Swift v. Huber et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER - This case is dismissed without prejudice to reassertion of a petition or complaint filed by Arnetta Swift or by an attorney on her behalf. The court will enter judgment by a separate document. Ordered by Judge John M. Gerrard. (Copy mailed to pro se party)(GJG)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
CHARLES SWIFT, OBO his wife
HUBER, Judge of Douglas County
Nebraska County Court, TIM
DUNNING, Sheriff of Douglas
County Nebraska, and FOXALL,
Director of Douglas County
Correctional Center (DCCC),
Charles Swift (“Swift”) submitted to this court a “habeas petition or 1983 in
alternative.” (Filing No. 1.) The document is signed by Swift and filed on behalf of
his wife, Arnetta Swift. The documents attached to Swift’s pleading reflect Arnetta
Swift is incarcerated in the Douglas County Jail. When liberally construed, Swift’s
pleading seeks his wife’s release from incarceration. This is a problem for two
First, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11(a) requires that all pro se parties to a
case sign every pleading, written motion, and other paper that they submit to the court.
Rule 11(a) helps to ensure that pro se parties consent to the filing of documents on
their behalf. See United States v. Brenton, No. 8:04CR262, 2007 WL 3124539, at
*1-2 (D. Neb. Oct. 23, 2007) (discussing Johnson v. O’Donnell, No. 01-C-0257-C,
2001 WL 34372892 (W.D. Wis. Aug. 24, 2001)).
Second, it is improper for a non-lawyer to sign papers in place of, or to
otherwise represent, parties other than themselves. See id. at *1 (citing 5A C. Wright
& A. Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure § 1333, at 513 & n.15 (2004)).
Swift may not represent his wife in federal litigation and he may not sign
documents on her behalf. If Arnetta Swift seeks release from custody, she must file
such a request herself or through an attorney.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that: This case is dismissed without prejudice
to reassertion of a petition or complaint filed by Arnetta Swift or by an attorney on her
behalf. The court will enter judgment by a separate document.
DATED this 12th day of February, 2016.
BY THE COURT:
s/ John M. Gerrard
United States District Judge
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