Gibilisco v. Houston
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER granting 36 Petitioner's Motion for Leave to Appeal in forma pauperis. Petitioner's Motion for Certificate of Appealability (filing no. 37 ) is denied without prejudice to reassertion before the Eighth Circuit. Ordered by Chief Judge Joseph F. Bataillon. (Copy mailed/e-mailed to pro se party and the Eighth Circuit)(JAB)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
PHILIP P. GIBILISCO,
This matter is before the court on Petitioner’s Notice of Appeal (filing no. 35),
Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis (filing no. 36), and Motion for
Certificate of Appealability (filing no. 37). For the reasons set forth below, the court
will grant Petitioner’s Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis and deny his
Motion for Certificate of Appealability.
On February 23, 2011, the court dismissed Petitioner’s habeas corpus claims
with prejudice. (Filing Nos. 29 and 30.) Petitioner filed a Motion to Extend Time for
Filing Notice of Appeal (filing no. 33), which the court granted. Thereafter,
Petitioner filed a timely Notice of Appeal on May 16, 2011. (Filing No. 35.)
MOTION FOR LEAVE TO APPEAL IN FORMA PAUPERIS
Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 24(a)(1) states:
(1) Motion in the District Court. Except as stated in Rule 24(a)(3), a
party to a district-court action who desires to appeal in forma pauperis
must file a motion in the district court. The party must attach an affidavit
(A) shows in the detail prescribed by Form 4 of the Appendix of
Forms the party’s inability to pay or to give security for fees and
(B) claims an entitlement to redress; and
(C) states the issues that the party intends to present on appeal.
In light of the information provided by Petitioner in his Motion for Leave to
Appeal in Forma Pauperis (filing no. 36) and Prisoner Account Statement (filing no.
38), and pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 24(a), the court finds that
Petitioner may proceed in forma pauperis on appeal.
REQUEST FOR CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
Before a petitioner may appeal the dismissal of a petition for writ of habeas
corpus, a “Certificate of Appealability” must issue. Pursuant to the Antiterrorism and
Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”), the right to appeal such a dismissal
is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c), which states:
(c)(1) Unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of
appealability, an appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from–
(A) the final order in a habeas corpus proceeding in which the
detention complained of arises out of process issued by a State
(2) A certificate of appealability may issue under paragraph (1) only if
the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a
(3) The certificate of appealability under paragraph (1) shall indicate
which specific issue or issues satisfy the showing required by paragraph
Similarly, Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 22(b), as amended by AEDPA,
indicates that in an action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, a notice of appeal triggers
A certificate of appealability may issue only if the applicant has made a
substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. See 28 U.S.C. §
2253(c)(2). Such a showing requires a demonstration “that reasonable jurists could
debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved
in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve
encouragement to proceed further.” Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)
(internal quotation marks omitted), citing Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 894 (1983)
(defining pre-AEDPA standard for a certificate of probable cause to appeal).
“Where a district court has rejected the constitutional claims on the merits, the
showing required to satisfy §2253(c) is straightforward: The petitioner must
demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court’s assessment of the
constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” Slack, 529 U.S. at 484. Similarly, if the
district court denies a petition for writ of habeas corpus on procedural grounds
without reaching the underlying constitutional claims on the merits:
[A] COA should issue when the prisoner shows, at least, that jurists of
reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim
of the denial of a constitutional right and . . . would find it debatable
whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling . . . Where
a plain procedural bar is present and the district court is correct to
invoke it to dispose of the case, a reasonable jurist could not conclude
either that the district court erred in dismissing the petition or that the
petitioner should be allowed to proceed further. In such a circumstance,
no appeal would be warranted.
the requirement that the district judge who rendered the judgment either issue a
certificate of appealability or state the reasons why such a certificate should not issue.
See generally Tiedeman v. Benson, 122 F.3d 518, 521 (8th Cir. 1997).
The court has carefully reviewed the record and Petitioner’s Motion for
Certificate of Appealability. (Filing No. 37.) Petitioner has failed to demonstrate that
reasonable jurists would find this court’s ruling debatable or wrong. For the reasons
stated in its February 23, 2011, Memorandum and Order (filing no. 29), which
dismissed Petitioner’s claims with prejudice, the court declines to issue a Certificate
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that:
Petitioner’s Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis (filing no.
36) is granted.
Petitioner’s Motion for Certificate of Appealability (filing no. 37) is
denied without prejudice to reassertion before the Eighth Circuit.
The Clerk of the court shall provide the Court of Appeals a copy of this
Memorandum and Order.
DATED this 21st day of June, 2011.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Joseph F. Bataillon
Chief United States District Judge
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