LN Management LLC Series 7937 Sierra RIM v. Pfeiffer et al

Filing 100

ORDER Granting Federal National Mortgage Association and Federal Housing Finance Agency's 89 Second Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Judge James C. Mahan on 3/9/2017. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - SLD)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 *** 7 8 LN MANAGEMENT LLC SERIES 7937 SIERRA RIM, ORDER Plaintiff(s), 9 10 11 v. BENJAMIN T. PFEIFFER, et al., Defendant(s). 12 13 Case No. 2:13-CV-1934 JCM (PAL) Presently before this court is Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and 14 Federal Housing Finance Agency’s (“FHFA”) second motion for summary judgment. (ECF No. 15 89). Plaintiff LN Management LLC Series 7937 Sierra RIM (“LN”) filed a response (ECF No. 16 92), and Fannie Mae and FHFA replied (ECF No. 98). 17 I. 18 On October 22, 2013, defendant CitiMortgage, Inc. filed a timely petition for removal in 19 this court. (ECF No. 1). The underlying complaint sought to quiet title, requesting declaratory 20 21 Introduction relief in relation to the foreclosure sale of the real estate at 7937 Sierra Rim Dr., Las Vegas, Nevada. (ECF No. 1-1). On May 5, 2015, Magistrate Judge Leen granted a stipulation to allow Fannie Mae and its 22 23 conservator, FHFA, to intervene in this case. (ECF No. 17). On July 14, 2015, Fannie Mae submitted its answer to the complaint and asserted a claim of quiet title against plaintiff and 24 declaratory judgment against all parties. (ECF No. 41). Finally, on October 3, 2016, FHFA and 25 Fannie Mae filed the instant motion. (ECF No. 89). 26 II. 27 The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allow summary judgment when the pleadings, 28 depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge Legal Standard 1 show that “there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment 2 as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). A principal purpose of summary judgment is “to isolate 3 and dispose of factually unsupported claims . . . .” Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323– 4 24 (1986). 5 6 7 For purposes of summary judgment, disputed factual issues should be construed in favor of the non-moving party. Lujan v. Nat’l Wildlife Fed., 497 U.S. 871, 888 (1990). However, to be entitled to a denial of summary judgment, the non-moving party must “set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.” Id. 8 In determining summary judgment, the court applies a burden-shifting analysis. “When 9 the party moving for summary judgment would bear the burden of proof at trial, it must come 10 forward with evidence which would entitle it to a directed verdict if the evidence went 11 uncontroverted at trial.” C.A.R. Transp. Brokerage Co. v. Darden Rests., Inc., 213 F.3d 474, 480 12 (9th Cir. 2000). Moreover, “[i]n such a case, the moving party has the initial burden of establishing 13 the absence of a genuine issue of fact on each issue material to its case.” Id. By contrast, when the non-moving party bears the burden of proving the claim or defense, 14 15 the moving party can meet its burden in two ways: (1) by presenting evidence to negate an essential element of the non-moving party’s case; or (2) by demonstrating that the non-moving party failed 16 to make a showing sufficient to establish an element essential to that party’s case on which that 17 party will bear the burden of proof at trial. See Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 323–24. If the moving 18 party fails to meet its initial burden, summary judgment must be denied and the court need not 19 consider the non-moving party’s evidence. See Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 144, 159– 20 60 (1970). 21 If the moving party satisfies its initial burden, the burden then shifts to the opposing party 22 to establish that a genuine issue of material fact exists. See Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith 23 24 Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986). To establish the existence of a factual dispute, the opposing party need not establish a material issue of fact conclusively in its favor. It is sufficient that “the claimed factual dispute be shown to require a jury or judge to resolve the parties’ differing 25 versions of the truth at trial.” T.W. Elec. Serv., Inc. v. Pac. Elec. Contractors Ass’n, 809 F.2d 626, 26 630 (9th Cir. 1987). 27 ... 28 ... James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -2- 1 III. 2 In the instant motion, FHFA argues that § 4617(j)(3) of the Housing and Economic 3 Recovery Act of 2008 (“HERA”) preempts state law and bars the foreclosure of the underlying 4 property without FHFA’s consent. (ECF No. 89); see also 12 U.S.C. § 4617(j). Thus, Fannie Mae 5 6 7 Discussion and FHFA posit that they are entitled to summary judgment because the foreclosure sale could not disrupt Fannie Mae’s property interest without FHFA’s consent. (ECF No. 89). Under Nevada Revised Statute (“NRS”) 116.3116, a homeowner’s association (“HOA”) has a lien on a property for assessments levied against that property and such liens are prior to all 8 other liens and encumbrances, subject to exceptions. Nev. Rev. Stat. 116.3116(1)–(2). In SFR 9 Investments Pool 1, the Nevada Supreme Court found that a HOA’s foreclosure of a super-priority 10 lien extinguishes a first recorded security interest. 334 P.3d 408, 409 (Nev. 2014). 11 HERA established FHFA to regulate Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Federal Home Loan 12 Banks. See Pub. L. No. 110–289, 122 Stat. 2654, codified at 12 U.S.C. § 4511, et seq. In 13 14 15 September 2008, FHFA placed Fannie Mae into conservatorship “for the purpose of reorganizing, rehabilitating, or winding up [its] affairs.” 12 U.S.C. § 4617(a)(2). As conservator, FHFA immediately succeeded to “all rights, titles, powers, and privileges” of Fannie Mae. 12 U.S.C. § 4617(b)(2)(A)(i). Moreover, Congress granted FHFA exemptions to carry out its statutory 16 functions—specifically, in acting as conservator, “[n]o property of [FHFA] shall be subject to levy, 17 attachment, garnishment, foreclosure, or sale without the consent of [FHFA], nor shall any 18 involuntary lien attach to the property of [FHFA].” 12 U.S.C. § 4617(j)(3). 19 In Skylights LLC v. Fannie Mae, 112 F. Supp. 3d 1145, 1148 (D. Nev. 2015), the court 20 addressed the applicability of 12 U.S.C. § 4617(j)(3) and held that the plain language of § 21 4617(j)(3) prohibits property of FHFA from being subjected to a foreclosure without its consent.1 22 See also Saticoy Bay, LLC v. Fannie Mae, No. 2:14-CV-01975-KJD-NJK, 2015 WL 5709484 (D. 23 24 Nev. Sept. 29, 2015) (holding that 12 U.S.C. § 4617(j)(3) preempts NRS 116.3116 “to the extent that a [homeowner association’s] foreclosure of its super-priority lien cannot extinguish a property interest of Fannie Mae while those entities are under FHFA’s conservatorship”). 25 26 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge 1 Plaintiff cites Butner v. United States, 440 U.S. 48, 55 (1979), to support its assertion that “state law determines property interests.” (ECF No. 92 at 9). However, that cited passage makes clear that state law’s formulation of property interests must give way to federal interests. See Butner, 440 U.S. at 55. -3- 1 In this case, Fannie Mae has provided evidence that it owned a mortgage loaned secured 2 on the relevant property that predated the foreclosure sale at issue. See (ECF No. 89-2). 3 Specifically, Fannie Mae acquired a secured interest in the Sierra Rim Drive property on October 4 1, 2004, and it has not relinquished that interest. (Id.). 5 6 7 Further, the evidence on the record indicates that FHFA did not consent to the termination of Fannie Mae’s property interest. See (ECF No. 89-4) (elucidating FHFA’s stance on HOA superpriority lien foreclosures); see also Opportunity Homes, LLC v. Fed. Home Loan Mortg. Corp., 169 F. Supp. 3d 1073, 1078 (D. Nev. 2016) (finding that an identical FHFA statement indicated 8 its lack of consent as well as the likely nonexistence of evidence to the contrary). In light of the 9 evidence on the record, the plain language of § 4617(j)(3) bars plaintiff’s foreclosure sale from 10 extinguishing Fannie Mae’s interest in the Sierra Rim Drive property.2 11 IV. 12 In sum, the evidence in this case indicates that federal law prevents the extinguishment of 13 14 15 16 Conclusion Fannie Mae’s interest in the underlying real property. Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that FHFA and Fannie Mae’s second motion for summary judgment, (ECF No. 89) be, and the same hereby is, GRANTED. DATED March 9, 2017. 17 __________________________________________ UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 2 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge Because this analysis is dispositive of the present issue, this court finds there is no need to discuss the Ninth Circuit’s binding precedent in Bourne Valley Court Trust v. Wells Fargo Bank, NA, 832 F.3d 1154 (9th Cir. 2016). -4-

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