Mulkey v. State of Montana
ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 5 in full. A certificate of appealability is DENIED. Signed by Judge Dana L. Christensen on 8/30/2017. Mailed to Mulkey (TAG)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MONTANA
MELVIN RICHARD MULKEY,
STATE OF MONTANA,
United States Magistrate Judge Jeremiah C. Lynch entered his Order,
Findings and Recommendations on July 11, 2017, recommending that Petitioner
Melvin Richard Mulkey's ("Mulkey") petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 be dismissed. Mulkey failed to timely object to the Findings
and Recommendations, and so waived its right to de novo review of the record.
28 U.S.C. § 636(b )(1 )(C). This Court reviews for clear error those findings and
recommendations to which no party objects. See McDonnell Douglas Corp. v.
Commodore Bus. Mach., Inc., 656 F.2d 1309, 1313 (9th Cir. 1981); Thomas v.
Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149 (1985). Clear error exists ifthe Court is left with a
"definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed." United States v.
Syrax, 235 F.3d 422, 427 (9th Cir. 2000) (citations omitted). Because the parties
are familiar with the facts of this case, they will not be repeated here.
Having reviewed the Findings and Recommendations, the Court finds no
clear error in Judge Lynch's conclusion that Mulkey's petition must be dismissed
because he has failed to exhaust his state law remedies, including extraordinary,
direct, and collateral review of his state court conviction. Consequently, Mulkey
must exhaust the available state law remedies before he is permitted to move for
federal habeas relief. Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 522 (1982) (district courts
must dismiss habeas petitions containing unexhausted claims).
Accordingly, there being no clear error in Judge Lynch's Findings and
Recommendations, IT IS ORDERED that:
(1) Judge Lynch's Findings and Recommendations (Doc. 5) is ADOPTED
(2) The Petition (Doc. 1) is DISMISSED as unexhausted.
(3) The Clerk of Court is directed to enter by separate document a judgment
in favor of Respondents and against Petitioner.
(4) A certificate of appealability is DENIED.
~o'~ay of August, 201 7.
Dana L. Christensen, Chief Judge
United States District Court
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