U.S. Bank, National Association v. Mission Pointe Homeowners Association

Filing 29

ORDER. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that 22 the Bank's motion for summary judgment be, and the same hereby is, DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the complaint 1 be, and the same hereby is, DISMISSED, without prejudice. The clerk shall enter judgment accordingly and close the case. Signed by Judge James C. Mahan on 7/18/17. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - ADR)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 *** 7 U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, 8 9 10 11 Case No. 2:15-CV-123 JCM (CWH) Plaintiff(s), ORDER v. MISSION POINTE HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION, Defendant(s). 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge Presently before the court is plaintiff U.S. Bank, National Association’s (the “Bank”) motion for summary judgment. (ECF No. 22). Defendant Mission Pointe Homeowners Association (the “HOA”) filed a response to the motion outside of the 21-day deadline for submission of the same. See LR 7-2(b); see also (ECF No. 23). Therefore, defendant’s response will be stricken, but the lack of opposition to a motion for summary judgment is not sufficient for the automatic success of that motion. (ECF No. 23); see also LR 7-2(d). I. Introduction This action involves the nonjudicial foreclosure of the real property at 10245 S. Maryland Parkway Unit 2194, Las Vegas, Nevada. (ECF No. 1). The Bank alleges three claims against the HOA: (1) declaratory relief to quiet title; (2) unjust enrichment; and (3) injunctive relief. (Id.). The Bank further admits in its motion that, although the contested foreclosure sale occurred on October 7, 2011, it did not receive its purported interest in the property until Nationstar Mortgage LLC assigned to it the senior deed of trust on May 1, 2014. (ECF No. 22); see also (ECF Nos. 22-3, 22-7). 1 II. Legal Standard 2 The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allow summary judgment when the pleadings, 3 depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, 4 show that “there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment 5 as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). A principal purpose of summary judgment is “to isolate 6 and dispose of factually unsupported claims . . . .” Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323– 7 24 (1986). 8 For purposes of summary judgment, disputed factual issues should be construed in favor 9 of the non-moving party. Lujan v. Nat’l Wildlife Fed., 497 U.S. 871, 888 (1990). However, to be 10 entitled to a denial of summary judgment, the non-moving party must “set forth specific facts 11 showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.” Id. 12 In determining summary judgment, the court applies a burden-shifting analysis. “When 13 the party moving for summary judgment would bear the burden of proof at trial, it must come 14 forward with evidence which would entitle it to a directed verdict if the evidence went 15 uncontroverted at trial.” C.A.R. Transp. Brokerage Co. v. Darden Rests., Inc., 213 F.3d 474, 480 16 (9th Cir. 2000). Moreover, “[i]n such a case, the moving party has the initial burden of establishing 17 the absence of a genuine issue of fact on each issue material to its case.” Id. 18 By contrast, when the non-moving party bears the burden of proving the claim or defense, 19 the moving party can meet its burden in two ways: (1) by presenting evidence to negate an essential 20 element of the non-moving party’s case; or (2) by demonstrating that the non-moving party failed 21 to make a showing sufficient to establish an element essential to that party’s case on which that 22 party will bear the burden of proof at trial. See Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 323–24. If the moving 23 party fails to meet its initial burden, summary judgment must be denied and the court need not 24 consider the non-moving party’s evidence. See Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 144, 159– 25 60 (1970). 26 If the moving party satisfies its initial burden, the burden then shifts to the opposing party 27 to establish that a genuine issue of material fact exists. See Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith 28 Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986). To establish the existence of a factual dispute, the James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -2- 1 opposing party need not establish a material issue of fact conclusively in its favor. It is sufficient 2 that “the claimed factual dispute be shown to require a jury or judge to resolve the parties’ differing 3 versions of the truth at trial.” T.W. Elec. Serv., Inc. v. Pac. Elec. Contractors Ass’n, 809 F.2d 626, 4 630 (9th Cir. 1987). 5 III. 6 To show standing to bring a claim, a complaint must show the satisfaction of three prongs: (1) a party must have suffered an “injury in fact,” which is an actual or imminent invasion of a legally protected, concrete, and particularized interest, (2) “there must be a causal connection between the injury and the conduct complained of,” and (3) it must be likely that the injury will be redressable by a favorable decision.” 7 8 Discussion 9 United States v. Kovall, 857 F.3d 1060, 1065 (9th Cir. 2017) (quoting Lujan v. Defs. of 10 Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555, 560–61 (1992)). 11 As mentioned above, the Bank clearly did not hold the contested interest prior to the 12 foreclosure sale. See (ECF No. 22). Therefore, the Bank has not shown that it has standing to 13 bring its claim because the causal connection between the injury and contested action is interrupted 14 by the Bank’s acquisition of its purported interest years after the sale. See Ditech Financial LLC, 15 v. Saticoy Bay LLC Series 4683 Califa, No. 2:17-CV-757-JCM-NJK, 2017 WL 2871068, at *2 (D. 16 Nev. July 3, 2017) (“[F]or plaintiff to succeed on its quiet title action, it needs to show that its 17 claim to the property is superior to all others”); see also United States v. Kovall, 857 F.3d 1060, 18 1065 (9th Cir. 2017). 19 Even if the Bank did have standing, the date of acquisition of the deed of trust prevents the 20 court from determining that plaintiff has a superior claim to title. See Ditech Financial LLC, 2017 21 WL 2871068, at *2. Furthermore, the Bank has not shown that it has exhausted its unjust 22 enrichment claims pursuant to Nevada Revised Statute (“NRS”) § 38.310, and its request for 23 preliminary injunction is not an actionable claim. See, e.g., Carrington Mortg. Servs., LLC v. 24 Absolute Bus. Sols., LLC, No. 2:15-cv-01862-JAD-PAL, 2016 WL 1465339, at *3 (D. Nev. Apr. 25 14, 2016) (holding that an unjust enrichment claim is subject to NRS 38.310’s mediation 26 requirement); Tillman v. Quality Loan Serv. Corp., No. 2:12-cv-346-JCM-RJJ, 2012 WL 1279939, 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge at *3 (D. Nev. Apr. 13, 2012) (finding that “injunctive relief is a remedy, not an independent cause of action”); Jensen v. Quality Loan Serv. Corp., 702 F. Supp. 2d 1183, 1201 (E.D. Cal. 2010) (“A -3- 1 request for injunctive relief by itself does not state a cause of action.”); see also (ECF No. 22). 2 Thus, these claims would not succeed even if plaintiff did show standing. 3 IV. 4 In sum, plaintiff has indicated that it either does not have standing to bring this case, or 5 Conclusion each claim would fail or be dismissed from the present action. 6 Accordingly, 7 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that the Bank’s motion for 8 9 10 summary judgment (ECF No. 22) be, and the same hereby is, DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the complaint (ECF No. 1) be, and the same hereby is, DISMISSED, without prejudice. 11 The clerk shall enter judgment accordingly and close the case. 12 DATED July 18, 2017. 13 14 __________________________________________ UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -4-

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