McGowan v. Rite-Style Optical Co. et al
PROTECTIVE ORDER. Ordered by Magistrate Judge Susan M. Bazis. (MBM)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
ROBERT P. MCGOWAN,
RITE-STYLE OPTICAL CO., and,
THE WALMAN OPTICAL COMPANY,
Case No. 8:17-cv-00042-JMG-SMB
This matter comes before the Court on Joint Motion for Entry of Protective Order (Filing
No. 25) pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c). Having reviewed the same, the Court
finds that a Protective Order should be entered and that the parties’ discovery activities should be
governed as follows:
This Protective Order governs the handling of designated discovery material
produced by the parties, as well as documents and information provided by non-parties.
Discovery material includes documents, interrogatory answers, responses to requests for
production, responses to requests for admission, deposition testimony, and other written,
recorded, or graphic matter produced by the parties or non-parties.
For purposes of this
Protective Order, “Confidential Information” includes: (a) any and all of Defendant The Walman
Optical Company’s trade secrets or other confidential research, development, sales strategies and
tactics, commercial or financial information; (b) Defendant The Walman Optical Company’s
confidential client information; (c) personnel documents containing personal health information
of non-party individuals; d) investigative and disciplinary files of non-party individuals; (e)
salary and benefit data of non-party individuals; (f) all office notes, medical records and reports,
correspondence or other records or documents by Plaintiff’s health care providers, including
mental health care providers, who have treated Plaintiff prior to or after the alleged incidents
herein; (g) Plaintiff’s confidential financial information and documents, and (h) documents,
materials or information that are subject to any other protective order or agreement,
confidentiality order or agreement, or any other order, ruling, or agreement preventing or
limiting the disclosure of those documents, materials, or information.
A Party is prohibited from making copies of any Confidential Information, or
portion thereof, except for use in this litigation. Confidential Information shall be held in strictest
confidence, shall be kept securely, and shall be used solely for the purpose of prosecution or defense
of this litigation and not for any other purpose. As used herein the term “disclosing party” shall
refer to the party designating documents or information confidential or protected. The term
“non-disclosing party” shall refer to the party receiving the documents or information designated
as confidential or protected.
A Party may designate as Confidential Information any document, writing,
transcript, or other information produced through formal or informal discovery or otherwise in
the course of this litigation, whether produced by a party to this action or by a non-party, by
stamping the word “CONFIDENTIAL.” Only materials of a sort described in paragraph 1 may
be designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such designation shall be made in good faith. Without
more, a designation as “CONFIDENTIAL” shall subject the information produced to the
provisions of this Protective Order.
Portions of any transcript mentioning, quoting, or referring to Confidential
Information may be designated “CONFIDENTIAL” when the deposition is taken or within thirty
(30) business days after the receipt of the transcript. Until the expiration of the 30-day period of
time to make “CONFIDENTIAL” designations, the entire transcript shall be treated as confidential.
Confidential Information shall be made available only to “Qualified Persons.” No
other person shall have access to Confidential Information without approval of the disclosing
party or without approval of the Court, nor shall any such other person be informed of such
Confidential Information by any person having access to it. “Qualified Persons” as used herein
means: (a) counsel for the parties, and their co-counsel, partners, associates, and employees who
actually are assisting in the litigation; (b) experts and consultants retained or employed to consult
with, advise, or assist counsel in the preparation or trial of this action; (c) the parties; (d) the
Court and officers of the Court in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 10; (e) Court
reporters who take and transcribe testimony; (f) deposition witnesses in accordance with the
provisions of this paragraph; and (g) any mediator retained by the parties in an effort to mediate
or settle the claims in this action. Confidential Information may be made available to any
deposition witness, but only during his/her deposition and after he/she has read and agreed on the
record to be bound by the provisions of this Protective Order as set forth above. In addition, any
deposition witness will not be permitted to retain copies of any Confidential Information at the
conclusion of any deposition.
The non-disclosing party shall be responsible for limiting distribution of
Confidential Information to those persons who: (i) have a need to know the information; and (ii)
are otherwise authorized to receive the information under this Protective Order. The nondisclosing party shall be prepared to account for the disposition and use of Confidential
Information by those persons. Qualified Persons who testify at a deposition and who receive
Confidential Information shall be advised that they must not reveal or discuss Confidential
Information to or with any person who is not a Qualified Person under this Protective Order.
If a disclosing party, through inadvertence produces or provides discovery of any
“CONFIDENTIAL” as provided for in this Protective Order, the disclosing party may give
written notice to the non-disclosing party that the document, thing, or other information,
response, or testimony is Confidential Information and should be treated as Confidential
Information in accordance with the provisions of this Protective Order. The non-disclosing party
must treat such documents, things, information, responses, and testimony as Confidential
Information from the date such notice is received, subject to the provisions of paragraphs 3, 4,
and 5. Disclosure of such documents, things, information, responses, or testimony prior to
receipt of such notice to persons not authorized to receive Confidential Information shall not be
deemed a violation of this Protective Order; however, upon receipt of such notice, the nondisclosing party shall promptly retrieve all such Confidential Information disclosed to anyone
who is not entitled to access to Confidential Information under this Protective Order, and absent
a challenge to the designation of such Confidential Information, destroy said Confidential
Information and notify the disclosing party that all such Confidential Information has been
retrieved and/or destroyed.
Nothing herein shall preclude a party from seeking relief from the protections
provided by this Protective Order or from challenging the designation of any document as
“CONFIDENTIAL” on such notice as appropriate under the circumstances, or seeking such
other relief as may be appropriate. Any party hereto may apply to the Court by motion for
modification of or release from this Protective Order.
Should counsel for the non-disclosing party object to the designation by the disclosing
party of any particular material as “CONFIDENTIAL” such counsel at any time may notify
counsel for the disclosing party in writing that he or she objects to the designation, specifying
with particularity the material he or she believes has been improperly classified and the basis for
his or her contention that said document should not be designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Upon
receipt by the disclosing party of such written objection, counsel shall negotiate and attempt in
good faith to resolve the dispute as to the designation. If counsel are unable to resolve such a
dispute, then counsel for the disclosing party may file with the Court a motion regarding the
designation of such material as “CONFIDENTIAL.” If counsel for the disclosing party does not
file such a motion within 30 days of service of said objection, the documents at issue will no
longer be considered Confidential Information. Otherwise, during the pendency of any such
objection, dispute, or motion, the material in question shall remain Confidential Information and
be handled in accordance with the terms of this Protective Order.
Without losing the confidentiality of any Confidential Information, any material
stamped “CONFIDENTIAL” under this Protective Order may be redacted so as to eliminate the
stamp before the material is shown to the jury. Confidential Information used as exhibits at trial
shall otherwise be handled in accordance with the requirements and procedures of the Court.
Failure to so designate any document or thing shall not constitute a waiver of any claim outside
this litigation that such document or thing contains confidential information. Prior to any trial in
this case, counsel for the parties shall endeavor to reach agreement on the handling of
confidential material at that trial, so as to provide the maximum protection possible against
public disclosure without in any way infringing on the rights of all parties to present all evidence
they deem necessary at such trial.
At the conclusion of this case, all Confidential Information (and copies thereof) in
the possession, custody, or control of a recipient party and the recipient party’s attorneys must be
(a) destroyed; or (b) maintained in the possession, custody, or control of the recipient party’s
attorneys and withheld from all other persons. That Confidential Information must be maintained
in the regular course of business and in accordance with the recipient party’s attorneys’
document retention policies and practices. In addition, the Clerk may return to counsel or
destroy any sealed material in its possession upon such time as all proceedings are complete,
including any final appeals. Should a non-disclosing party become subject to a motion to
disclose information designated “confidential” pursuant to this order, they shall promptly notify
the disclosing party of the motion so that the disclosing party may have an opportunity to appear
and be heard on whether that information should be disclosed. Nothing contained in this
Protective Order, nor any action taken in compliance with it, shall operate as an admission by
any party that any particular document or information is, or is not: (a) relevant to the issues
involved in this litigation; (b) properly produced or subject to production during discovery; (c)
admissible in evidence at the trial of this action; (d) subject to a claim of privilege; or (e) any
other recognized objection to discovery.
Non-waiver of privilege for inadvertently disclosed materials: The inadvertent
disclosure of any document that is subject to a legitimate claim that the document is subject to the
attorney-client privilege or the work-product protection shall not waive the protection or the privilege
for either that document or for the subject matter of that document.
Return of inadvertently disclosed materials: Except in the event that the requesting
party disputes the claim, any documents the producing party deems to have been inadvertently
disclosed and to be subject to the attorney-client privilege or the work-product protection shall be,
upon written request, promptly returned to the producing party, or destroyed, at that party’s option.
If the claim is disputed, a single copy of the materials may be retained by the requesting party for
the exclusive purpose of seeking judicial determination of the matter.
No part of the restrictions imposed by this Protective Order may be terminated,
except by a writing executed by counsel of record for all parties or by an order of the Court.
Nothing herein shall be deemed to restrict any parties or their counsel with respect
to their own documents or information. Failure to enforce any term of this Protective Order shall
not constitute a waiver of any rights or deprive the disclosing party of the right to insist thereafter
upon strict adherence to that or any other term of this Protective Order, nor shall a waiver of any
breach of this Protective Order constitute a waiver of any preceding or succeeding breach. No
waiver of a right under any provision of this Protective Order shall occur except as provided in
this document. Further, nothing herein shall restrict the parties in any way from seeking stricter
protections or refusing production of a document because the protections afforded hereunder are
insufficient in one or more ways or from seeking to modify this Protective Order, by way of
motion or otherwise, or from seeking further and/or additional protections from the Court
regarding Confidential Information.
This Order shall survive the final conclusion of the action, and this Court retains
jurisdiction of the parties hereto indefinitely as to any dispute between them regarding improper
use of Confidential Information pursuant to this Order.
DATED this 20th day of July, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Susan M. Bazis
United States Magistrate Judge
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