Page v. Bozeman Police Department et al
ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 7 in full. This dismissal counts as a strike pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 1915(g). Any appeal of this decision would not be taken in good faith. Signed by Judge Brian Morris on 10/19/2017. Mailed to Page (TAG)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MONTANA
JAKOB M. PAGE,
OCT 1 9 2017
Clerk, u.s District Court
District Of Montana
ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND
BOZEMAN POLICE DEPARTMENT
and OFFICER ROBERT VANUKA,
Plaintiff Jakob Page filed a complaint alleging that Defendants disclosed
information to the media that placed him in danger at the Gallatin County
Detention Center. (Doc. 2.) Page alleges that he asked Officer Vanuka ifhe could
receive a deal in his criminal investigation in exchange for being cooperative.
While incarcerated, Page alleges that he became aware that Officer Vanuka had
released to the media the fact that Page asked for a deal. Page claims that several
inmates approached him wishing to do him harm. (Doc. 2 at 2-3).
United States Magistrate Judge Jeremiah C. Lynch entered Findings and
Recommendations in this matter on September 29,2017. (Doc. 7.) Neither party
When a party makes no objections, the Court need not review de novo the
proposed Findings and Recommendations. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149-52
(1986). This Court will review Judge Lynch's Findings and Recommendations,
however, for clear error. McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Commodore Bus. Mach.,
Inc., 656 F.2d 1309,1313 (9th Cir. 1981).
Judge Lynch determined that Page failed to state a federal claim for relief
pursuant to Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 8 provides that a
complaint "that states a claim for relief must contain ... a short and plain statement
of the claim showing that the [plaintiff] is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P.
8(a)(2). Judge Lynch construed Page's allegations as a failure to protect claim
under the Fourteenth Amendment. (Doc. 7 at 6.) To state a failure to protect claim
under the Fourteenth Amendment, a plaintiff must allege:
(1) The defendant made an intentional decision with respect to the conditions
under which the plaintiff was confined; (2) those conditions put the
plaintiff at substantial risk of suffering serious harm; (3) the defendant
did not take reasonable available measures to abate that risk, even though
a reasonable officer in the circumstances would have appreciated the high
degree of risk involved - making the consequences of the defendant's
conduct obvious; and (4) by not taking such measures, the defendant
caused the plaintiff's injuries.
Castro v. Cly. O/Los Angeles, 833 F.3d 1060,1071 (9th Cir. 2016) (en banc).
Judge Lynch determined that the information disclosed by Officer Vanuka was not
false and actually pertained to the matter that Officer Vanuka was investigating.
(Doc. 7 at 7.)
Page admits that he is the one that broached the subject of cooperation with
Officer Vanuka. Id. This information was likely to appear in Officer Vanuka's
report and likely would be made available to the public. Id. Page admitted that he
was not injured by these circumstances. Judge Lynch determined that assuming
Page's factual allegations are true, the Court cannot infer anything more than the
mere possibility of misconduct. Id. As a result, Page has not shown that he is
entitled to relief. Id. Judge Lynch further determined, that even assuming that Page
could possibly state a claim, Officer Vanuka's actions would be protected by the
doctrine of qualified immunity. Id. at 7-8.
Judge Lynch recommends that the Court dismiss this matter for failure to
state a federal claim. Judge Lynch recommends that the docket reflect that any
appeal of this decision would not be taken in good faith pursuant to Rule
24(a)(3)(A) of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure. Id. at 10. The record
makes clear that the complaint lacks arguable substance in law or fact. Id. Judge
Lynch further recommends that the docket reflect that this dismissal counts as a
strike pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) because Page failed to state a claim upon
which relief may be granted. Id.
The Court has reviewed Judge Lynch's Findings and Recommendations for
clear error. The Court finds no error in Judge Lynch's Findings and
Recommendations, and adopts them in full.
IT IS ORDERED that Judge Lynch's Findings and Recommendations
(Doc. 7), are ADOPTED IN FULL.
IT IS ORDERED that this matter be dismissed for failure to state a federal
claim. The Clerk of Court shall close this matter and enter judgment in favor of
Defendants pursuant to Rule 58 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
IT IS ORDERED that the docket shall reflect that the Court certifies
pursuant to Rule 24(a)(3)(A) of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure that any
appeal of this decision would not be taken in good faith.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the docket shall reflect that this
dismissal counts as a strike pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) because Page failed to
state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
DATED this 19th day of October, 2017.
United States District Court judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?