Jacques v. Haas Group International, LLC
ORDER GRANTING 131 Motion for Attorney Fees. Jacques is entitled to $40,532.10 in attorney's fees and $37, 119.11 in costs in addition to his taxable costs of $17,784.09. READ ORDER FOR COMPLETE DETAILS. Signed by Judge Susan P. Watters on 2/22/2017. (AMC)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MONT ANA
FEB 2 2 2017
u.s o· .
Diltiict 0, ISfnct Coun
THOMAS P. JACQUES,
HAAS GROUP INTERNATIONAL,
Before the Court is Plaintiff Thomas Jacques' Motion for Attorney's Fees
and Costs (Doc. 131). For the foregoing reasons, the Courts GRANTS Jacques'
Motion for Attorney's Fees and Costs. Jacques is entitled to $40,532.l 0 in
attorney's fees and $37, 119.11 in costs, in addition to his taxable costs of
In February 2014, Jacques filed a wage claim in an administrative
proceeding against his employer, Haas Group International, Inc. (Haas). Jacques
hired Thomas Singer to represent him in his wage claim. The two entered a fee
agreement that provided an hourly rate of $250 for Singer's services. (Doc. 133 at
2). Haas terminated Jacques in August 2014. (Doc. 91 at 4). Jacques wage claim
with Haas was still unresolved. Singer and Jacques determined Jacques's best
course of action was to pursue the wage claim and a wrongful termination claim in
district court. (Doc. 133 at 2). Singer and Jacques entered a new fee agreement
wherein Jacques agreed to pay Singer on a contingency fee basis. (Doc. 148-1 at
1). The agreement provided Singer's firm, Axilon Law Group ("Axilon"), would
receive 40% of all amounts recovered as a result of any judgment entered after
trial. (Doc. 148-1 at 2). The agreement also provided Axilon would refund the
payments previously made by Jacques under the prior agreement. (Doc. 148-1 at
1). Jacques was required to cover all costs. (Doc. 148-1at2).
Jacques' claims were tried by a jury in October 2016. (Doc. 128). The jury
returned a verdict and special verdict in Jacques' favor, awarding $101,330.25 in
unpaid wages, $598,122.00 in wrongful discharge damages, and $725,358.50 in
punitive damages. (Doc. 129).
A motion for attorney's fees must state the statute, rule, or other grounds
entitling the movant to the award. F. R. Civ. P. 54(d)(2)(B)(ii). Montana's Wage
Protection Act provides: "a judgment for the plaintiff in a proceeding pursuant to
this part must include all costs reasonably incurred in connection with the
proceeding, including attorney fees." Mont. Code Ann.§ 39-3-214(2).
In a lawsuit involving multiple claims or multiple theories, an award of
attorney's fees must be based on the time spent by the prevailing party's attorney
on the claim or theory under which attorney's fees are allowable. Northwestern
Nat. Banko/Great Falls v. Weaver-Maxwell, Inc., 729 P.2d 1258, 1264-1265
(Mont. 1986). However, an attorney may be entitled to an entire fee where it is
impossible to segregate the attorney's time between claims entitling the party to
attorney's fees and other claims. Blue Ridge Homes, Inc. v. Thein, 191P.3d374,
388 (Mont. 2008). The purpose of awarding attorney's fees to an employee who
obtains a judgment in a wage claim is to make the employee whole. Kuhr v. City
of Billings, 168 P.3d 615, 626 (Mont. 2007).
Jacques argues he is entitled to the entire fee because, although only his
wage claim provides an avenue for attorney's fees, his wage claim and wrongful
discharge claim are so intertwined that it is impossible to segregate his attorney's
time between the two.
While the Court agrees the two claims are intertwined, it is not "impossible"
to separate the two as required for an entire fee under Blue Ridge. The
contingency fee agreement provides a simple method of separating the two for
purposes of attorney's fees calculation. The contingency fee agreement provided
Axilon is entitled to 40o/o of the judgment after trial. The jury awarded
$101,330.25 for Jacques' wage claim. Therefore, under Kuhr, 40% of the jury's
wage claim award-$40,532.10-will make Jacques whole for purposes of that
However, the contingency fee agreement provides no solution for separating
Jacques' costs incurred in bringing the intertwined claims. Under the agreement,
Jacques was required to cover all costs. Therefore, because it is "impossible" to
segregate the costs Jacques incurred in bringing his claims, he is entitled to recover
the entire costs.
For the foregoing reasons, Jacques' Motion for Attorney's Fees and Costs
(Doc. 131) is GRANTED. Jacques is entitled to $40,532.10 in attorney's fees and
$37, 119.11 in costs in addition to his taxable costs of $17,784.09.
cJcJ day of February, 2017.
United States District Judge
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