Anthony v. The Cattle National Bank & Trust Co.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER granting defendant's motion to dismiss 11 . Plaintiff's Amended Complaint is dismissed without prejudice to reassertion in the proper forum. A separate judgment will be entered in accordance with this Memorandum and Order. All other pending motions are denied without prejudice to reassertion in the proper forum. Ordered by Judge Laurie Smith Camp. (Copy mailed to pro se party) (JSF)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
KAREN J. ANTHONY,
THE CATTLE NATIONAL BANK &
CASE NO. 4:11CV3064
This matter is before the court on Defendant The Cattle National Bank & Trust Co.’s
(the “Bank”) Motion to Dismiss. (Filing No. 11.) As set forth below, the Motion is granted.
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF COMPLAINT
Plaintiff filed this matter on May 2, 2011. (Filing No. 1.) After service, the Bank filed
a Motion to Dismiss (Filing No. 5) and Plaintiff thereafter filed an Amended Complaint
(Filing No. 10). The Amended Complaint is the operative complaint in this matter. This
matter relates entirely to a loan made to Plaintiff by the Bank, Plaintiff’s alleged default on
that loan, and the Bank’s eventual initiation of foreclosure proceedings on Plaintiff’s
personal residence located in Lancaster County, Nebraska. (Id.)
The Bank filed its Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint on June 14, 2011,
arguing, among other things, that dismissal is warranted because this court lacks subject
matter jurisdiction. (Filing No. 11.) Plaintiff filed a Response to the Motion to Dismiss,
asserting that the court has jurisdiction because her claims are brought pursuant to a
federal statute. (Filing No. 13.)
SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
The Bank argues that the claims against it should be dismissed because, among
other things, this court lacks subject matter jurisdiction. (Filing No. 12.) The court agrees.
Diversity of Citizenship Jurisdiction
As set forth in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, “[i]f the court determines at any
time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the court must dismiss the action.” Fed. R. Civ.
P. 12(h)(3). The statutory provisions conferring jurisdiction on the federal courts “are
strictly construed.” Hedberg v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 350 F.2d 924, 928 (8th Cir.
1965). Subject matter jurisdiction may exist pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332, commonly
referred to as “diversity of citizenship” jurisdiction. For purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 1332,
“diversity of citizenship” means that “the citizenship of each plaintiff is different from the
citizenship of each defendant.” Ryan v. Schneider Natl. Carriers, Inc., 263 F.3d 816, 819
(8th Cir. 2001). In addition, the amount in controversy must be greater than $75,000.00
for diversity of citizenship jurisdiction. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a).
As Plaintiff’s Response to the Motion to Dismiss makes clear, Plaintiff does not
allege that the court has diversity jurisdiction in this matter. (Filing No. 13.) Regardless,
the Amended Complaint clearly alleges that the Bank is a “national bank” with its principal
place of business in the city of Seward, Nebraska. (Filing No. 10 at CM/ECF p. 1.) As set
forth in 28 U.S.C. § 1348, “[a]ll national banking associations shall, for the purposes of all
other actions by or against them, be deemed citizens of the States in which they are
respectively located.” See also Wachovia Bank v. Schmidt, 546 U.S. 303, 306 (2006)
(“[W]e hold that a national bank, for § 1348 purposes, is a citizen of the State in which its
main office, as set forth in its articles of association, is located.). Thus, the Bank is a
citizen of the State of Nebraska. Plaintiff also alleges that she is a citizen of the State of
Nebraska. (Filing No. 1 at CM/ECF p. 1.) As such, the court finds that, although Plaintiff
does not assert it as a basis of subject matter jurisdiction, diversity of citizenship jurisdiction
does not apply.
Federal Question Jurisdiction
In addition to diversity of citizenship jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction may also
exist where a plaintiff asserts a “non-frivolous claim of a right or remedy under a federal
statute,” commonly referred to as “federal question” jurisdiction. Northwest South Dakota
Prod. Credit Ass’n v. Smith, 784 F.2d 323, 325 (8th Cir. 1986). In her Amended Complaint,
Plaintiff alleges that her claims are brought under 12 U.S.C. §24(4) and 12 U.S.C.
12 U.S.C. §1831n(2)(A) requires that “the accounting principles applicable to reports
or statements required to be filed with Federal banking agencies by all insured depository
institutions shall be uniform and consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.”
Id. Although the Eighth Circuit has not addressed the issue, other courts have held that
12 U.S.C. §1831n(2(A) does not create a private right of action. See Velasquez v. U.S.
Bank Nat’l Ass’n, No. CV 09-1104 PSG, 2009 WL 1941807, *4 (C.D. Cal. July 1, 2009)
(finding that “nothing in the text of” 12 U.S.C. § 1831n “suggests the existence of a private
right of action against Defendant”); Mathews v. Washington Mut. Bank, FA, No. 05-100,
2006 WL 2380460, *4 (E.D. Pa. Aug. 14, 2006) (same).1 The court agrees with this
The Velasquez court noted that the Southern District of California has implied,
although not determined, that a private right of action may exist under 12 U.S.C. §
rationale and finds that 12 U.S.C. § 1831n(2)(A) does not create a private of action. As
such, Plaintiff cannot proceed under the statute and it cannot be a basis for this court’s
subject matter jurisdiction.
The same is true of Plaintiff’s other asserted basis for federal question jurisdiction,
12 U.S.C. § 24(4). This section states that a national bank has the power “[t]o sue and be
sued, complain and defend, in any court of law and equity, as fully as natural persons.”
12 U.S.C. § 24(4). As the Supreme Court has made clear, this statute does not allow
national banks to be sued in federal court without regard to normal subject-matter
jurisdiction rules. Wachovia, 546 U.S. at 309-10. As set forth in Wachovia:
When Congress first authorized national banks in 1863, it specified that any
suits, actions, and proceedings by and against them could be had in federal
court. National banks thus could sue and be sued in the federal district and
circuit courts solely because they were national banks, without regard to
diversity, amount in controversy or the existence of a federal question in the
usual sense. . . . State banks, however, like other state-incorporated entities,
could initiate actions in federal court only on the basis of diversity of
citizenship or the existence of a federal question. . . . Congress ended
national banks’ automatic qualification for federal jurisdiction in
1882. . . . Under this measure, national banks could no longer invoke
federal-court jurisdiction solely on the ground of their Federal origin, instead,
for federal jurisdictional purposes, Congress placed national banks on the
same footing as the banks of the state where they were located.
Id. (internal citations and quotations omitted). Stated another way, national banks are
subject to same diversity and federal jurisdiction rules as other “persons,” and 12 U.S.C.
§24(4) is not an independent jurisdictional grant to the federal courts over national banks.
1831n(2)(A). Velasquez, 2009 WL 1941807 at *4 (citing Mamerto v. Deutsche Bank Nat’l
Trust Co., No. 08-CV-00589-H, 2009 WL 1582911, at *5 (S.D. Cal. June 4, 2009) and
Metcalf v. Drexel Lending Group, No. 08-CV-00731, 2008 WL 4748134, at *3 (S.D. Cal.
Oct. 29, 2008)). The court has carefully reviewed those decisions and finds that they do
not alter the decision set forth in this Memorandum and Order.
Therefore, Plaintiff cannot assert this statute as a basis for federal question jurisdiction in
Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint is brought to “quiet title” and asserts only a state-law
fraud claim in an attempt to stop the Bank’s foreclosure on her home. Plaintiff has not
established that this court has subject matter jurisdiction over her claims and this matter
must therefore be dismissed.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that:
Defendant The Cattle National Bank & Trust Co.’s Motion to Dismiss
Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint (Filing No. 11) is granted and Plaintiff’s
Amended Complaint is dismissed without prejudice to reassertion in the
A separate judgment will be entered in accordance with this Memorandum
and Order; and
All other pending motions are denied without prejudice to reassertion in the
DATED this 22nd day of August, 2011.
BY THE COURT:
s/Laurie Smith Camp
United States District Judge
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