Griswold v. Britten

Filing 46

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER - Petitioner's motion for leave to appeal IFP 44 is granted. Petitioner's request for a certificate of appealability is denied without prejudice to reassertion before the Eighth Circuit. The clerk of the court shall provide the Court of Appeals a copy of this memorandum and order. Ordered by Senior Judge Lyle E. Strom. (Copy mailed to pro se party)(KBJ)

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-PRSE Griswold v. Britten Doc. 46 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA RICHARD A. GRISWOLD, ) ) Petitioner, ) ) v. ) ) TECUMSEH STATE CORRECTIONAL ) INSTITUTION, ) ) Respondent. ) ______________________________) 8:10CV55 MEMORANDUM AND ORDER This matter is before the Court on petitioner's motion for leave to appeal in forma pauperis ("IFP") (Filing No. 44). Petitioner is a prisoner and has not previously been granted leave to proceed IFP in this matter. Also pending is petitioner's request for a certificate of appealability (Filing Nos. 39 and 45). For the reasons discussed below, petitioner's motion for leave to appeal IFP will be granted and his request for a certificate of appealability will be denied. I. Background On September 1, 2010, the Court dismissed petitioner's habeas corpus petition without prejudice and entered judgment against him (Filing Nos. 34 and 35). Petitioner thereafter filed a timely notice of appeal and a motion for certificate of probable cause (Filing No. 39). On September 15, 2010, the Court liberally construed petitioner's motion for certificate of probable cause as a motion for certificate of appealability (Filing No. 41 at CM/ECF p. 3). Dockets.Justia.com In doing so, the Court directed petitioner to file a brief in support of his motion. (Id.) On October 19, 2010, petitioner filed a brief in support of a request for certificate of appealability (Filing No. 45). II. IFP Status As set forth in Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 24(a)(1): Except as stated in Rule 24(a)(3), a party to a district-court action who desires to appeal in forma pauperis must file a motion in the district court. The party must attach an affidavit that: (A) shows in the detail prescribed by Form 4 of the Appendix of Forms the party's inability to pay or to give security for fees and costs; (B) claims an entitlement to redress; and (C) states the issues that the party intends to present on appeal. Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(1). In light of the information provided by petitioner in his motion for leave to appeal IFP (Filing No. 44), and pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 24(a), the Court concludes that petitioner may proceed IFP on appeal. III. Request for Certificate of Appealability Before a petitioner may appeal the dismissal of a petition for writ of habeas corpus, a "Certificate of Appealability" must issue. Pursuant to the Antiterrorism and -2- Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"), the right to appeal such a dismissal is governed by 28 U.S.C. 2253(c), which states: (c)(1) Unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability, an appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from -- (A) the final order in a habeas corpus proceeding in which the detention complained of arises out of process issued by a State court; ... (2) A certificate of appealability may issue under paragraph (1) only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. (3) The certificate of appealability under paragraph (1) shall indicate which specific issue or issues satisfy the showing required by paragraph (2).1 A certificate of appealability may issue only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. See 28 U.S.C. 2253(c)(2). Such a showing requires a demonstration "that reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition Similarly, Fed. R. App. P. 22(b), as amended by AEDPA, indicates that in an action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254, a notice of appeal triggers the requirement that the district judge who rendered the judgment either issue a certificate of appealability or state the reasons why such a certificate should not issue. See generally Tiedeman v. Benson, 122 F.3d 518, 521 (8th Cir. 1997). -3- 1 should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000) (internal quotation marks omitted) (citing Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 894 (1983) (defining pre-AEDPA standard for a certificate of probable cause to appeal)). "Where a district court has rejected the constitutional claims on the merits, the showing required to satisfy 2253(c) is straightforward: The petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong." at 484. Slack, 529 U.S. Similarly, if the district court denies a petition for writ of habeas corpus on procedural grounds without reaching the underlying constitutional claims on the merits: [A Certificate of Appealability] should issue when the prisoner shows, at least, that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right and . . . would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling . . . . Where a plain procedural bar is present and the district court is correct to invoke it to dispose of the case, a reasonable jurist could not conclude either that the district court erred in dismissing the petition or that the petitioner should be allowed to proceed -4- further. In such a circumstance, no appeal would be warranted. Id. The Court has carefully reviewed the record and petitioner's brief in support of a request for certificate of appealability (Filing No. 45). Petitioner has failed to demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find this Court's ruling debatable or wrong. For the reasons stated in its September 1, 2010, memorandum and order (Filing No. 34), the Court declines to issue a certificate of appealability. IT IS ORDERED: 1. Petitioner's motion for leave to appeal IFP (Filing No. 44) is granted. 2. Petitioner's request for a certificate of appealability is denied without prejudice to reassertion before the Eighth Circuit. 3. The clerk of the court shall provide the Court of Appeals a copy of this memorandum and order. DATED this 29th day of October, 2010. BY THE COURT: /s/ Lyle E. Strom ____________________________ LYLE E. STROM, Senior Judge United States District Court * This opinion may contain hyperlinks to other documents or Web sites. The U.S. District Court for the District of Nebraska does not endorse, recommend, approve, or guarantee any third parties or the services or products they provide on their Web sites. Likewise, the Court has no agreements with any of these third parties or their Web sites. The Court accepts no responsibility for the availability or functionality of any hyperlink. Thus, the fact that a hyperlink ceases to work or directs the user to some other site does not affect the opinion of the Court. -5-

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