Burton v. Frakes
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE. The Petitioner shall have until 3/3/2017 to show cause why his § 2254 Petition should not be dismissed as time-barred. Ordered by Judge Robert F. Rossiter, Jr. (JSF)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE
This matter is before the Court on the Petition of Karnell Burton (“Burton”) for a
Writ of Habeas Corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Filing No. 1). Based on the Petition,
Answer (Filing No. 18), and procedural history, it appears the § 2254 Petition is
untimely. For the reasons stated below, Karnell Burton is ordered to show cause why his
Petition should not be dismissed under the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty
Act’s (“AEDPA”) statute of limitations. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1).
Burton was convicted at trial in state court of manslaughter, attempted second-
degree murder, use of a deadly weapon to commit a felony, and first-degree assault. He
was sentenced to a combined term of 80 to 130 years in prison. On direct appeal, the
Nebraska Supreme Court affirmed Burton’s conviction and sentence on September 2,
Burton moved for post-conviction relief in state district court on August 27, 2012.
The state district court denied relief, and the Nebraska Court of Appeals dismissed the
appeal for failure to pay the filing fee. After Burton’s motion to reinstate his postconviction appeal, the Nebraska Court of Appeals affirmed the state district court’s denial
The Nebraska Supreme Court denied a request for further review on
September 28, 2015.
Burton filed his Petition on November 13, 2015. The State of Nebraska (“State”)
filed an Answer to the Petition on May 2, 2016. The State did not mention the statute of
limitations anywhere in the Answer or its supporting briefs.
AEDPA sets a one year period of limitation for a habeas petition, which begins on
the date which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review. Id. The
time during which a state post-conviction review is pending does not count toward the
period. Id. at § 2244(d)(2). State post-conviction review ends after the State’s highest
court has either denied review or ruled on the matter, and the clock is not affected by the
petitioner seeking certiorari or by the time period in which a prisoner could seek a writ of
certiorari. Lawrence v. Florida, 549 U.S. 327, 333 (2007).
A district court may raise the AEDPA time bar sua sponte even when the state
failed to include the affirmative defense in its answer to the petition. Day v. McDonough,
547 U.S. 198, 209 (2006).
Burton’s judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review when the
Nebraska Supreme Court affirmed his conviction on September 2, 2011. Burton filed a
motion for post-conviction relief in state court on August 27, 2012, which is 360 days
after his judgment became final. Although the limitation period was pending during his
attempt at post-conviction relief, the period began to run again upon the Nebraska
Supreme Court’s denial of further review on September 25, 2015. Burton filed his
Petition on November 13, 2015, which was forty-nine days after the period began to run
for the second time. When added to the previously acquired 360 days, this creates a time
period of more than one year between the final judgment and the Petition.
Thus, the Petition is time-barred, unless Burton shows cause why the limitations
period should not apply. Burton shall have until March 3, 2017, to show cause why his
§ 2254 Petition should not be dismissed as time-barred.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 13th day of February, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Robert F. Rossiter, Jr.
United States District Judge
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