Buc-ee's, Ltd. v. Bucks, Inc.
STIPULATED ORDER REGARDING E-DISCOVERY that the Stipulation and Joint Motion for Order Regarding E-Discovery (Filing No. 102 ) is granted, and the following Stipulated Order shall apply. Ordered by Magistrate Judge Michael D. Nelson. (LAC)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
BUCKS, INC., d/b/a
This matter is before the Court on the parties’ Stipulation and Joint Motion for Order
Regarding E-Discovery (Filing No. 102).
The parties have agreed to certain terms and
production protocol governing the production of Electronically Stored Information in this case.
The Court finds that the Stipulation should be entered. Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED: the Stipulation and Joint Motion for Order Regarding E-Discovery
(Filing No. 102) is granted, and the following Stipulated Order shall apply:
1. This Order supplements all other discovery rules and orders. It streamlines production of
Electronically Stored Information (“ESI”) to promote a “just, speedy, and inexpensive
determination” of this action, as required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 1 and to
incentivize narrowly-tailored discovery efforts proportionate to this dispute.
2. The parties may agree in writing to jointly modify the terms of this Order. If the parties
cannot resolve their disagreements regarding any modifications, the parties shall submit
their competing proposals and a summary of their dispute to the Court.
3. A party’s meaningful compliance with this Order and efforts to promote efficiency and
reduce costs will be considered in cost shifting determinations.
4. Except as provided in paragraph 5, general ESI production requests under Federal Rules
of Civil Procedure 34 and 45 shall not include email or other forms of electronic
correspondence (collectively “email”). To obtain email, parties must propound specific
5. Email production requests shall identify the custodian, search terms, and timeframe. The
parties shall cooperate to identify the proper custodians, proper search terms, and proper
6. With respect to all ESI production requests, including email production requests, each
requesting party shall limit its requests to a total of ten (10) custodians per producing
party for all requests. Each requesting party shall also limit all ESI production requests,
including email production requests, to a total of fifteen (15) search terms per custodian
7. Nothing in this Order shall limit the duty of each party to produce known ESI
information that is responsive and relevant to specific discovery requests.
8. Indiscriminate terms, such as the producing party’s name or its product/service name, are
inappropriate unless combined with narrowing search criteria that sufficiently reduce the
risk of overproduction. A conjunctive combination of multiple words or phrases (e.g.,
“computer” and “system”) narrows the search and shall count as a single search term. A
disjunctive combination of multiple words or phrases (e.g., “computer” or “system”)
broadens the search, and thus each word or phrase shall count as a separate search term
unless they are variants of the same word. Use of narrowing search criteria (e.g., "and,"
"but not," "w/x") is encouraged.
9. Nothing in this Order alters any party’s right to object to and/or deny discovery and/or
production of information as allowed under the Rules of Civil Procedure and Evidence.
10. The production protocol is attached hereto as Exhibit 1 and incorporated herein.
Dated this 29th day of November, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Michael D. Nelson
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
CIVIL ACTION No. 8:17-CV-00287
Jury Trial Demanded
BUCKS, INC., d/b/a BUCKY’S, and
Plaintiff Buc-ee’s, Ltd. and Defendants Bucks, Inc., d/b/a Bucky’s, and Steven
Buchanan (collectively, “the parties”) agree as follows for the disclosure or discovery of paper
documents (“documents”) and electronically stored information (“ESI”).
The parties agree to produce documents and ESI in electronic format as single
page tiffs utilizing Group 4 compression with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, or, if necessary
to retain color content of the document, as JPEG images utilizing high quality JPEG compression
with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Documents that originate in hard copy format shall be
scanned and produced electronically as described in this paragraph. Documents that include
information to be redacted shall have any redacted material clearly labeled as having been
The parties will produce all documents and ESI with accompanying delimited
dat/metadata load files, and, if tiff or jpeg image format production files are included in the
production volume, the parties will also provide accompanying Opticon image load files that
identify document boundaries. Electronic production files, including the load files, must be
delivered to the requesting party on CD or DVD, or other electronic format or media of the type
readily accessible and viewable by a Windows-based personal computer (e.g., thumb drive, hard
drive, via FTP site, via secure file-sharing site, etc.). If physical media (e.g., not an FTP site) is
used, the case caption and the producing party shall be identified on each CD, DVD, hard drive,
or other media, along with the document production number range(s) corresponding to the
contents of each CD, DVD, hard drive, or other media.
Each electronic production file shall be named after the document production
number assigned to the corresponding document image or ESI. Buc-ee’s will produce with the
BUCEES_1234567. Defendants Bucks and Buchanan will produce with the letter prefix
“BUCKS_” followed by a seven-digit production number, e.g., BUCKS_1234567.
For documents or ESI produced as tiff or jpeg images, the production image file
name shall be the unique production number assigned to the document page. The production
number shall be a contiguous bates value assigned to each page and also appear in the lower
right hand corner in a manner that does not obscure any existing content present in the image.
The confidentiality designation (if any) shall appear in the lower left hand corner of each page of
the tiff or JPEG image in a manner that does not obscure anything present in the image. Image
files shall be grouped into separate folders, with each folder containing a maximum of 1000 tiff
or JPEG images produced, and separate folders for each document shall not be created.
A receiving party may request that a producing party produce specific documents
in native format for good cause. Upon such a request and showing of good cause, the parties will
meet and confer to discuss production in native or other alternative file format, including
production of additional metadata, with respect to the specific documents. If the parties cannot
resolve their disagreements, the requesting party shall motion the Court. The circulation of
documents produced in the native format which have been designated as “Confidential” shall be
limited to persons having access to “Attorneys’ Eyes Only” information.
If producing native files or emails produced in HTM/HTML format, the
production file name shall include the unique production number assigned to the file as set forth
above and the confidentiality designation (if any). With respect to the confidentiality designation,
“CONF” shall mean “Confidential” and “AEO” shall mean “Attorneys Eyes Only.” For example,
BUCKS_1234567_CONF.xls; whereas .xls and .docx are hypothetical file extensions of natively
produced electronic files. All native files produced, other than emails produced in HTM/HTML
format, shall retain their original file extensions, unless a party determines that a native file has
the wrong extension or no extension, in which case the party must correct the extension or add
the appropriate extension. Native files or emails produced in HTM/HTML format shall be
grouped into separate folders, with each folder containing a maximum of 1000 native files or
HTM/HTML emails produced, and separate folders for each native file or HTM/HTML email
file shall not be created. A placeholder image shall not be provided in tandem with a natively
produced file or HTM/HTML email file, except when a placeholder image may be needed to
indicate that a native or HTM/HTML email document was withheld (e.g., an email attachment
was withheld for privilege or other reasons, but the rest of the email family was produced).
The parties agree that all native production files (including HTM/HTML email
files) that are printed to a hard copy or printed or otherwise converted to a .pdf or other file type
for use in this litigation (e.g., at a deposition, attached to a Court filing, or at a hearing) will be
marked by the party preparing the printout with the unique production number assigned to the
file and the confidentiality designation (if any). The production number assigned to the native
file (e.g., BUCEES_1234567 or BUCKS_1234567) shall appear in the lower right hand corner of
the printout and the confidentiality designation (if any) shall appear in the lower left hand corner
of the page in a manner that does not obscure anything present in the printout. If the native
production file results in more than one page when printed out, the party must add a .1, .2, .3, etc.
immediately after the production number on each page. For example, for a native file produced
as BUCEES_1234567 that results in three pages when printed out, the printed pages would be
labeled BUCEES_1234567.1 on the first page, BUCEES_1234567.2 on the second page, and
BUCEES_1234567.3 on the third page.
The parties agree to provide extracted text and/or OCR text as follows. For ESI,
with the exception of ESI files produced as redacted image documents or for native ESI file
types that do not contain text (e.g., multimedia files), the parties will provide extracted text from
the native files (including native emails produced in HTM/HTML format). For documents and
ESI produced as tiff or JPEG images, including produced images containing redactions, OCR
text will be provided in multipage .txt format, structured in a folder separate from the image
files. The .txt files shall be grouped into separate folders, with each folder containing a maximum
of 1000 .txt files, and separate folders for each .txt file shall not be created. Each .txt file must be
named the same as the first page of its corresponding production document number.
For all documents and ESI, the parties agree to provide the following universal
fields as part of the metadata load file:
The beginning production number of a document
The ending production number of a document (can be left blank for native
The number of pages comprising a document (can be left blank or populated
with a 1 for native files)
The relative link to a native format file, or blank if a document/ESI file is
produced in image format
The relative link to an OCR or extracted text file, or blank if a document/ESI
file does not contain text
Additionally, for all ESI, regardless of whether it is produced in tiff or jpeg image
format or native format, the parties agree to provide the following fields as part of the metadata
load file, populated to the extent reasonably available/applicable:
The date an email, or attachment to an email, was sent.
The date an email, or attachment to an email, was received.
The date a non-email ESI document or an attachment to an email was last
The date a non-email ESI document or an attachment to an email was created.
The person(s) / email address(es) identified in the “from” field of an email
The person(s) / email address(es) identified in the “to” field of an email
The person(s) / email address(es) identified in the “cc” field of an email
The person(s) / email address(es) identified in the “bcc” field of an email
Additionally, for all ESI that is part of an attachment family (i.e., parents and
attachments), whether produced in tiff or jpeg image format or native format, in addition to the
universal fields listed above, the parties agree to provide the following fields as part of the
metadata load file:
Exemplary Field Name
First page number of the parent document of the family
Last page number of the last child attachment of the family
The BegAttach and EndAttach fields dictate that individual members of a family
of documents must be produced in their natural contiguous order (i.e., a parent document
followed directly by its children documents).
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