Spence v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.
ORDER granting Def's Motion to Dismiss, finding as moot all pending motions, all claims dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. (Schroeppel, Kerry)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,
as successor by merger to Chase Home
Case No. 11-3185-CV-S-RED
Pending before the Court is Defendant's Motion to Strike Paragraph 11 of First Amended
Complaint and for Dismissal of Remaining Allegations in Accordance with Court's Order
Dismissing them as Pled in the Original Complaint (Doc. 16). After careful consideration, this
Court GRANTS Defendant's Motion to Dismiss; DENIES Defendant's Motion to Strike
Paragraph 11 of First Amended Complaint as MOOT; and DISMISSES all claims in Plaintiff's
Amended Complaint as Plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
Plaintiff's original complaint sought monetary damages for Defendant's alleged wrongful
foreclosure on her property. Missouri law requires a party "seeking damages in a wrongful
foreclosure action [to] plead and prove that when the foreclosure proceeding was begun, there was
no default on its part that would give rise to a right to foreclose." Fields v. Millsap and Singer, P.C.,
295 S.W.3d 567, 571 (Mo. Ct. App. 2009) (internal quotations and citation omitted). Accordingly,
the Court dismissed Plaintiff's original complaint for failure to state a claim in its July 29, 2011
Order (Doc. 12) as Plaintiff failed to allege that there was no default on Plaintiff's part when the
foreclosure proceeding began.
On August 5, 2011, the Plaintiff amended her complaint. Other than Plaintiff's addition of
Paragraph 11, Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint for Wrongful Disclosure ("Amended Complaint")
(Doc. 13) is identical to its original complaint. Paragraph 11 reads as follows:
That since the Defendant was not the holder of the original promissory note,
it did not have the right to foreclose against the Properties.
A party "seeking damages in a wrongful foreclosure action must plead and prove that when
the foreclosure proceeding was begun, there was no default on its part that would give rise to a right
to foreclose." Fields, 295 S.W.3d at 571. Here, Plaintiff's sole claim is for wrongful foreclosure and
Plaintiff only seeks monetary damages. Therefore, under Fields, she must plead and prove that
when the foreclosure proceeding began, the note was not in default.
Plaintiff argues that Paragraph 11 states a claim as
a 'holder' or the party entitled to enforce a note must have actual possession of the
original note to enforce same. If the Defendant did not possess the original note . .
. it is not entitled to enforce the same. If Defendant is not entitled to enforce the
original note . . . it can not declare it to be in default." (Plaintiff's Suggestions in
Opposition to Defendant's Motion to Strike Paragraph 11 and for Dismissal of
Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint - Doc. 19).
Defendant, on the other hand, argues that Plaintiff's Amended Complaint should be dismissed as
Plaintiff does not contest the existence of default.
Under Missouri law, "there can be no tort cause of action for wrongful foreclosure when
there is a right to foreclose." Id. "If the right to foreclose existed, no tort cause of action for
wrongful foreclosure can be maintained." Id. Therefore, a plaintiff "seeking damages in a wrongful
foreclosure action must plead and prove that when the foreclosure proceeding was begun, there was
no default on its part that would give rise to a right to foreclose." Id.; See also Ice v. IB Prop.
Holdings, LLC, 2010 WL 1936175 (W.D.Mo. 2010) (granting Defendant's Motion for Summary
Judgment as the evidence established that Plaintiff was in default at the time of the foreclosure sale).
Plaintiff's complaint does not address the state of her loan at the time of foreclosure.
Plaintiff, instead, argues that Defendant is not entitled to enforce the note as Defendant is not the
holder of hte original promissory note. This "'show me the note theory' has been uniformly rejected
by courts around the country." Hobson v. Wells Fargo Home Mortgage, 2011 WL 3704815 at *2
(E.D. Mo. Aug. 24, 2011)(dismissing Plaintiff's wrongful foreclosure claim for failure to state a
claim as "Plaintiffs [did] not present a cognizable theory upon which the Court can issue an order
denying Wells Fargo's right to foreclose" when Plaintiffs relied on the "show me the note theory").
Accordingly, Plaintiff does not present a plausible theory upon which the Court can grant
Plaintiff relief on her wrongful foreclosure claim and her case is DISMISSED for failure to state
a claim upon which relief can be granted.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
October 4, 2011
/s/ Richard E. Dorr
RICHARD E. DORR, JUDGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?