Farm Credit Services of America, FLCA v. Tifft
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER - The Unopposed Motion for Protective Order (Filing No. 22 ) is granted. Ordered by Magistrate Judge Michael D. Nelson. (LAC)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA
FARM CREDIT SERVICES OF AMERICA,
This matter is before the Court on the Unopposed Motion for Protective Order (Filing
No. 22) filed by the Plaintiff. The parties have agreed to a Stipulated Protective Order regarding
production of documents. Upon review of the Stipulated Protective Order, the Court finds it
should be entered. Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED: The Unopposed Motion for Protective Order (Filing No. 22) is
granted, and the parties’ Stipulated Protective Order is entered as follows:
Limitations under this Protective Order on the use or disclosure of
documents, deposition testimony or other discovery designated as “Confidential” shall apply to
(a) all information, copies, extracts and complete or partial summaries prepared or derived from
such documents or testimony; (b) portions of deposition transcripts, answers to interrogatories,
responses to requests for admissions, responses to requests for production, initial disclosures and
exhibits thereto which directly refer or directly relate to any such information, documents, copies,
extracts or summaries; and (c) portions of briefs, memoranda or any other writing filed with the
Court and exhibits thereto which directly relate to any such information, documents, copies, extracts
“Confidential Material” or “Confidential Documents” shall mean all documents,
material, and information entitled to protection under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c) and
designated pursuant to paragraph 2 hereof, including, but not limited to,
interrogatory answers, documents produced during discovery by any party in this
action, whether produced voluntarily, in response to an informal request, pursuant to
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c) or in response to a formal discovery request, or pursuant to the
order of a court of competent jurisdiction, deposition testimony and/or transcripts,
and any portions of any pleadings or other court papers that quote from or
summarize any of the foregoing.
“Requesting Party” shall mean any party requesting documents or information
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c), conducting a deposition pursuant to Fed. R. Civ.
P. 30 and 31, propounding interrogatories pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 33,
requesting the production of documents pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 34 or pursuant
to a subpoena duces tecum served upon any person or entity in this proceeding,
and/or otherwise seeking discovery herein.
“Producing Party” shall mean any person or entity on whom a discovery request, in
whatever form, has been propounded in this action.
Before produced documents are copied or
inspected, the producing party may stamp as “Confidential” any document or deposition testimony
it believes contains confidential or proprietary business information, information concerning nonparties or subject to privacy rights, including without limitation, HIPAA protected or medical
information, and/or trade secrets in order to limit disclosure as set forth in this Paragraph 2.
Documents may also be designated as “Confidential” by written notice to opposing counsel which
identifies the documents so designated by Bates number. The parties may further restrict such
designations for proprietary/trade secret information as “Confidential for Attorney Eyes Only” in
which case only attorneys may have copies of the documents and may not provide copies to any
third party or their client except upon order of the Court or written permission of the producing
party. The attorney may, however, review the documents marked “Confidential for Attorney Eyes
Only” with their client, in person so long as counsel is present with the party during any such
review. Documents designated “Confidential,” deposition testimony so designated, and information
derived therefrom will be retained by counsel and will not be used for any purpose other than this
litigation and will not be disclosed except pursuant to court order entered after notice, to anyone
Counsel who have signed this Order approving it as to form and content, attorneys
who are employed or are members of the law firms or counsel who have signed this
Order, in house counsel, law clerks, secretaries or paralegals directly involved in the
conduct of this litigation;
Experts and consultants (or any employee of such outside expert or consultant)
retained, or sought to be retained by counsel by either of the parties for purposes of
assisting in the preparation or presentation of claims or defenses. for purposes of
consulting, and/or testifying in this Proceeding, and to whom counsel in good faith
has deemed disclosure of such “Confidential” material is reasonably necessary in
order to assist in the preparation or the conduct of this Proceeding. This paragraph
shall not relieve, change or otherwise affect any obligations or limitations imposed
on any person by contract or law regarding disclosure or use of trade secrets or other
confidential or propriety information.
Any deposition or trial witness, during the course of deposition or trial testimony or
preparation for a deposition or trial testimony, when necessary to the testimony of
Outside photocopying, data processing, graphical production services, or any
other third-party litigation support vendor employed by the parties or their
counsel to assist in this Proceeding.
Any person who was involved in the preparation of the document;
The Court, Court personnel, court reporters, jurors and similar personnel;
The named parties to this case, excluding their agents and/or representatives except
those identified at Paragraph 2(a) above.
Any other person with the prior written consent of the party producing the
document, pleading or deposition testimony.
Prior to receiving or being shown such documents or deposition testimony, persons falling
in the categories listed above in subparagraphs (b), (c), (d), (g) and (h) shall be shown a copy of, and
shall agree in writing, or on the record during trial or deposition, to be bound by the terms of this
Protective Order. During a deposition, any party asserting confidentiality of any of its documents
shall ask the deponent on the record to accept the terms of this Order. If the deponent refuses to
assent, disclosure of the documents during deposition shall not constitute a waiver of
confidentiality. Under such circumstances, the witness shall sign the original deposition transcript
in the presence of the court reporter and no copy of the transcript or exhibits shall be given to the
DOCUMENTS ALREADY PRODUCED. Any documents previously produced
with the designation “Confidential” or “Subject to Protective Order” automatically shall be subject
to this Order. For any documents previously produced that were not so marked, within ten days of
the entry of this Order, any party may inform the party to whom documents have been produced that
it considers certain documents already produced as being subject to this Order as “Confidential.”
THIRD PARTY WITNESSES. A copy of this Protective Order shall be served with
a subpoena or Notice of Deposition on each third party deponent. A third party witness may
designate a document as “Confidential” pursuant to this Order by stamping it with such notice prior
to production or so identifying it on the record during the deposition of that third party. Either party
may also designate documents produced by a third party as being “Confidential” pursuant to the
terms of this Order within ten (10) days of being made aware of the content of such documents.
Any document produced by a third party shall be treated as “Confidential” pursuant to the terms of
this Order for such ten (10) day period and thereafter if designated as “Confidential” by either party
or by the third party which produces it. The “Confidential” restrictions of this Order shall no longer
apply to any document produced by a third party which has not been designated as “Confidential”
by the third party or by a party within such ten (10) day period.
CHALLENGE TO DESIGNATION. Any party may challenge the “Confidential”
designation of any document, by notifying all interested parties and providing the producing party
thirty (30) days in which to move the Court for an Order preventing or limiting disclosure. The
burden of establishing that the document or information is Confidential under the protective
order is on the producing party.
The parties shall in good faith attempt to resolve such
disagreement before submitting it to the Court. If the producing party files such a motion within
such time, the documents shall continue to be treated as “Confidential” pursuant to the terms of this
Order until such time as the Court has made a ruling with respect to the motion. If no motion is
filed within that time (or such other time frame as the parties may agree) the “Confidential”
restriction of this Order shall no longer apply to such document.
RETURN OF DOCUMENTS. Within sixty (60) business days after the final
resolution of this litigation, including all appeals, all Confidential Information shall be returned to
counsel for the party or non-party that produced it, or shall be destroyed. As to those materials that
contain or reflect Confidential Information, but that constitute or reflect counsel’s work product,
counsel of record for the parties, or non-parties, shall be entitled to retain such work product in their
files in accordance with the provisions of this Order, so long as they are clearly marked to reflect
that they contain information subject to this Order and may not be used in connection with any other
proceeding or action.
USE OF DOCUMENTS. Documents produced by any party, including, but not
limited to, “Confidential” documents and information from any documents acquired in discovery in
this litigation shall not be used for any purpose except in connection with this litigation pending in
the United States District Court for the District of Nebraska, Case No. 8:18-cv-80, titled Farm
Credit Services of America, FLCA v. Nicole Tifft and shall not be used for any business,
competitive, personal, private, public or other purpose. Nothing in this Order shall limit any party
or person in its use of its own documents or from disclosing its own documents and information.
This Order or production of any documents shall not affect the admissibility of any such document
or be deemed a waiver of any objection to the admissibility of such documents. Nothing contained
in this Order shall affect the right, if any, of any party or witness to make any other type of
objection, claim, or other response to discovery requests, including, without limitation,
interrogatories, requests for admission, requests for production of documents or questions at a
deposition. Nor shall this Order be construed as a waiver by any party of any legally cognizable
privileges to withhold any Confidential Information other than on a basis that it has been designated
Confidential, or of any right which any party may have to assert such privilege at any stage of this
EXCEPTIONS. The restrictions embodied in this Order shall be binding on the
party to whom “Confidential” information is disclosed unless and until there is a showing that:
Such information was or has become public knowledge absent a breach of this
Protective Order; or
The party to whom such disclosure was made had already learned such information
from a third party who himself has not breached any confidential relationship which
may have existed or exists between such third party and the party making the
PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION
The parties acknowledge that some of the information produced in this case may include
protected health information within the meaning of HIPAA.
Consistent with 45 C.F.R. §
Counsel and the party seeking protected health information shall not use or
disclose the protected health information for any purpose other than the litigation
or proceeding for which such information has been requested.
Counsel and the party requesting the protected health information shall return or
destroy the protected health information (including all copies made) at the end of
the litigation or proceeding.
Counsel and the party requesting protected health information shall request, use
and disclose only the minimum necessary protected health information to conduct
the litigation or proceeding.
Any information or documentation that falls within the meaning and protection of
HIPAA need not be designated or stamped as “Confidential.” Rather, the parties
agree that any such information or documentation will automatically be treated as
FILING UNDER SEAL WITH THE COURT. The parties shall follow Local
Rule 7.5 with respect to filing items subject to protective order under seal.
DEPOSITION TESTIMONY. Information disclosed at depositions taken in the
Action may be designated as Confidential Material by the party disclosing such information by
indicating on the record at the deposition that the testimony contains Confidential Material or by
providing written notice to opposing counsel of the intent to designate such information as
confidential within fourteen (14) days of receiving the transcript of the deposition. The
designated testimony shall be marked as confidential and sealed by the court reporter and treated
as Confidential Material under the terms of this Order. Furthermore, during the fourteen (14) day
period after receiving the transcript, all parties shall treat the depositions as confidential before
any such designation.
NON-EXCLUSIVITY. This Order does not affect the right of a party to seek to
compel disclosure or production of a document or to seek an order modifying or limiting this Order
in any aspect. The obligations and prohibitions under this Order are not exclusive. All other
ethical, legal and equitable obligations are unaffected by this agreement.
NO ADMISSION. A party’s compliance with the terms of this Order shall not
operate as an admission that any particular Document is not (1) confidential, (2) privileged, or (3)
admissible in evidence at trial.
WAIVER. Any waiver under this Order must be made in writing or, if at a
deposition or in Court, on the record.
ENFORCEMENT. Any party or person subject to the obligations and prohibitions
of this Order who is determined by the Court to have violated its terms is subject to sanctions
imposed by the Court pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
USE AT TRIAL. The use, rules, and procedures governing the use of
Confidential Information at trial shall be determined by the Court at the final pretrial conference.
APPLICATION TO OTHER COURT. If another Court or an administrative
agency subpoenas or orders production of stamped “Confidential” documents which a party has
obtained under the terms of this Order, such party shall promptly notify the designating party of
the pending of such subpoena or order. The subpoenaed party, absent other controlling law, will
not make such documents or information available until at least fourteen (14) calendar days after
the producing party has been notified of the request, subpoena or order. However, this provision
in no way imposes any obligation on the subpoenaed party to file anything to protect disclosure
of the documents.
INADVERTENT DESIGNATION. A Producing Party that inadvertently fails to
designate discovery material as “Confidential” or mis-designates discovery material as
“Confidential” pursuant to this Order at the time of its production shall be entitled to make a
correction to its designation within a reasonable time of the discovery of the non- or misdesignation. Such correction and notice thereof shall be made in writing accompanied by
substitute copies of each item of discovery material, appropriately designated. Those individuals
who received the discovery material prior to notice of non- or mis-designation by the Producing
Party shall within five (5) days of receipt of substitute copies, take reasonable steps to destroy or
return to the law firm representing Producing Party all copies of such mis-designated documents.
The obligation to treat such material pursuant to the corrected designation shall be prospective
only, and those individuals who reviewed the mis-designated discovery material prior to notice
of the mis-designation by the Producing Party shall abide by the provisions of this Order with
respect to all future use and disclosure of any information contained in the mis-designated
INADVERTENT DISCLOSURE OF PRIVILEGED INFORMATION.
parties agree to and the Court orders protection of privileged and otherwise protected Documents
against claims of waiver (including as against third parties and in other federal and state
proceedings) as follows:
The disclosure or production of Documents by a Producing Party subject to a
legally recognized claim of privilege, including without limitation the attorneyclient privilege and the work-product doctrine, to a Receiving Party, shall in no
way constitute the voluntary disclosure of such Document.
The inadvertent disclosure or production of any Document in this action shall not
result in the waiver of any privilege, evidentiary protection or other protection
associated with such Document as to the Receiving Party or any third parties, and
shall not result in any waiver, including subject matter waiver, of any kind.
If, during the course of this litigation, a party determines that any Document
produced by another party is or may reasonably be subject to a legally
recognizable privilege or evidentiary protection (“Protected Document”):
the Receiving Party shall: (A) refrain from reading the Protected
Document any more closely than is necessary to ascertain that it is
privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure;
immediately notify the Producing Party in writing that it has
discovered Documents believed to be privileged or protected; (C)
specifically identify the Protected Documents by Bates number
range or hash value, and, (D) within ten (10) days of discovery by
the Receiving Party, return, sequester, or destroy all copies of such
Protected Documents, along with any notes, abstracts or
compilations of the content thereof. To the extent that a Protected
Document has been loaded into a litigation review database under
the control of the Receiving Party, the Receiving Party shall have
all electronic copies of the Protected Document extracted from the
database. Where such Protected Documents cannot be destroyed
or separated, they shall not be reviewed, disclosed, or otherwise
used by the Receiving Party. Notwithstanding, the Receiving
Party is under no obligation to search or review the Producing
Party’s Documents to identify potentially privileged or work
product Protected Documents.
If the Producing Party intends to assert a claim of privilege or other
protection over Documents identified by the Receiving Party as
Protected Documents, the Producing Party will, within ten (10)
days of receiving the Receiving Party’s written notification
described above, inform the Receiving Party of such intention in
writing and shall provide the Receiving Party with a log for such
Protected Documents that is consistent with the requirements of
the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, setting forth the basis for the
claim of privilege or other protection. In the event that any portion
of a Protected Document does not contain privileged or protected
information, the Producing Party shall also provide to the
Receiving Party a redacted copy of the document that omits the
information that the Producing Party believes is subject to a claim
of privilege or other protection.
If, during the course of this litigation, a party determines it has produced a
the Producing Party may notify the Receiving Party of such
inadvertent production in writing, and demand the return of such
documents. Such notice shall be in writing; however, it may be
delivered orally on the record at a deposition, promptly followed
up in writing. The Producing Party’s written notice will identify
the Protected Document inadvertently produced by bates number
range or hash value, the privilege or protection claimed, and the
basis for the assertion of the privilege and shall provide the
Receiving Party with a log for such Protected Documents that is
consistent with the requirements of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, setting forth the basis for the claim of privilege or other
protection. In the event that any portion of the Protected
Document does not contain privileged or protected information,
the Producing Party shall also provide to the Receiving Party a
redacted copy of the Document that omits the information that the
Producing Party believes is subject to a claim of privilege or other
The Receiving Party must, within ten (10) days of receiving the
Producing Party’s written notification described above, return,
sequester, or destroy the Protected Document and any copies,
along with any notes, abstracts or compilations of the content
thereof. To the extent that a Protected Document has been loaded
into a litigation review database under the control of the Receiving
Party, the Receiving Party shall have all electronic copies of the
Protected Document extracted from the database.
To the extent that the information contained in a Protected Document has already
been used in or described in other documents generated or maintained by the
Receiving Party prior to the date of receipt of written notice by the Producing
Party as set forth in paragraphs (c)(ii) and d(i), then the Receiving Party shall
sequester such documents until the claim has been resolved. If the Receiving
Party disclosed the Protected Document before being notified of its inadvertent
production, it must take reasonable steps to retrieve it.
The Receiving Party’s return, sequestering or destruction of Protected Documents
as provided herein will not act as a waiver of the Requesting Party’s right to move
for the production of the returned, sequestered or destroyed documents on the
grounds that the documents are not, in fact, subject to a viable claim of privilege
or protection. However, the Receiving Party is prohibited and estopped from
the disclosure or production of the Protected Documents acts as a
waiver of an applicable privilege or evidentiary protection;
the disclosure of the Protected Documents was not inadvertent;
the Producing Party did not take reasonable steps to prevent the
disclosure of the Protected Documents; or
the Producing Party failed to take reasonable or timely steps to
rectify the error pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
26(b)(5)(B), or otherwise.
Either party may submit Protected Documents to the Court under seal for a
determination of the claim of privilege or other protection. The Producing Party
shall preserve the Protected Documents until such claim is resolved. The
Receiving Party may not use the Protected Documents for any purpose absent this
Upon a determination by the Court that the Protected Documents are protected by
the applicable privilege or evidentiary protection, and if the Protected Documents
have been sequestered rather than returned or destroyed by the Receiving Party,
the Protected Documents shall be returned or destroyed within 10 (ten) days of
the Court’s order. The Court may also order the identification by the Receiving
Party of Protected Documents by search terms or other means.
Nothing contained herein is intended to, or shall serve to limit a party’s
right to conduct a review of documents, data (including electronically
stored information) and other information, including without limitation,
metadata, for relevance, responsiveness and/or the segregation of
privileged and/or protected information before such information is
produced to another party.
To any extent duplicate copies of Confidential Documents or Confidential
Material are produced that include inconsistent designations of confidentiality, the
parties agree that the most stringent confidentiality designation in any copy
thereof shall be applied to all copies thereof.
TIMING AND DURATION OF ORDER. Once executed by all parties, the
Stipulation shall be by treated by the Parties as an Order of Court until it is formally approved by
the Court. Upon final resolution of this litigation (including conclusion of any appeal), this Order
shall remain in effect and continue to be binding, unless expressly modified, superseded, or
terminated by consent of all parties or by Order of the Court. This Court expressly retains
jurisdiction over this action for enforcement of the provision of this Order following the final
resolution of this litigation.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 13th day of March, 2018.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Michael D. Nelson
United States Magistrate Judge
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