Barfield v. Exxon Mobil

Filing 6

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER that Plaintiffs Complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted and is dismissed without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2.) A separate judgment will be entered in accordance with this Memorandum and Order. Ordered by Chief Judge Joseph F. Bataillon. (Copy mailed to pro se party)(ADB, )

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA WILLIE BARFIELD, Plaintiff, v. EXXON MOBIL, Defendant. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 8:10CV30 MEMORANDUM AND ORDER Plaintiff filed his Complaint in this matter on January 21, 2010. (Filing No. 1.) Plaintiff has previously been given leave to proceed in forma pauperis. (Filing No. 5.) The court now conducts an initial review of Plaintiff's claims to determine whether summary dismissal is appropriate under 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2). I. SUMMARY OF COMPLAINT Plaintiff filed his Complaint on January 21, 2010, against one Defendant, Exxon Mobil. (Filing No. 1 at CM/ECF p. 1.) Plaintiff's allegations are difficult to decipher. He alleges only the following, "We pray $250,000,000.00 damages, and, or, bond from defendant which has bought the land, minerals in dispute in Case # 807CV256, on docket of this court."1 (Id. at CM/ECF p. 2.) II. APPLICABLE LEGAL STANDARDS ON INITIAL REVIEW The court is required to review in forma pauperis complaints to determine whether summary dismissal is appropriate. See 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2). The court In Case Number 8:07CV256, Plaintiff alleged that the Hunt Oil Company, John Doe Oil Company, and Hunt Petroleum Corporation illegally seized land and mineral rights owned by Plaintiff's mother, and also conspired to murder her. All claims against Defendants failed. (See Case No. 8:07CV256, Filing Nos. 1, 21, and 35.) 1 must dismiss a complaint or any portion thereof that states a frivolous or malicious claim, that fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2)(B). Pro se plaintiffs must set forth enough factual allegations to "nudge[] their claims across the line from conceivable to plausible," or "their complaint must be dismissed" for failing to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 569-70 (2007); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1950 (2009) ("A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged."). Regardless of whether a plaintiff is represented or is appearing pro se, the plaintiff's complaint must allege specific facts sufficient to state a claim. See Martin v. Sargent, 780 F.2d 1334, 1337 (8th Cir. 1985). However, a pro se plaintiff's allegations must be construed liberally. Burke v. North Dakota Dep't of Corr. & Rehab., 294 F.3d 1043, 1043-44 (8th Cir. 2002) (citations omitted). Liberally construed, Plaintiff here alleges federal constitutional claims. To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. 1983, a plaintiff must allege a violation of rights protected by the United States Constitution or created by federal statute and also must show that the alleged deprivation was caused by conduct of a person acting under color of state law. West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988); Buckley v. Barlow, 997 F.2d 494, 495 (8th Cir. 1993). III. DISCUSSION OF CLAIMS The court has carefully reviewed the Complaint. As set forth above, Plaintiff's allegations are difficult to decipher. The allegations which the court can decipher do not nudge Plaintiff's claims across the line from conceivable to plausible. Plaintiff 2 does not set forth any specific actions taken by Defendants which violate any constitutional right or support a claim under 42 U.S.C. 1983. Keeper v. King, 130 F.3d 1309, 1314 (8th Cir. 1997). In short, Plaintiff does not allege that Defendants deprived him of a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States or that the alleged deprivation was committed under "color of state law." West, 487 U.S. at 48; Buckley, 997 F.2d at 495. Even with the most liberal construction, Plaintiff's Complaint does not include "sufficient facts to support the claims advanced," and is, at best, frivolous. Stringer v. St. James R-1 School Dist., 446 F.3d 799, 802 (8th Cir. 2006). This matter is therefore dismissed. IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that: 1. Plaintiff's Complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted and is dismissed without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2). 2. A separate judgment will be entered in accordance with this Memorandum and Order. DATED this 14th day of May, 2010. BY THE COURT: s/ Joseph F. Bataillon Chief United States District Judge *This opinion may contain hyperlinks to other documents or Web sites. The U.S. District Court for the District of Nebraska does not endorse, recommend, approve, or guarantee any third parties or the services or products they provide on their Web sites. Likewise, the court has no agreements with any of these third parties or their Web sites. The court accepts no responsibility for the availability or functionality of any hyperlink. Thus, the fact that a hyperlink ceases to work or directs the user to some other site does not affect the opinion of the court. 3

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