St. Pierre et al v. Adams et al
ORDER: Defendants' Motion to Dismiss is Denied. Defendants are granted 30 days to notify the Court of their service of the suggestions of death upon Plaintiffs' successors or representatives. ( Notice due by 2/6/2009.) Signed by Judge Robert C. Jones on 01/05/09. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - SRK)
1 2 3 4 5 DAVID E. ST. PIERRE and 6 JOHN M. OLAH, 7 8 vs. Plaintiffs, ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 2:07-cv-0032-RCJ-LRL ORDER UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF NEVADA
9 IRA HOLLINGSWORTH and C/O MR. COLBERT, 10 Defendants. 11 12
On September 27, 2007, Plaintiffs, who were inmates at the Nevada Southern Desert
13 Correctional Center, commenced this action in forma pauperis and pro se, alleging that Defendants 14 violated their civil rights. See 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (#12). Pending before the Court is Defendants' 15 motion to dismiss upon the ground that Plaintiffs are deceased and no person has moved to substitute 16 for them. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(a). 17 Rule 25(a)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that if a party dies, unless
18 substitution is made within 90 days of the service of a suggestion of death, the action shall be 19 dismissed as to the deceased party. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(a)(1). The objective of the suggestion of 20 death set forth in Rule 25(a)(1) is to alert nonparties to the consequences of the death of a party in 21 a pending lawsuit so that they may act if they desire to preserve the decedent's claim. See Fariss v. 22 Lynchburg Foundry, 769 F.2d 958, 962 (4th Cir. 1985). The rule establishes a procedure that 23 protects those who have an interest in the litigation and the authority to act on behalf of the decedent 24 by permitting substitution for the deceased party without unduly burdening the surviving party. 25 Barlow v. Ground, 39 F.3d 231, 23334 (9th Cir. 1994).
The first step of this process is for a party to formally suggest the death of the party upon the
2 record. On August 12, 2008, Defendants notified the Court of Plaintiffs' death by filing notices of 3 suggestion of death upon the record. (#51, #52). 4 However, Defendants have failed to complete their obligation under Rule 25. Although
5 statements noting Plaintiffs' deaths were filed with the Court, there is no indication in the record that 6 those were also served on the deceaseds' representatives or successors, as required by Rule 25. The 7 Ninth Circuit has held that Rule 25 requires two steps to be performed to trigger the 90-day period: 8 9 10 11 [T]he rule requires two affirmative steps in order to trigger the running of the 90 day period. First, a party must formally suggest the death of the party upon the record. Second, the suggesting party must serve other parties and nonparty successors or representatives of the deceased with a suggestion of death in the same manner as required for service of the motion to substitute.
12 Barlow, 39 F.3d at 233 (nonparty successors or representatives of the deceased party must be served 13 the suggestion of death in the manner provided by Rule 4). 14 Since it appears that the decedents' successors or representatives have not been served, the
15 90-day period within which a substitution motion may be made or the action will be dismissed has 16 not been triggered yet. See id. at 23334. If Defendants have attempted to identify Plaintiffs' 17 successors or representatives, but have failed to ascertain any such persons, then Defendants should 18 submit an affidavit or declaration attesting to such efforts. At this time, the Court has received no 19 indication from Defendants whether Plaintiffs have any successors or representatives and whether 20 they were served, or whether Defendants have been unable to identify any successors or 21 representatives. Plaintiffs' death does not automatically terminate the Court's jurisdiction. See id. 22 at 235 (order dismissing under Rule 25 was reversed and case was remanded for motion to 23 substitute.). Defendants have yet to fully comply with their obligation under Rule 25. See Boyd v. 24 City of Oakland, 458 F.Supp.2d 1015, 1040 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 17, 2006) (denying motion to dismiss 25 Page 2 of 3
1 under Rule 25 for failure to provide the court with an assertion or evidence that they complied with 2 the notice requirements of Rule 25); U.S. v. Seventy-One Firearms, No. 3:04CV00402, 2006 WL 3 1983240, at #2 (D.Nev. July 13, 2006) (holding that Rule 25's 90-day filing period was not triggered 4 for failure to properly serve non-party representative in compliance with Rule 4). 5 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendants' motions to dismiss are DENIED. IT IS
6 FURTHER ORDERED that Defendants are granted thirty (30) days to notify the Court of their 7 service of the suggestions of death upon Plaintiffs' successors or representatives, or alternatively, 8 Defendants' unsuccessful efforts to identify Plaintiffs' successors or representatives. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 (bb) 25 Page 3 of 3 ______________________________________ Robert C. Jones United States District Judge Dated: January 5, 2009
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