Pflueger v. Credit Bureau Services, Inc., et al
PROTECTIVE ORDER - The parties' Joint Motion for Protective Order 15 is granted. Ordered by Magistrate Judge Susan M. Bazis. (CS)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
CREDIT BUREAU SERVICES, INC. and )
Case No. 4:17-cv-03092-JMG-SMB
This matter is before the Court on the parties’ Joint Motion for Entry of Protective Order.
(Filing No. 15.) The motion is granted.
Accordingly, a protective order is entered as follows:
All documents and materials produced in the course of discovery of this
case, including initial disclosures, responses to discovery requests, all deposition testimony and
exhibits, and information derived directly therefrom (hereinafter collectively “documents”), are
subject to this Order concerning Confidential Information as set forth below.
As there is a
presumption in favor of open and public judicial proceedings in the federal courts, this Order will
be strictly construed in favor of public disclosure and open proceedings wherever possible.
Definition of Confidential Information.
As used in this Order, “Confidential
Information” is defined as information that the producing party designates in good faith has been
previously maintained in a confidential manner and should be protected from disclosure and use
outside the litigation because its disclosure and use is restricted by statute or could potentially
cause harm to the interests of disclosing party or nonparties. For purposes of this Order, the
parties will limit their designation of “Confidential Information” to the following categories of
information or documents:
Proprietary or commercial information relating to Defendant’s
customers; confidential financial information of Defendant; or
records, personal or financial information regarding Plaintiff,
including, but not limited to, records whose disclosure is restricted
Information or documents that are available to the public may not be designated as
Form and Timing of Designation.
The producing party may designate
documents as containing Confidential Information and therefore subject to protection under this
Order by marking or placing the words “CONFIDENTIAL - SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE
ORDER” (hereinafter “the marking”) on the document and on all copies in a manner that will not
interfere with the legibility of the document. As used in this Order, “copies” includes electronic
images, duplicates, extracts, summaries or descriptions that contain the Confidential Information.
The marking will be applied prior to or at the time of the documents are produced or disclosed.
Applying the marking to a document does not mean that the document has any status or
protection by statute or otherwise except to the extent and for the purposes of this Order. Copies
that are made of any designated documents must also bear the marking, except that indices,
electronic databases, or lists of documents that do not contain substantial portions or images of
the text of marked documents and do not otherwise disclose the substance of the Confidential
Information are not required to be marked. By marking a designated document as confidential,
the designating attorney or party appearing pro se thereby certifies that the document contains
Confidential Information as defined in this Order.
Inadvertent Failure to Designate.
Inadvertent failure to designate any
document or material as containing Confidential Information will not constitute a waiver of an
otherwise valid claim of confidentiality pursuant to this Order, so long as a claim of
confidentiality is asserted within 30 days after discovery of the inadvertent failure.
Deposition testimony will be deemed confidential only if
designated as such when the deposition is taken or within a reasonable time period after receipt
of the deposition transcript. Such designation must be specific as to the portions of the transcript
and/or any exhibits to be protected.
Protection of Confidential Material.
Designated Confidential Information must be used
or disclosed solely for purposes of prosecuting or defending this lawsuit, including any
appeals, [or any other related legal proceeding brought by one of the parties to this
Who May View Designated Confidential Information. Except with the
prior written consent of the designating party or prior order of the court, designated
Confidential Information may only be disclosed to the following persons:
The parties to this litigation, including any employees, agents, and
representatives of the parties;1
Counsel for the parties and employees and agents of counsel;
The court and court personnel, including any special master
appointed by the court, and members of the jury;
Any mediator appointed by the court or jointly selected by the
Any expert witness, outside consultant, or investigator retained
specifically in connection with this litigation, but only after such
If the confidential documents contain highly sensitive trade secrets or other highly sensitive competitive
or confidential information and disclosure to another party would result in demonstrable harm to the disclosing
party, then the parties may stipulate or move for the establishment of an additional category of protection, (e.g.,
Attorneys Eyes Only) that prohibits disclosure of such documents or information to category or that limits disclosure
only to specifically designated in-house counsel or party representative(s) whose assistance is reasonably necessary
to the conduct of the litigation and who agree to be bound by the terms of the Order.
persons have completed the certification contained in Attachment
A, Acknowledgment and Agreement to be Bound;
The author or recipient of the document (not including a person
who received the document in the course of the litigation);
Independent providers of document reproduction, electronic
discovery, or other litigation services retained or employed
specifically in connection with this litigation; and
Any potential, anticipated, or actual fact witness and his or her
counsel, but only to the extent such confidential documents or
information will assist the witness in recalling, relating, or
explaining facts or in testifying, and only after such persons have
completed the certification contained in Attachment A;
Other persons only upon consent of the producing party and on
such conditions as the parties may agree.
Control of Documents.
The parties must take reasonable efforts to
prevent unauthorized or inadvertent disclosure of documents designated as containing
Confidential Information pursuant to the terms of this Order.
Counsel for the parties
must maintain a record of those persons, including employees of counsel, who have
reviewed or been given access to the documents along with the originals of the forms
signed by those persons acknowledging their obligations under this Order.
Filing of Confidential Information.
In the event a party seeks to file any
document containing Confidential Information subject to protection under this Order with the
court, that party must take appropriate action to insure that the document receives proper
protection from public disclosure including: (a) filing a redacted document with the consent of
the party who designated the document as confidential; (b) where appropriate (e.g., in relation to
discovery and evidentiary motions), submitting the document solely for in camera review; or (c)
when the preceding measures are inadequate, seeking permission to file the document under seal
by filing a motion for leave to file under seal in accordance with NECivR 7.5.
Nothing in this Order will be construed as a prior directive to allow any document to be
filed under seal.
The parties understand that the requested documents may be filed under seal
only with the permission of the court after proper motion.
If the motion is granted and the
requesting party permitted to file the requested documents under seal, only counsel of record and
unrepresented parties will have access to the sealed documents.
Pro hac vice attorneys must
obtain sealed documents from local counsel.
Challenges to a Confidential Designation.
The designation of any material or
document as Confidential Information is subject to challenge by any party.
Before filing any
motion or objection to a confidential designation, the objecting party must meet and confer in
good faith to resolve the objection informally without judicial intervention. A party that elects to
challenge a confidentiality designation may file and serve a motion that identifies the challenged
material and sets forth in detail the basis for the challenge. The burden of proving the necessity
of a confidentiality designation remains with the party asserting confidentiality.
Until the court
rules on the challenge, all parties must continue to treat the materials as Confidential Information
under the terms of this Order.
Use of Confidential Documents or Information at Trial or Hearing. Nothing
in this Order will be construed to affect the use of any document, material, or information at any
trial or hearing. A party that intends to present or that anticipates that another party may present
Confidential Information at a hearing or trial must bring that issue to the attention of the court
and the other parties without disclosing the Confidential Information. The court may thereafter
make such orders as are necessary to govern the use of such documents or information at the
hearing or trial.
Obligations on Conclusion of Litigation.
Order Remains in Effect.
Unless otherwise agreed or ordered, all
provisions of this Order will remain in effect and continue to be binding after conclusion
of the litigation.
Return of Confidential Documents.
Within 30 days after this litigation
concludes by settlement, final judgment, or final order, including all appeals, all
as containing Confidential Information, including copies as
defined above, must be returned to the party who previously produced the document
unless: (1) the document has been offered into evidence or filed without restriction as to
disclosure; (2) the parties agree to destruction of the document to the extent practicable in
lieu of return;2 or (3) as to documents bearing the notations, summations, or other mental
impressions of the receiving party, that party elects to destroy the documents and certifies
to the producing party that it has done so.
Retention of Work Product. Notwithstanding the above requirements to
return or destroy documents, counsel may retain attorney work product, including an
index which refers or relates to designated Confidential Information, so long as that work
product does not duplicate verbatim substantial portions of the text or images of
This work product will continue to be confidential under this
An attorney may use his or her own work product in subsequent litigation
provided that its use does not disclose Confidential Information.
The parties may choose to agree that the receiving party must destroy documents containing Confidential
Information and certify the fact of destruction, and that the receiving party must not be required to locate, isolate and
return e-mails (including attachments to e-mails) that may include Confidential Information, or Confidential
Information contained in deposition transcripts or drafts or final expert reports.
Order Subject to Modification.
This Order is subject to modification by the
court on its own motion or on motion of any party or any other person with standing concerning
the subject matter.
No Prior Judicial Determination.
This Order is entered based on the
representations and agreements of the parties and for the purpose of facilitating discovery.
Nothing in this Order will be construed or presented as a judicial determination that any
document or material designated as Confidential Information by counsel or the parties is entitled
to protection under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c) or otherwise until such time as the court may rule on a
specific document or issue.
Persons Bound by Protective Order. This Order will take effect when entered
and is binding upon all counsel of record and their law firms, the parties, and persons made
subject to this Order by its terms.
The court’s jurisdiction to enforce the provisions of this Order will
terminate on the final disposition of this case. But a party may file a motion to seek leave to
reopen the case to enforce the provisions of this Order.
Applicability to Parties Later Joined.
If additional persons or entities become
parties to this lawsuit, they must not be given access to any Confidential Information until they
execute and file with the court their written agreement to be bound by the provisions of this
Protections Extended to Third-Party’s Confidential Information. The parties
agree to extend the provisions of this Protective Order to Confidential Information produced in
this case by third parties, if timely requested by the third party.
Confidential Information Subpoenaed or Ordered Produced in Other
If a receiving party is served with a subpoena or an order issued in other litigation
that would compel disclosure of any material or document designated in this action as
Confidential Information, the receiving party must so notify the designating party, in writing,
immediately and in no event more than three business days after receiving the subpoena or order.
Such notification must include a copy of the subpoena or court order.
The receiving party also must immediately inform in writing the party who caused the
subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the
subpoena or order is the subject of this Order. In addition, the receiving party must deliver a
copy of this Order promptly to the party in the other action that caused the subpoena to issue.
The purpose of imposing these duties is to alert the interested persons to the existence of
this Order and to afford the designating party in this case an opportunity to try to protect its
Confidential Information in the court from which the subpoena or order issued. The designating
party bears the burden and the expense of seeking protection in that court of its Confidential
Information, and nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a
receiving party in this action to disobey a lawful directive from another court. The obligations
set forth in this paragraph remain in effect while the party has in its possession, custody, or
control Confidential Information by the other party to this case.
Inadvertent Disclosure of Confidential Information Covered by Attorney-
Client Privilege or Work Product.
The inadvertent disclosure or production of any
information or document that is subject to an objection on the basis of attorney-client privilege or
work-product protection, including, but not limited, to information or documents that may be
considered Confidential Information under the Protective Order, will not be deemed to waive a
party’s claim to its privileged or protected nature or estop that party or the privilege holder from
designating the information or document as attorney-client privileged or subject to the work
product doctrine at a later date.
Any party receiving any such information or document must
return it upon request to the producing party. Upon receiving such a request as to specific
information or documents, the receiving party must return the information or documents to the
producing party within 14 days, regardless of whether the receiving party agrees with the claim
of privilege and/or work-product protection. Disclosure of the information or document by the
other party prior to such later designation will not be deemed a violation of the provisions of this
The provisions of this section constitute an order pursuant to Rules 502(d) and(e) of the
Federal Rules of Evidence.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated December 7, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Susan M. Bazis
United States Magistrate Judge
AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND
The undersigned hereby acknowledges that he/she has read the Protective Order dated
_______________ in the case captioned, Pflueger v. Credit Bureau Services, Inc., et al., No.
4:17-cv-03092-JMG-SMB, and attached hereto, understands the terms thereof, and agrees to be
bound by its terms.
The undersigned submits to the jurisdiction of the United States District
Court for the District of Nebraska in matters relating to this Protective Order and understands
that the terms of the Protective Order obligate him/her to use materials designated as
Confidential Information in accordance with the order solely for the purposes of the abovecaptioned action, and not to disclose any such Confidential Information to any other person,
firm, or concern, except in accordance with the provisions of the Protective Order.
The undersigned acknowledges that violation of the Protective Order may result in
penalties for contempt of court.
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