Sefton v. American Broker Conduit et al

Filing 6

ORDER Denying 3 Motion for Temporary Restraining Order. Signed by Chief Judge Roger L. Hunt on 6/29/10. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - ASB)

Download PDF
Sefton v. American Broker Conduit et al Doc. 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 JULIE SEFTON, an individual, 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Before the Court is Plaintiff Julie Sefton's ex parte Motion for Temporary 20 Restraining Order (#3), filed June 18, 2010. 21 BACKGROUND 22 Julie Sefton, who is representing herself in this action, financed the home at 6940 23 Caspian Term Street, Las Vegas, Nevada, with a mortgage secured by the home. On August 13, 24 2006, she refinanced the home with an adjustable-rate mortgage. Sefton claims the purpose of the 25 loan was for her to "eventually build and own the subject property." (Dkt. #1, Compl. ¶ 29.) The 26 A O 72 ( R e v . 8/82) UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF NEVADA *** ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) vs. ) ) AMERICAN BROKER CONDUIT, a Business ) Entity, form unknown; CAPITAL FUNDING ) GROUP, a Business Entity, form unknown; ) FIRST AMERICAN TITLE INSURANCE, a ) Business Entity, form unknown; MORTGAGE ) ELECTRONIC REGISTRATION SYSTEMS, ) INC., a Business Entity, form unknown, and ) DOES 1­100 inclusive, ) ) Defendants. ) _______________________________________) Case No.: 2:10-cv-00961-RLH-PAL ORDER (Motion for Temporary Restraining Order­#3) 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 A O 72 ( R e v . 8/82) new mortgage included a monthly payment fixed for one month with a "teaser" interest rate of 1.475%. After the first month, the rate adjusts monthly. Sefton claims that neither the fully indexed interest rate on the loan (8.33%) nor the maximum rate (10.55%) were ever disclosed to her at any time, and that one or more of the Defendants "intentionally concealed the negative implications of the loan they were offering[.]" (Id. ¶ 20.) By the thirty-ninth month of the loan term, she alleges, her monthly payment "had more than quadrupled" from an initial monthly payment of $861.71. (Id. ¶ 3.) Sefton alleges the terms of the loan with Defendant American Broker Conduit "are not clear or conspicuous, nor consistent," and that she would not be able to refinance out of the high rate or consolidate the loans into one loan due to a lack of equity. She alleges the terms of the loan "are such that she can never realistically repay" it. (Id. ¶ 23.) On June 18, 2010, Sefton sued Defendants by filing a Complaint in this Court alleging the following claims: (1) declaratory relief; (2) injunctive relief; (3) "determine nature, extent and validity of lien"; (4) contractual breach of good faith and fair dealing; (5) violation of the Truth in Lending Act ("TILA"); (6) violations of the Real Estate Settlement and Procedures Act ("RESPA"); (7) rescission; (8) fraud; (9) violations of the Unfair and Deceptive Acts and Practices ("UDAP"); (10) breach of fiduciary duty; (11) unconscionability; (12) predatory lending; (13) quiet title; and (14) lack of standing. In her motion for a temporary restraining order, Sefton seeks an order that would restrain Defendants from "[t]ransferring any interest by sale, pledge, or grant of security interest, or otherwise disposing of, or encumbering" the property "until October 18, 2010." (Dkt. #3, Mot. for Temp. Restraining Order 2.) In neither her motion for a temporary restraining order nor her Complaint does Sefton state that a foreclosure sale is imminent or even scheduled, but she states that she has been threatened with the loss of her home. DISCUSSION In order to obtain a temporary restraining order or a preliminary injunction, a plaintiffs must establish that: (1) she is likely to succeed on the merits, (2) she is likely to suffer 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 A O 72 ( R e v . 8/82) irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, (3) the balance of equities tips in her favor, and (4) an injunction is in the public interest. Sierra Forest Legacy v. Rey, 577 F.3d 1015, 1021 (9th Cir. 2009) (citing Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., 129 S.Ct. 365, 374 (2008)). Sefton has failed to show she is likely to succeed on the merits on any of her causes of action. In her Complaint, she alleges, among other things, that one or more Defendants intentionally concealed material terms of the loan and inappropriately qualified her to receive the loan knowing she would never actually be able to pay it off. But to qualify for the extraordinary remedy that is a temporary restraining order, a plaintiff must not merely allege wrongdoing, but must also actually establish, through evidence, that she is likely to prevail on the merits of one or more of her claims, such that restraining the sale or transfer of her home would be justified. Plaintiff has not submitted any evidence, such as a sworn affidavit or a copy of the underlying loan documents with specific references to them, showing that she is likely to prevail on one or more of her claims. While her allegations against Defendants, if true, are troubling to the Court, Plaintiff must do more than merely make allegations. She must prove that she is likely to prevail, and she has not done so. CONCLUSION Accordingly, and for good cause appearing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's Motion for Temporary Restraining Order (#3) is DENIED. Dated: June 29, 2010. ____________________________________ ROGER L. HUNT Chief United States District Judge 3

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?