 600 F.3d 922, 929
(8th Cir. 2010) (quoting Ford v. Astrue, 518 F.3d 979, 981 (8th Cir. 2008)); see also
42 U.S.C. § 405(g). “Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance of the evidence, but is
‘such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind would find adequate to support the
Grable v. Colvin, 770 F.3d 1196, 1201 (8th Cir. 2014)
(quoting Davis v. Apfel, 239 F.3d 962, 966 (8th Cir. 2001)). In determining whether existing
evidence is substantial, the Court takes into account evidence that both supports and detracts
from the Administrative Law Judge’s (“ALJ”) findings. Cline v. Colvin, 771 F.3d 1098, 1102
(8th Cir. 2014) (quotation marks omitted). “If the ALJ’s decision is supported by substantial
evidence, [the Court] may not reverse even if substantial evidence would support the opposite
outcome or [the Court] would have decided differently.” Smith v. Colvin, 756 F.3d 621, 625
(8th Cir. 2014) (quoting Davis, 239 F.3d at 966). The Court does not re-weigh the evidence
presented to the ALJ.
Guilliams v. Barnhart, 393 F.3d 798, 801 (8th Cir. 2005)
(citing Baldwin v. Barnhart, 349 F.3d 549, 555 (8th Cir. 2003)).
The Court should “defer
heavily to the findings and conclusions of the [Commissioner].” Hurd v. Astrue, 621 F.3d 734,
738 (8th Cir. 2010) (citation omitted).
By way of overview, Plaintiff has the following severe impairments: rheumatoid arthritis,
left biceps tendonitis, emphysema, migraine-type headaches, hypertension, and nicotine abuse.
The ALJ also determined that Plaintiff has the following non-severe impairments: hepatitis C,
major depressive disorder, and anxiety. However, the ALJ found that none of the Plaintiff’s
impairments, whether considered alone or in combination, meet or medically equal the criteria of
one of the listed impairments in 20 CFR Pt. 404. Subpt. P, App. 1 (“Listing”). Additionally, the
ALJ found that despite his limitations, Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (“RFC”)
to perform a full range of sedentary work with limitations. The ALJ found the Plaintiff is able to
perform past relevant work as an account executive.
On appeal, the issues raised by Plaintiff in support of reversing the ALJ’s decision are:
(1) whether the ALJ correctly determined Plaintiff’s depression and anxiety were not severe
impairments, (2) whether the ALJ’s credibility analysis was proper, and (3) whether the ALJ
properly found that Plaintiff is able to perform past relevant work as an account executive.
Upon review of the parties’ briefs and the record, the Court finds that the ALJ properly
found Plaintiff’s depression and anxiety were not severe impairments1 and the ALJ’s credibility
analysis was proper.2 However, the Court finds the ALJ erred by failing to address the conflict
between the vocational expert’s testimony and the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (“DOT”).
The ALJ’s RFC determination limited Plaintiff to no reaching overhead with the left
upper arm. The ALJ relayed these limitations to the vocational expert (VE), and the vocational
expert indicated that a person with these limitations could perform Plaintiff’s past relevant work
See Cypress v. Colvin, 807 F.3d 948, 951 (8th Cir. 2015) (if a claimant’s pain is controlled by
medication or treatment, it is not considered a disabling impairment); Goff v. Barnhart, 421 F.3d 785, 792
(8th Cir. 2005) (where a plaintiff has maintained employment despite a condition, the condition is not
considered a disability absent evidence of a significant deterioration).
See Perkins v. Astrue, 648 F.3d 892, 899-900 (8th Cir. 2011) (a history of limited and
conservative treatment undermines allegations of disabling symptoms); McDade v. Astrue, 720 F.3d 994,
998 (8th Cir. 2013) (substantial evidence supports the ALJ in finding the claimant was not disabled where
claimant was not restricted in daily activities); Vance v. Berryhill, 860 F.3d 1114, 1120 (8th Cir. 2007)
(an ALJ may discredit a claimant’s subjective complaints based on inconsistencies in the evidence as a
whole); Lawson v. Colvin, 807 F.3d 962, 966 (8th Cir. 2015) (an ALJ may draw conclusions about a
plaintiff’s credibility based on evidence suggesting the plaintiff over exaggerated symptoms).
as an account executive (DOT 164.167-010). The job of account executive requires occasional
reaching. DOT 164.167-010 (G.P.O).
Therefore, a conflict appears to exist between the ALJ’s RFC determination and the jobs
the vocational expert opined Plaintiff could perform. See Moore v. Colvin, 769 F.3d 987, 989990 (8th Cir. 2014) (when there is an “apparent unresolved conflict” between the vocational
expert and the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, the ALJ must “elicit a reasonable explanation
for the conflict” and “resolve the conflict by determining if the explanation given [by the expert]
provides a basis for relying on the [VE] testimony rather than on the DOT information”), (an
ALJ is “not absolved of this duty merely because the VE responds ‘yes’ when asked if her
testimony is consistent with the DOT”). The Court notes that, based on the job description of an
account executive in the DOT, it is reasonable to consider that someone who cannot reach above
the shoulder with the upper left extremity is capable of maintaining employment as an account
executive; however, this should be clarified in the record on remand by the vocational expert.
Accordingly, this matter is remanded for the ALJ to address and resolve this conflict.
Having carefully reviewed the record before the Court and the parties’ submissions on
appeal, the Court AFFIRMS in part and REVERSES in part the Commissioner’s decision.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ Roseann A. Ketchmark
ROSEANN A. KETCHMARK, JUDGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DATED: October 26, 2017
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