Blair v. Bowersox et al
ORDER denying 98 Motion to Vacate Plaintiff's In Forma Pauperis Status. Signed on 5/26/2017 by District Judge Roseann Ketchmark. (DO)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
DIAMOND D. BLAIR,
ROGER TERRY, et al.,
Case No. 15-03532-CV-S-RK
Before the Court is Defendants’ Motion to Vacate Plaintiff’s In Forma Pauperis Status.
(Doc. 98.) Defendants move the Court to apply the “three strike” rule of the Prison Litigation
Reform Act (“PLRA”) by vacating Plaintiff’s in forma pauperis status and staying this
proceeding until Plaintiff pays the filing fee and court costs in full. Upon review, the motion will
In his Second Amended Complaint (doc. 87), Plaintiff, a prisoner at the Jefferson City
Correctional Center in Jefferson City, Missouri, has sued nine Missouri Department of
Corrections employees for civil rights violations under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
previously granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). (Doc.
5.) However, the Court “may review and rescind in forma pauperis status at any time for any
reason.” Local Rule 83.7(f). The three strikes provision of the PLRA provides that:
In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil
action or proceeding [in forma pauperis] if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior
occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or
appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is
frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted,
unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
Defendants argue that Plaintiff’s in forma pauperis status should be revoked because he
has brought three previous cases while incarcerated that were dismissed either as frivolous or for
failing to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. The third case cited by Defendants,
Blair v. United States of America, case no. 4:14-cv-00167-DW, was a motion under 28 U.S.C. §
2255 to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence brought before this Court. Thus, the Court must
determine whether a dismissal of a section 2255 habeas motion counts as a strike under section
Although the Eight Circuit Court of Appeals has not addressed this specific issue, other
circuits to consider the issue have reached the same conclusion, holding that dismissals of habeas
petitions filed pursuant to sections 2254 or 2255 cannot constitute strikes for purposes of the
PLRA. See Jones v. Smith, 720 F.3d 142, 146 (2nd Cir. 2013) (“dismissals of habeas petitions
challenging the prisoner’s conviction or the duration of his confinement should not be considered
strikes for purposes of the PLRA.”); Mitchell v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 587 F.3d 415, 418 (D.C.
Cir. 2010) (habeas cases are not strikes); Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1122 (9th Cir. 2005)
(“Congress intended § 1915(g) to address civil rights and prison condition cases, not habeas
petitions.”); Paige v. Bacarisse, 80 F. App’x 299, 300 (5th Cir. 2003); Jennings v. Natrona Cnty.
Det. Ctr. Med. Facility, 175 F.3d 775, 780 (10th Cir. 1999) (overruled on other grounds) (“the
dismissal of a habeas corpus or § 2255 petition does not count as a strike for purposes of limiting
in forma pauperis status under § 1915(g).”). Based on the foregoing authority, the Court finds
that Plaintiff’s prior section 2255 proceeding should not count as a strike under section 1915(g),
and as a result, Defendants have failed to show three strikes against Plaintiff under the PLRA.
Accordingly, Defendants’ Motion to Vacate Plaintiff’s In Forma Pauperis Status (doc.
98) is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ Roseann A. Ketchmark
ROSEANN A. KETCHMARK, JUDGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DATED: May 26, 2017
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