Palmerton et al v. Wal-Mart Stores et al
ORDER denying 3 Motion for speedy hearing/immediate relief. Signed by Judge Charles C. Lovell on 9/13/2017. (MKB)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MONTANA
TRACEY PALMERTON and
WAL-MART STORES, INC., CLAIMS
MANAGEMENT, INC., ABC
INSURANCE COMPANY, JOHN DOES
This civil matter arises from Plaintiff’s claimed slip-and-fall injury suffered
at the Helena Wal-Mart Store on December 30, 2015. Now before the Court is
Plaintiff’s “Rule 57 Motion for Speedy Hearing.” (ECF No. 3.) Plaintiff Tracey
Palmerton alleges in the instant motion that she is entitled to a declaratory
judgment pursuant to Rule 57 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the
Uniform Declaratory Judgments Act, 28 U.S.C. 2201, and an order by the Court
compelling Defendants to pay for her medical expenses already incurred and to be
incurred in the future. Plaintiff states that this issue may require a jury trial. Under
Rule 57, the Court may order a speedy hearing and may grant a jury trial in
connection with a declaratory judgment action.
The standard to be applied to a demand for advance payments of medical
expenses is whether liability for the accident and liability for the actual medical
expenses are reasonably clear. Ridley v. Guarantee National, 951 P.2d 987, 992
(Mont. 1988). Even if liability for the accident is reasonably clear, liability for the
medical expenses may not be reasonably clear. For example, it may not be
reasonably clear that the medical expenses are causally related to the accident. If
there is a genuine issue of material fact regarding liability for the accident or for
the medical expenses, then liability is not reasonably clear with respect to advance
payment of the medical expenses. Giambra v. Travelers Indemnity Co., 78 P.3d
880 (Mont. 2003). The test for reasonably clear liability is an objective test.
Peterson v. St. Paul Fire and Marine Ins. Co., 239 P.3d 904 (Mont. 2010). It is a
greater degree of certainty than preponderance-of-the-evidence and “more akin to
the ‘clear and convincing evidence’ standard....” Ayotte v. American Economy Ins.
Co., 2010 WL 10862741 (D. Mont. 2010). “[T]he facts, circumstances, and the
applicable law [should] leave little room for objectively reasonable debate about
whether liability exists.” Id. at *3.
Whether to order a speedy hearing of a declaratory judgment action is in the
discretion of the district court. See Wilton v. Seven Falls Co., 515 U.S. 277, 282,
115 S.Ct. 2137, 132 L.Ed.2d 214 (1995); Fed. R. Civ. P. 57 (“The court may order
a speedy hearing of a declaratory judgment action.”) (emphasis added). “A
declaratory judgment is appropriate when it will ‘terminate the controversy’ giving
rise on undisputed or relatively undisputed facts....” Fed. R. Civ. P. 57 Advisory
There is a pending underlying claim that will not be determined by the
request for a speedy hearing, and that is Plaintiff’s underlying negligence claim
against the Defendants. Defendants argue that Plaintiff’s negligence claim will be
determinable by summary judgment motion. As to the Rule 57 motion, Defendants
dispute that Plaintiff’s medical expenses are causally related to Plaintiff’s claim of
accident at the Wal-Mart Store in Helena. Defendants did pay Plaintiff’s initial
medical expenses but then refused to pay further medical expenses. Defendants
point out nothing in the record supports Plaintiff’s claim that she has medical
expenses that she cannot pay that are causally related to her claimed injury.
Defendants ask the Court to deny the motion for speedy hearing and permit the
matter of liability for the underlying negligence claim and for the medical expenses
to be decided by summary judgment motion. In response, Plaintiff emphasizes that
Defendants did pay her initial medical expenses and therefore should be required to
continue to do so. The Court is not persuaded by this argument. If Defendants
were not legally obligated to pay the medical expenses at all or at some point, then
they were entitled to terminate payments, at their discretion. By paying for the
initial medical expenses, the Defendant did not legally obligate themselves to pay
any and all of Plaintiff’s medical expenses in perpetuity following the alleged
accident. It is Plaintiff’s burden to present a prima facie case that Defendants’
liability for her medical expenses is reasonably clear, and Plaintiff has not met that
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Rule 57 Motion for Speedy
Hearing is DENIED.
Dated this 13th day of September, 2017.
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