3D Designs, Inc. v. Dempsters LLC et al
ORDER that Mitchell's motion to set aside entry of default (filing 41 ) is denied. Ordered by Judge John M. Gerrard. (Copy mailed to pro se parties) (LRM)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
3D DESIGNS, INC.,
RYAN MITCHELL, et al.,
This matter is before the Court on correspondence from defendant Ryan
Mitchell that the Court has construed, at least in part, as a motion to set aside
entry of default (filing 41). That motion will be denied.
The plaintiff filed its complaint on June 8, 2020, alleging various claims
for relief arising out of the breach of a contract between the plaintiff and two
LLCs for which Mitchell was allegedly the sole member. See filing 1. But
service of process on Mitchell was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. See
filing 12. Service was finally effected on September 14, 2020, and Mitchell filed
an answer on October 13. Filing 18; filing 21. That answer included a postal
address, email address, and telephone number. Filing 18 at 1. The magistrate
judge entered a scheduling order on January 11, 2021, and mailed a copy to
Mitchell. Filing 28. The magistrate judge also set a telephonic planning
conference for March 4, and both mailed and emailed a copy of that order to
Mitchell. Filing 32.
Mitchell did not appear for the conference or later explain his failure to
appear, so on March 8 the magistrate judge ordered him to show cause on or
before April 2 why he should not be held in default. Filing 34. He did not
respond, nor did the plaintiff take any action, so on June 28 the magistrate
judge gave the parties until July 12 to show cause why the case should not be
dismissed for want of prosecution. Filing 37. The plaintiff responded with a
motion for clerk's entry of default. Filing 39. In support, the plaintiff's counsel
averred that he had been unable to contact Mitchell by email or telephone
despite repeated attempts. Filing 39 at 4.
The Clerk of the Court entered Mitchell's default. Filing 40. After that
happened, the Court received a response from Mitchell to the magistrate
judge's June 28 show cause order. See filing 41 at 1. In it, Mitchell repeats what
he had previously said in his answer: that he shouldn't be liable because he
wasn't personally a party to the contract.1 Filing 41. Mitchell also provided the
Court with a copy of a somewhat confusing email exchange apparently meant
to suggest that at some point in March Mitchell had belatedly and ineffectively
tried to reply to the magistrate judge's March 8 order. See filing 41-1.
Nonetheless, default has already been entered. Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(c)
provides that the Court "may set aside an entry of default for good cause. . . ."
When examining whether good cause exists, the Court weighs whether the
conduct of the defaulting party was blameworthy or culpable, whether the
defaulting party has a meritorious defense, and whether the other party would
be prejudiced if the default were excused. Stephenson v. El-Batrawi, 524 F.3d
907, 912 (8th Cir. 2008).
But nothing here really explains why Mitchell is, only now, responding
to the Court—and even now, not explaining his general failure to defend this
The Court has noted Mitchell's assertion of a Canadian bankruptcy proceeding. Filing 41 at
1-2. To the extent that U.S. litigation can be stayed as the result of a Canadian bankruptcy
proceeding, there is no basis for a stay here, in the absence of any of the procedural formalities
necessary to recognize the foreign proceeding. See Econ. Premier Assurance Co. v. CPI
Plastics Grp., Ltd., No. 09-CV-2008, 2010 WL 11561369, at *2-4 (W.D. Ark. June 7, 2010).
action. To begin with, "pro se representation does not excuse a party from
complying with a court's orders and with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure."
Ackra Direct Mktg. Corp. v. Fingerhut Corp., 86 F.3d 852, 856 (8th Cir. 1996).
Mitchell can suggest that he hasn't received notice of everything, but he has
certainly known that this action was pending for several months, and has no
excuse for his failure to take an interest in this litigation. See, e.g., id. at 85557; see also, e.g., Hall v. T.J. Cinnamon's, Inc., 121 F.3d 434, 435 (8th Cir.
1997); Inman v. Am. Home Furniture Placement, Inc., 120 F.3d 117, 119 (8th
Cir. 1997); Jefferson v. Hicks, 364 F. App'x 281, 283-84 (8th Cir. 2010). Nor is
the Court persuaded by his evidence that the COVID-19 pandemic prevents
him from crossing the Canadian border: his physical presence is not required,
at least at this point, to defend this action, and nothing indicates that's beyond
his ability. See Hicks, 364 F. App'x at 283. He has, instead, "watched the
litigation from afar" for several months without "defending the action in a
legally cognizable manner." See Hall, 121 F.3d at 435.
Nor is the Court convinced that Mitchell has a legally cognizable defense.
True, he has suggested that he wasn't a party to the contract that was
breached—but while that might be a defense to the breach of contract claims,
it's not a defense to unjust enrichment, promissory estoppel, fraudulent
misrepresentation and concealment, or tortious interference claims,2 none of
which require Mitchell to be party to the contract and all of which are alleged.
See filing 1. Mitchell has not alleged a meritorious defense to those claims.
The Court has some question about whether Mitchell could have tortiously interfered with
a contract to which his company was a party. See Bussing v. COR Clearing, LLC, 20 F. Supp.
3d 719, 737-39 (D. Neb. 2014). But whether the plaintiff states a claim in that regard will
only be taken up if and when the plaintiff moves for default judgment. See Marshall v.
Baggett, 616 F.3d 849, 852-83 (8th Cir. 2010).
Finally, the Court notes that the plaintiff obtained default judgments
against the other defendants several months ago. What stands between the
plaintiff and a final judgment is Mitchell's dilatory conduct. Setting aside the
default would simply move the plaintiff back a step from that final judgment,
prejudicing it without any indication that Mitchell intends in good faith to
participate in this litigation. Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED that Mitchell's motion to set aside entry of
default (filing 41) is denied.
Dated this 16th day of July, 2021.
BY THE COURT:
John M. Gerrard
United States District Judge
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