Contreras v. Neven et al

Filing 25

ORDER Denying 6 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus. Clerk shall enter judgment for respondents and close this case. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY IS DENIED. Signed by Judge Robert C. Jones on 4/21/10. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - EDS)

Download PDF
. ' : 1 . l ; : k ' 7. ; ' .;' . . 1 .; : ! :!) JE 4 'j 2: ! .* y j . ' 1 2 3 4 5 , ' . : tt / . 6 7 UNITED STA TE S DI T R I T C O U R T S C DI T R I T O F NEVA D A S C 8 SERGI CONTRERAS, O 9 Pe ii n r tto e , 1 vs 0. l1 DW I HT NEVEN, laI, G c. 1 2 13 Re po de t. s n ns ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) / 2:7-v- 4l RCJG W F 0 c 1 8- ORDER 1 4 16 l7 Thi a ton i apr s peii n f rawrtofha ea c r usp r ua tt 28 U. . .j22 4,Gld s ci s o e tto o i b s op us n o SC 5e PR O C E D U R A L HISTOR Y On Janual 10,2005,i t e Ei ht J di i lD it i tCour,a s cond am e ded i f r aton was ' y n h g h u c a src te n no m i 15 by Ser i Conter s,aN evada sat prsoner. Thi case i bef r t ecour f rdeci i n on t e m crt . go ra te i s s oeh to so h is 18 fl d,char i g pettonerw ih one countofr bber wih t c us ofa deadl w eapon,t o count of ie gn ii t o y th e y w s 19 bater wih t e use of a deadl wcapon r s li g i bodiy har , and t o count of m alci us ty t h y e u tn n l m w s io 2 detu to ofprpet .( xhii4) OnJ nu r 1 ,20 5 peiine wasfundguit byaj r o al 0 sr cin o ry E bt . a ay 4 0 , tto r o l y uy f l 21 c un s ( xhi i 6 . On M a c l ,2 05,peiine wa s ntnc d t t e f lowi g:o Co ntl a o t. E bt ) rh 7 0 tto r s c e e o h o l n n u , 22 m axi um of156 m ont si t e Nevada Dcparm entofCor c tonswih a m i i um par l elgi iiy m h nh t rci t nm o e i b lt 23 of35m ont s,pl san equalandcons cutve t r ofam axi um of156m ont swih am i i um par l hu e i em m ht nm oe 24 elgi iiy of 35 m ont sf rt e us ofa dcadl w capon;on Count2,a m axi um of60 m ont si t e i b lt hoh e y m h nh 25 Nevada Deparm entofCor cctonsw ih am i i um par l elgi iiy of24 m ont st r n cons cutve t ri t nm o e i b lt h ou ei 26 t C ount 1,on Count3,a m a i um of 60 m ont s i t e N c ada Deparm entofCorectons wih a o ' xm h nh v t ri t 1 m i i um pa ol elg biiy of24 m o t s t r n c n ur e twih Count la d 2' nt4,1 m o t s nm r e i i lt nh ,o u o c rn t sn, Cou 2 nh 2 i t e Cl r Count Det nton Cent r t r n concur entw ih Count 1,2,3,and 4'on Count5,12 nh ak y ei e ou r t s , 3 m ont si t eCl r Count D et nton C e t rt r n concur entw ih C ount 1,2,3,and 4. Pe ii ner h nh ak y ei ne o u r t s tto 4 rc ie 3 3da scc ifrtmesr e .( x ii7) Thej dgme t c nvito wa tldo Mac e ev d 2 y rdt o i ev d E hb t . u n of o cin s ie n rh 5 2 ,20 5. ( xhi i 8 . 9 0 E bt ) 6 Pciine tldanote ofa pe l Mac 22, tto rie ie p a on rh 2005.( xhii9 .Peiin rsdrc a pcl at E bt ) tto e ' ie t p af s 7 ta k sae c twa fld on J l 1 ,2005.( xhi i 1 ) On J nua y30,2 06, hcNe a aSu rm e r c ttm n s ie uy 3 E bt 0 . ar 0t v d pe 8 Cour fl d isor e a fr i g i pat rve sngi pa t a dr m andngj dgm e t ( xhi i 1 ) The t ie t d r fim n n r, e r i n r, n e iu n . E bt 2 . 9 r ver aland r m and was f rt e pur ose of c r ectng t e alocaton of pettoner' cr di f r tm ed es e oh p or i h l i ii s e to i 1 s re .(d.a p.7) Re ittris e onFc ray24, 06.( xhii 1 . 0 ev d l , t . m tiu su d b u z 20 E bt 3) 11 Pettonertl d apos- onvi ton habeaspetton i t est t di ti tcour on Sept m ber5,2006. ii ie tc c i ii n h a e src t e l ( xhi i 1 ) The sae d src cou tde id t e pe ii n by wrte o de on De e b r 2 ,2006. 2 E bt 4. tt itit r n e h tto itn r r cm c 2 1 ( xhi i l ) Pcii n r fl d a n tc ofa pe lo J nua y l 2 07. ( x f i 17 . The Ne a a 3 E b t 6 . tto e ie o i e p a n a r 0, 0 E h bt ) vd 1 Sup e eCou tis e isor e ofa tr a c on J l 2 ,200 . ( xhi i 1 ) Re itm ris e on 4 rm r su d t d r fim n e u y 4 7 E b t 8 . m ti s u d l Augus 21 2007.( xhi i 1 . 5 t, E b t 9) 1 6 Th Cour r cei ed t e f der lhabeaspetton on O ct be 22,2007. Pettonerass r ed tve s tc v h e a ii or ii et i 1 g oundsi t e fde alpetton. ( oc c /5) On Augus 1 2008 r s ond nt tld a mo i n t 7r nh e r ii D k t/ . t 8, , e p e s ie to o l dim is ( oc e /1 ) OnM a c 26, 8 s s . D k t / 6. r h 2009 t eCo r e tr d a o de g a tngr s on e t'moton h u t nee n r r rni ep d ns i 1 t dim is ( o ke / 2. TheCo rdimis dGrund1wihprj diefrfiu et saeacli , nd 9 o s s. D c t/ ) 2 u t s se o t cu c o alr o tt am a 20 c ns lda c Gr unds 4 a d s ih Gr und 2,c c tng a sngl gr und f r r le f r i e f c i e o oi td o n wt o rai ieo o e i f o n fe tv 21 as it nce ofcouns l w ih m uli l s b- a t .The cour al o f und t atgr und 3 wasunexhaused. ssa c, t tp e u p r s tso h o t 22 On M a c 31 20 9 pe ii ne tl d a s or de l r to a a doni g Gr u d 3 a d s a i g t a r h , 0 , tto r i e w n c a a i n b n n on n t tn h t 23 he wihe t prc e wih te rmanig goundsfrrle . ( oc e /2 . On Aprl21 200 , s d o oe d t h e i n r o eif D k t /3) i,9 2 r s ond nt fl da a s e t t er m ani ggr u dsf rr le .( oc e /24. 4 c p e s ie n n w r o h e i n o n o e if D k t/ ) 25 // / 26 // / 2 1 LEG A L STANDA R D S 2 On Apr l 4, 996, m gr s e a td t e Antt r ors a d Efe tveD e t Pe alyA c of1 i2 1 Ct e s n c c h ie r i m n f c i a h n t t 996 3 (S EDPA D , cha ple t a l tto sf rwrtofha ea c r usfldaferise acm e t Lidh : IA ' whi p is o l pciin o i ) b s o p ie t t n t n . n ' . 4 M ur h , 1U . 3 0,l1 S. t205 , 3( 997 , e t#c?g , U. . 008,1 8S. t 5 ( 997) p y 52 S. 2 7 C . 9 206 1 ) c r. ?IJ 522 S l ' 1 C . 86 1 . , 5 Jqfisv.Wo d,11 F.d 1 8 ,1 99(tCi.1 (uoigDrn ar v Jo ns n, F.d751 7 9 fre o 4 3 4 4 4 9h r 997) q tn ik d . h o 97 3 ,6 6 ( tCj.996) c r. nid, 0U. .11 7,ll S. t ll 4( 997)ov r uldonot e gr u d b Lidh 5h r1 , e tde e 52 S 0 7 C . l 1 , e r e hr o ns y n 7 v M u ph ,5 1U. . 1l S. t 2059( 99 )( oli g AEDPA onl a plc bl t c s stld a tr . r y 2 S 320, 7 C . l 7 h dn y p ia e o a e ie fe 8 saut' e a t e t, The i sa tpeii n was fl d a tr t e e a t e toft e AEDPA,tusi i tt es n cm n ) n tn tto ie fe h n cm n h h ts 9 gover e by ispr vi i ns. nd t o so 1 0 Thi cour m ay ent rai a petton f rwri ofhabeas cor usii behal ofa per on i cusody s t et n ii o t p n f snt 11 purua tt t ej dg e tofaStt co r onl ontegrundt a hei i c so yi vilto o te s n oh u mn ae u t y h o h t s n u td n oain f h l Consiuto orlw sortc te oft eUnie St ts'28 U. . . 2 54(. 2 tt in a r ais h td ae , ' SC j 2 a. ) 13 TheA ED PA alcr d t est ndar ofr vi w t ata f der lhabeascourtm ustappl wih r s ect te h a d e e h ea y t ep 1 t asaeprs ne'cli ta wa aj diae o temeisi saec u tWilamsk T ylr l 0S. t 4 o tt io rs am h t s du c td n h rt n tt o r. li . a o , 2 C . 1 l ,1 8- 3( 000 .Un e t eAEDPA, na plc to f rha e sc r uswilno beg a tdunls 5 495 51 2 2 ) d r h a p i ain o b a o p l t rn e es 1 t ea j diatonoftecam 'eutdi adeiinta wa c ntayt,o ivole a unraona l 6 h du c i h li i sle n cso h t s o rr o r n v d n e s b e r 1 a plcaton of cl ary es abls ed Feder l l w ,as de er i ed by t e Supr m e Cour of t e Unied 7 pii , e l t ih aa tmn h e th t 1 St t s' ortr s le i ade ii n t a w a bas d o a unr a ona l d t r i a i n o t ef c si lg t 8 a e k Ge u t d n ' c so h t s e n n e s b e e e m n to f h a t n i h 1 oft ce i e c pr s ntd i t eStt Co r pr c e i g. 28U. . . 225 ( )Loc yerv And ade l 9 h vd n e ee e n h ac u t o e dn ' ' S C j 4 d , k . r , 23 . 20 S. t 1 66,11 3( 0 3)( ia povigofhcNit Cic i' a prac i VanTr nv Lidsy, 1 F.d C.1 7 2 0 dsp r n t nh ru ts p o h n a . n e l2 3 21 ll 3('Ci. 000)*Wilan v. ylr, 20S. t1 95,1 23( 00 ) t fdeaha e sc ut ynot 4 9b r2 ) lils Ta o l C . 4 5 2 0 . t c rl b a o rma , A 2 is etewrtsmpl be a s ta co r c n ldesi iside e de tud me tta tcr lva tsae 2 su h i i y c u e h t u t o cu n t n p n n j g n h t h ee n tt23 cour deci i n a pled cl a l es abls ed f der ll w c r neousy or i corccty.' Lock er,at l1 t so p i e r y t ih e a a r o l n r l' y 74 24 (iat nso itd) 6k tc,hatpplc tonmus b obe tveyunraona l. I .cttonsomitd) ct i m te . cah rt a iai o l t e jci l e s be' d (iai ' te . 2 5 W hie h bea c r us r lc i a i por a t i sl m e t t a s r t at i di i u l a e l a s op e i f s n m t n n tu n o s u e h n v d a s r 2 c nsiuton lypr tc e , q bo v Ese l, U. .8 0,88 ,1 S. t 3383,3 9l3392( 98 ) 6 o tt i a l o e td Barj t . tle 463 S 8 7 03 C . 31 3' , Har i v Nes n, 94U. . ,2 0, S. t 1 2,1 86( 969) d r c r viw ofac i ial onv ci n rs . lo 3 S 286 9 89 C . 08 0 1 , ie t e e rm n c ito 3 l i t eprm ar m et od f rapettonert chalenget atconvi ton.Brechtv. ahamson,507U . . sh i y h o ii o l h ci Abr S 619, 2 633, 1 S. t 1 1 , 7l ( 99 ) l a dii n,hesat co r' fc u l tr i a i nsmus bepr s m ed l 3 C . 7 0 l 9 1 3 . n d to t t c u ts a t a dee m n to t eu 3 convct a dt ef der lcour m us acceptal f ct alGndi gsm adebyt est t cour unl s t epettoner ,n h e a tt la u n h ae t e sh ii 4 c nr butthepr s m pto o c re t e sb ce ran c n i c n e i e c . 28U. . . 225 ( ) 1 . a e ' e u i n f o r cn s y la d o v n i g v d n e' t ' SC j 4 e ( ) , 5 Pur et v Elm ,5l U. .7 5,11 S. t 1 6 ( 9 5) Tho ps n v Keo ane 51 U. . 11 S. t k t. e 4S6 5 C . 7 9 1 9 , m o . h , 6 S 99, 6 C . 6 457(995,Langor v Da ,l1 F.d 1 80,1 (tCi.1 7) 1) . f d . y 0 3 3 388 9b r 99 . 7 8 DI C U SSI N S O I Gr und 2,t e s l r m ai i g gr und f rr lefi t i acton,pe ii nerr iessever lcl i s no h oe e nn o o ei n hs i tto as a am 9 ofi efectveassst nceofcounsel The1 w gover i gi ef ectveas it nceofcounselcl i si cl ary nfi ia . a n n n f i ssa am s e l 1 e tbls e f rt ep r os soft eA EDPA de e e c sa da ds t o t i 28U. . . 2 5 ( ) Canals 0 sa ih d o h u p e I A f r n e tn r e f rh n SC j 2 4 d . e v Roe 1 1F.d 1 2 ,1 29( ' Ci.1 98) l apeiin f rwlto ha ea c r usa lgng i e fc i e . , 5 3 2 6 2 9h r 9 . n tto o i f b s o p le i n fe tv 12 as i t nceofcounsel t ecour m us consdert of ct r .St i kl nd v.Was i gt n,466 U. .668,687, s sa ,h tt i w a o s rc a hn o S 1 1 4S. t2052 206 ( 984 , y v Lc f, F. d344, 46( tCi. 99 ) Fis,hepeii ne mus 3 0 C . , 4 1 ) Lowk . w x 21 3 3 9h r 1 4 . r tt tto r t 14 s ow t atcounselsperor ancewasdefci nt r quii g a s ow i g t atcouns lm adeeror s s rous hh ' fm i e , e rn h nh e r s o ei 15 t a heorshe wasnotf nctoni g ast e'counsel' ant cd byt e Si t A m cndm ent St i kl nd, ht uin h' 'guar e h xh . r c a 466 1 U. . t68 .Thepeiine mus s o ta c unsl rprsntto flbeow a obe tv sa d r of 6 Sa 7 tto r t h w h t o e' e ee ain el l n jcie tn ad s l reas nabl nes ,and m us i entf couns ls aleged act or om i sons t at wer not t e r sul of 7 o es t d iy e' l s si h e het 1 r aona l pr fsin ludg e tc nsdcigtecrumsa c s / . t 8.Unie Sttsv. ntr 8 c s bc o eso a j m n o i rn h ic tn e .J a 68 , td ae Qui e o 1 Ba r z ,7 F.d l 44,1 48 ( t Ci.1 95 . J di ils r tny o c uns lspe f nna c i hi hl 9 ra a 8 3 3 3 9h r 9 ) u c a c u i f o c ' ro n e s g y 20 def r ntal A cour i dul esa sr ngpr sum pton t atcouns lsconductf lswihi t ew i er nge of ee i . tn g to e ih e' al t n h d a 21 r a ona l pr f s i na a ssa c .Stikand, U. . 68, 7,1 4S. t2052, 4( 984)Sand r e s b e o c so l s itn e rc l 466 S 6 68 0 C . 206 1 , e s . 2 v Ratle, 1F.d 1 46,1 56( tCi.99 ) 2 . el 2 3 4 4 9h r1 4 . 23 Second,t e pettoncr m us dem onsr t t at 'her i a r as nabl pr babiiy t at but f r h ii t ta e h t e s e o eo lt h , o 24 counsels unpr t s i naler or ,t e r s l w oul have been dif re t'466 U . . at694.Pettoner ' o- so e r s h eut d f e n ,' S, ii 25 m us s ow t atcouns lseror w er s egr gi usast depri edef nda tofaf i t i l onew hos res l th h e' r s e o e o o v en a r ra , e ut 26 i r labl . Sti kl nd, 466 U . . at 688. The cour m ust eval at whet er t e e tr ti l w as s ei e rc a S t ue h h n ie ra 4 l f nda e t lyu f i or leibl be a s ofc u s lsie f c i e e s / ,Quntr - ar a a, F.d u m n al n ar ur la e c u e o n e ' n fe tv n s . J , i e o B r z 78 3 r ' 2 a l 45,UniedSt tsv Palm ba 31F.d 1 ,1 61( t Ci.1 9 ) t 3 ' t ae . o , 3 356 4 9h r 9 4 . 3 A cour nced notdet r i e whct ercouns lsper or ance wasdefci ntbef r c a i i g t e t em n h e' f m ie o e x m nn h 4 p eudies fe edbyt epeii ne asar s l ofhea lge dctcen is Stikand, 66U. . 8, 7, rj c u fr h tto r e u t t le d i i c e . rc l 4 S 66 69 5 1 S. t205 ,207 ( 98 ) Sic tedee d ntmus afr aieypr vepeu ie a ydetce c 04 C . 2 4 1 4 . n c h fn a t fim tv l o rj dc , n iin y 6 t a doe notr s l i prj dicmus n cc s rl fi.Howe e ,t e ea ec rani sa c swhi h a e h t s e u t n cu c t e sa iy a l v r h r r e ti n tn c cr 7 lgal prs me t rs li prj die, ..wheetech sbc na acua orc nsr ciede ilofte e ly e u d o e utn eu c eg, r h r a c n t l o tu tv na h 8 as it nce ofcouns lorwher t c St t hasi t rer d wih couns ls as i t nce.See St i kl nd,466 ssa e c h ac nef e t e ' ssa rc a 9 U . .at692.Unie St t s v.Cr ni' 466 U , . at659,and n.25,104 S. t,at2046- 047,and n.25 S , td a e o c, S, C. 2 1 ( 984 . 01) ll l ef e tveass sanceofcouns lcl i sar a al zed undert et nr as nabl a plcaton'pr ng n fci it e am c n y h'eo u ep i i ' o 1 ofWilamsv T yl r 5 9U. . ( 0 0) Weghal v M i dl,215F.d l l 2 ( 00 ) t nd r 2 li . a o , 2 S 362 2 0 . i l . d e 3 058, 06 2 0 . i e u 1 t e i nre s nabl applcaton' cl use,a f der l ha eas cour m ay gr nt t e wrt i t e st t cour 3 h u ao e ii a ca b t ah i f h ae t 1 i e ttest e c re tgove nng l g lp i cpl fom k nie St t s Supr m e Courlde ii ns b t 4 d n ii h o r c r i e a rn i e r u t d ae e t cso u 15 unr as nabl a plest atprnci l t t ef ct oft e prs ner' cas .' W ilam s,529 U. . 413.The e o yp i h i p e o h a s h io s e ' li S at l6 habeas cor usapplcantbear t e bur en t show t a t c st t cour appled Unicd St t s Supr m e p i sh do h t h ae t i t ae e 1 Co r pr c de ti a ob c tveyunr a ona l ma ne . Prc v Vnce t 5 8 U. .6 4,6 0 ( 0 3 . 7 u t e e n n n j ci l e s b e n r ie . i n , 3 S 3 4 2 0 ) 18 The Nevada Supr m e Cour addr s ed pettoner' pr s ntcl i s ofi ef ectve as it ncc of e t cs ii s ee am nfi ssa 19 couns li isor c ofJul 24,2007,afi m i g t edi ti tcour ' dcni lofpettoner' pos- onvi ton e n t dr y tr n h s rc ts a ii s tc c i 20 pctton f rw rtofhabeascor us. Exhi i l8. I r vi w i g pettoners cl i s,t eN evada Supr m e ii o i p bt nee n ii ' a m h e 21 Cour appled t e Stckl nd stndar . / . p.4. t i h ia a d J, 22 Pettoner tr tcont nds t atdef ns couns lwas i adc uat i f ii g t conducts fi i nt ii is c h ee e n q e n a ln o u fc e 23 pr ti li ves i aton.Res ondentdiput st i cont nton.l addr ssngt ei s e,t eNevadaSupr m e c ra n tg i p s e hs e i n e i h su h e 24 Cour hel as f low s: t d ol 25 26 Si t ,appelantcl i ed t athi couns lwasi efectve f rf ii g t i vesi at .l par iulr, xh l am h s e n f i o a ln o n tg e n tc a he cl i ed t at hi counsel di not t st t e tuck f r bl od or dr gs, di not re ues am h s d ehr oo u d qt fnger rntngoft egun clp, f iedt haveappelantsw at h s bm it d f rf r nsi t s i g. i pi i h i and a l o l' c u te o o c c e tn 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Appelantscouns lcoul nothave pr ser ed t e evi ence l f i t e t uck on t e ni htoft e l' c d evh d etn h r hg h i ci entasi had been r t r ed t t e ow nert e ne tday.M or over i i notcl arhow t s i g nd t eu n o h hx c ,t s e e tn f rbl od coul havcai e appelantsdef ns asbot t epr s cuton and def ns agreed t at oo d dd l ' ee h h oe i ee h Gacaha be nij rdi tetuc , ta pelntha no.W hieteprsnc ofdnlsc ud ri d e nu e n h r k bu p la d t l h ee c g ol l nd cr dencet appelant scl i t att ct om c had i t nded t t kedr gs t et s coul not e e o l ' am h h w n ne oa u ,h e t d s ow i t os drugs w er l t i t e tuck bef r or afer t e t uck was t ken f om Gar i . h fh e ee nh r oe thr a r ca Regar i g t egun clp,whet ert eclp wasdevoi oftnger rnt orbor anot eri di i uals dn h i hhi d i pi s e h n vd ' fnger rnt woul notneces arl have warant d is e cl s on or r nder d i excul at r i pi s d s iy r e t x ui e et p oy evi e ce.Theprnt woul nothaves gnii antyunder i ed Gar i ' t stm onyt atappela t dn is d i tc l mn ca s e i h ln br ndihed a tr ann t en sr ck hi i t e f ce wih i. Las l ,counselw asnotdetci ntf r as ie h tu m nh a tt ty ie o f ii g t havc appelants w at h t sed as t e pr se ce of bl od on t e w at h w oul not a ln o l' c et h en o h c d concl svel s ow t atappelantsr ck G a ci w ih t ew at h i st ad ofm e el w or t ew at h ui yh h l tu ra t h cnc ry eh c whie he pit lw hi pe and st bbe Gar i . Accor i gl ,t e diti t courtdi not er i l so - p d ad ca d n y h src d rn de yi g t i cl i . n n h s am Exhi i 18,p.8- . bt 9 9 Thi Cour fndst atpcttonerhaspr vi ed not i g t s ow t att eN evada Supr m cCour ' s ti h ii od hn o h hh e ts 10 a j di ain o t e c am 'es le i a d cso t a wa c nta y t ,orivol e a unr a ona l d u c to f h l i s u td n e ii n h t s o rr o r n v d n es be 11 applcaton of cl ary esabls ed Feder l l w ,as det r i ed by t e Supr m c Cour of t e Unied ii , e l t ih aa em n h e th t l2 St t si'or'r s led i adeci i n t atw asbas d on an unr as nabl detrm i aton oft cf ct i lght a e ' 'e u t n so h e eo c e ni h a sn i 13 oft e e i e c pr s ntd i t e Stt Cour pr c e i g. 28 U. . .j 2 54( ) Th Co r fnds h v d n e e e e n h ac t o e dn ' ' SC 2 d. e ut i , l4 t er f r ,t atpettonerhasf ied t can' hi bur en and t att i fr tcont nton pr vi csno basi f r h eo e h ii al o ys d h h s is ei od so 15 habcas cor usr lef p ei . 16 Se on , tto e c ne dsha c u s l iefciefrfiigt pr sntot ej r tepror c d peiin r o tn t t o n e wasn fe tv o aln o e e t h u y h i 17 i consi tntsat m ent oft cvi tm ,t e sat ' key wincs cs. Res ondentdiput st i cont nton. n se t e s h ci h t e s ts p s e hs ei 1 8 I addr ssng t i and sm ia l unsuppored cl i s,heNevadaSupr m eCour hel :ihes cl i swcr n e i hs i lr y t am t e t d t e a m e 1 9 onl t r e s at m cnt t at wer not support d by s ecii f ct w hi h,i tue,w oul have entted y cs t c sh e e p fc a s c fr d il 20 a pelntt rle.g oon t omitd. Ac or igy,tedititc ur di n teri de yig te p la o eif F to c tc ) c dn l h src o t d o r n n n h 2l 22 cam s' ( xhi i l p. . li . E b t 8, 3 ) ' 23 24 25 Thid,peiine c ntndsta c uns l siefe tvefrfiigt obe tt tej oz on r tto r o e h t o e wa n fci o aln o j c o h u pool t egr und t ati di notcont i anym em ber ofpettoner' r ce.Res ondentdi put st i cont nton. ho h td an s ii sa p s e hs ei TheNe a a Sup e eCour rj ce t i c ntnto ,rli ga f lo s vd rm t e e td h s o e i n tln s o lw : 2 6 Thid, ppelntcame ta hic unslfie t obe totej r po la idi no c nana y r a la li d h t s o e ald o j c t h u y o st d t o ti n mc besofhsr c .Fo tot 1 .Ourrviw oft erc r o a pea rve lt a teditit m r i a c g on e 21 ee h e o d n p le ash th src 6 cour di not e r i denyi g appelant r lef on t i cl i . A ppelant had t e bur e of td rn n l ei hs am l h dn esa ls i g a prm e f ce vi lto oft e f i-r s -e to r quie e t g o t ot 1 . To tb ih n i a i o ai n h arc o ss c i n e r m n . F o n e 3j 2 dcm ons r t a prm a f ci vi l ton, appelant m ust dem onsr t t at t e gr up alegedl ta e i a e o ai l ta e h h o l y 3 4 e cude fo t ej r v niewa ad si ci e'g o p i t eco m uniy,t a r pr s ntton x l d r m h u y e r s iitn tv ' r u n h m t h t e e e ai ofta gou ij r ve ie wa notara dra o a l i rltont teprporinofme bcs h t r p n u y nrs s fi n e s n be n eai o h o t o mr ofta goupi teco muniy,a dta teund rrprsnttonofta gr u i j r ve ie htr n h m t n h th e-e e e ai h t o p n u y nrs wa d et s se atce clson o t a grup i tej r s lcin prc s.( oon t 1 j s u o y tm i x u i f h t o n h u y ee to o e s F to e 4. A ppelantf ied t s ts y t i t r e- ar t s . Appelantf ied t dem onsr t t atHi pani l a l o a if h s h e p t e t l al o ta e h sc 5 6 7 idiiuaswees semaial e cude fom teve ieortej r s lcinprc s, ta n vd l r yt tc ly x l d r h nr h u r ee to o e s or h t t c per ent gc of H ipani i di i ual wihi t e venie w as not f i and re s na l i h ca s c n vd s t n h r ar ao be n pr pori n t t e num berofs ch per onsi t ecom m uniy. Thus,t e di ti tcour di noter o to o h u s nh t h s rc td r i denyi g t i cl i . n n h s am Foot ot l W e not t atnot i g i t e r cor bef r t i cour s pports appelant s n e 2: eh hn n h e d o e h s tu ' l' 8 9 1 0 sae e tr ga di gt er ca c m posto oft ej r . ttm n c r n h a il o iin h u y Fo t ot 1 :Ev nsv.S ae,11 Nev.ll 2,11 6,9 9P.d 265, ( 99 ) on e 3 a tt 2 7 822 275 1 6 . Fo t ot l :Se Dur n v.M iss i pi439 U. .3 7,3 4 ( 9 9 . on e 4 e e s isp , S 5 6 17 ) 1l Exhi i 18,p.6. bt 1 2 Fou t, tto e c nc dsta c unslwasiefe tv f rfiigt obe tt teitodu ton rh peiin r o tn h t o e n fcie o aln o j c o h nr ci l oftegu clp,whihpeiinc cam swashihl prj diila dwasobtie i a ilga s ac . 3 h ni c tto r li g y eu ca n an d n n le l e rh 1 Reponde tds utsti c ne ton.ThcNe a aSupe eCoutrj ce ti c ntnina f lows 4 s n ip e hs o tni vd rm r ec td hs o e to s ol : 1 5 1 6 Fo rh, p cla tcli e ta hi c u slfie t o j c t teitod cino tegu u t a p ln am d h t s o n e ald o b e to h nr u to f h n clp and t e t stm ony about t e m i si g ser o. Appelant s cl i concer i g t c i h ei h sn te l ' am nn h t si o ya o tt emisngsee i bele b t er c r .Appe ln ' c uns l j c e e tm n b u h s i t ro s i d y h e o d la ts o e ob e t d t t e vi tm ' t s i ony aboutt e m isi g s c eo and t e di ti tcourts sai ed t e o h c i s c tm h s n tr h src utn h 1 7 18 obc tona di sr ce tej l t dir g r tetsi o y. Reg r igteg ncl , jci n n tu td h u' o sc ad h e tm n y adn h u i p a pelant di notalege any f ct albass f r why t e gun clp s oul nothave been pl d l au io h ih d adm it d. H e ass rtd no consiutonal vi l ton i t e m anner i w hi h i was te ee tt i oai n h n ct 1 9 dsovee .goonot 1 . Furhe, di no s ow ta apm'ofafrar lc tdi ic rd F t e 51 t rhc d t h h t t ic m o ae n a a a t e tt whi h a pe l nt d a c s w asir l va t o whe he a pe l nt dus d n p rm n o c p la ha c e s rce n t t r p la ha e de yi g t i cl i . n n h s am 20 21 22 23 afr a m i t ec i e.Foonot 1 .Thus hedi notd m onsr t as fi int ssf r ie r n h rm g t e 6 j ,d e tae u tce ba i o hi co ns lsobe to t isa mison.Ac origl,t edititc ur di noteri s u e' jcin o t d si c d n y h src o t d rn Foot o e 1 : n t 5 NRS 48.25 1 ( ) 0 ( )b . Foot o e 1 : n t 6 NRS48.25 1 . 0 () 24 25 Fit , ttone c ntndsta c uns lwasiefciefrfiigt obe tt tea miso fh peii r o e h t o e n fe tv o al o jc o h d sin n m at raly unr labl evi enceofdeadl weapons.Res ondentdi put st i cont nton. s ei l ci e d y p s c hs e i Thi t e cl i s,ref r nccd above,i r gar t whi h t e Nevada Supr m e Cour hel :t es cl i sw er h am ee ne do ch c t d Gh e a m e 26 7 1 onl t r e s a em ent t atw er nots ppor ed by specii f ct whih,i t- e,woul have entted y e s tt sh e u t tc a s c fl u d il 2 a pel n t r le .( oo n t o itd. Ac or i g y t e dititc ur di note ri de yng t e p la t o e if F t o e m te ) c d n l , h src o t d r n ni h 3 c am s' ( xhi i l p.3. l i . E b t 8, ) ' 4 Thi Cour tndst atpettonerpr vi esno ar um enti s ppor ofhi bur en under28 U. . . s ti h ii od g nu t sd SC 5 j225 ( )i r ga dt hi s c nd,hid, ou t o tfh c ntnto s Tha i, tto e d esnotpr vi e 4 d n e r o s e o t r f rh r it o e in . ts peiin r o od 6 a ydic sino teNc a aS prmeCou tsaj diainoftecli i a atmptt s ow ta i n su so f h v d u e r' du c to h am n n te o h h tt 7 r s lcd i a deci i n t at was cont ar t , or i vol ed an unr as nabl applcaton of cl ary e u t n so h ryo nv eo c ii ,el 8 est blshed Feder ll w ,as det r i ed by t e Supre e Cour oft e Unied St t si'orS cs lcd i a ai aa em n h m th t ae ' ut n r 9 deci i n t atwasbas d on an unr as na l det r i aton oft ef ct i lghtoft eevi e cepr s nt d so h e e o b e em n i h a sn i h dn ec c 1 i t eStt Cour pr c e i g. 28U. . . 225 ( ) TheCo r fnd ,t e eor ,t a t e ec ntnto s 0 n h ae t o e dn ' ' SC j 4 d . u t i s h r f e h th s o e i n 11 pr vi e no bas sf rhabcascor usrclef od io p i. 12 l or er t pr ceed wih an appeal pettoner m us r cei e a cerii at ofappeal biiy. 28 ndoo t , ii te v ttc e a lt 1 U. . .j2253(( 1 ;Fe . App.P. 2' t Ci.R. l Ale v Or o k, F. d946, 0- 51( t 3 SC c ( ) d R. ) 2 , b r 22- ; ln . n s i435 3 9 95 9 9h 1 Ci.2006) s c alo Unie St ts v.M i es,23 F.d 5 0,5 152 ( t Ci.20 1 . Ge e al ,a 4r , .c s td a e k l 6 3 5 5 - 9 h r 0 ) n r ly l5 pettoner m us m a e ia s bsantal s ow i g of t e deni l of a cons iutonal rght't war ant a ii t k tuti h n h a tt i i 'o r 1 c ri c t of ppe lbiiy.#.28U. . . 225 ( )2)Sl c v. c l ni l5 9U. . 483 84( 0 0) 6 e tt ae a aa lt f ; i S C j 3 c ( ' a k M l a e , 2 S 473, - 2 0 . , 1 tr cpciinc musde onsrt ta raona lj rsswo l fndtedititc utsa ssme t te 7 h tto r t m tae h te s be u it ud i h src o r' se s n ofh 1 c nsiutona c am sde aa l orwr ng. 1 .( uo ig Sl c ,529U. .a 48 ) I o de t me tt i 8 o tt i l l i b tb e o ' d q tn a k ' S t 4 . n r r o e hs 19 t r shol i quiy,t epettonerhast e bur en ofdem ons r tng t att e i s esar debat bl a ong he d n r h ii h d tai h h s u e aem 20 j rssofra o 'ha acoutc ul rs leteis e difrnty; ta t eque tonsaea e uaet uit e s n, t t r o d e ov h su s fee l or h th si r d q t o 21 des n, e cour gem e tt pr ceed ftt er / . een a noo trh . J 22 Pur uantt t e Dece bcr 1 2009 am cndm entt Rul 1l oft eRul sG over i g Secton 2254 s oh m , o e h e nn i 23 and 2255 Cas s di ti t cour s ar r quie t r l on t e cerii at of a peal biiy i t e or er e , s rc t e e rd o ue h tfc e p a lt n h d 24 di posng ofapr ceedi g adver el t t epettone orm ova t r t ert an waii gf ranotceofappeal si o n s yo h ii r n ,a h h tn o i 25 a drquetfrc riiaeofa pe lblt t betld.Rul l () Thi Co r ha c nsdee teis es n e s o ettc t p aa iy o ie c 1a. s u t s o i rd h su 26 r i ed by pettone ,w ih r s ectt whet cr t c s ts y t e sandar f r i s ance ofa ccrii at of as ii r t e p o h h y a if h t d o su tfc e 8 1 appeal biiy,and det r i est atnone m eett atst nda d. The Courtwilt e cf r de y pettonera a lt em n h har l hr oe n ii 2 celi i at ofappeal biiy. - fc e t a lt 3 I I TH E R E FO R E O R D E R ED t att i petton f rw rtofhabeascor usi DEN I D .The TS h h s ii o i ps E 4 c ur s ale trudgme tfrrs ond nsa dcos ti c s . o t h l ne j n o cp e t n l e hs ac 5 I IS FUR T H ER O R D E R E D t ata ceriicat ofappeal biiy i DEN I D . T h tt e a lt s E 6 7 Dt ts .1-aoAr,00 adh 1k dyfpl 1 ei . 2 i2 . . U N I ED STA T D I TR I T J D G E SCU 8 9 10 1l 12 13 14 15 16 17 l8 l9 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 9

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?