Espiritu v. Capital One, N.A. et al

Filing 123

ORDER. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that 113 the plaintiff's motion for a stay is GRANTED. Plaintiff is ordered to deposit $38,000 by close of business on 7/10/17 for this stay to be effective. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that 114 plaintiff's motion to shorten time is DENIED as moot. Signed by Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey on 6/27/17. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - ADR)

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1 2 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 3 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 4 5 Martha Espiritu, 6 2:15-cv-01933-JAD-PAL Plaintiff 7 v. 8 Capital One, N.A., et al., 9 Order Granting Plaintiff’s Motion to Stay Execution of Order Defendants [ECF Nos. 113, 114] 10 11 Martha Espiritu stopped making payments on her home mortgage back in 2013, and the 12 defendants foreclosed on the property. In 2015, Espirirtu’s home was sold at a public auction to a 13 third party. But Espiritu continued to live there. She then brought this case challenging the 14 foreclosure. 15 I recently granted summary judgment in favor of the defendants on all of Espiritu’s claims.1 16 Espiritu has appealed and now asks that I stay judgment in this case until the appellate court renders 17 its decision. Espiritu points out that unless the judgment is stayed, the defendants will be able to 18 oust her from the house, which will irreparably harm her. 19 In Nevada, real property is considered “unique” and the loss of real property “generally 20 results in irreparable harm.”2 Although I remain unmoved by Espiritu’s arguments that my prior 21 order was wrong,3 given the injuries involved in disposing of real property, I do find that a stay is 22 23 1 ECF No. 111. 24 2 Dixon v. Thatcher, 742 P.2d 1029, 1030 (Nev. 1987) 25 3 26 27 28 In requesting a stay, Espiritu offers arguments about why she believes my prior order was erroneous. Espiritu failed to raise some of these arguments in her initial opposition to the defendant’s summary judgment motions, so I decline to consider those. Espiritu’s other arguments remain unavailing. She advocates for strained readings of Nevada’s foreclosure statute, which violate Nevada’s canons of construction. And she contends that she raised a triable issue of fact about whether the defendants sent her a notice of the foreclosure sale—but her only material Page 1 of 3 1 warranted here. 2 “To stay execution of judgment, a supersedeas bond is typically required.”4 “The posting of a 3 bond protects the prevailing plaintiff from the risk of a later uncollectible judgment and compensates 4 him for delay in the entry of the final judgment.”5 5 Espiritu requests a $2,000 bond, which she contends will cover the costs of appeal. But a 6 judgment bond is meant to do more than that: it protects the prevailing party’s interests, including 7 damages flowing from the delay caused by the stay. As long as the judgment is stayed, the 8 defendants are deprived of their ongoing interest in this house. They are unable to rent the property, 9 much less sell it. Being unable to sell or rent real property for the months or years that this case 10 remains on appeal will cause real damage to the defendants. There is also no guarantee (and Espiritu 11 offers none) that no harm will come to the property during this period. 12 The defendants request a much larger bond: $277,000, the appraised value of the home. But 13 the defendants have not established that this number makes sense either. There is no indication that 14 they will be unable to collect the home if the appeal comes out in their favor. They have thus not 15 shown that they are at risk of losing the entire value of the property. 16 17 I find that the proper bond amount is a fair market rent of the property during the pendency of appeal.6 I thus grant the stay subject to Espiritu’s posting of a bond in the amount of $36,000. This 18 19 20 21 evidence is an unsupported accusation that the defendants are lying about sending the notices. There is simply not enough evidence for a reasonable jury to find that the defendants did not send Espiritu notice of the default and the sale. 4 22 23 24 Finley v. Hartford Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 2010 WL 2762737, at *1 (N.D. Cal. July 13, 2010); see also Rachel v. Banana Republic, Inc., 831 F.2d 1503, 1505 n. 1 (9th Cir. 1987) ( “The purpose of a supersedeas bond is to secure the appellees from a loss resulting from the stay of execution and a full supersedeas bond should therefore be required.”). 5 25 26 27 NLRB v. Westphal, 859 F.2d 818, 819 (9th Cir. 1988). 6 See In re Roussos, 2017 WL 571473, at *7 (Bankr. C.D. Cal. Feb. 10, 2017) (setting supersedeas bond in a real estate case at the fair market value of rent, noting that the inability to collect rent for a property and the possible depreciation of property while it’s being occupied justified this bond). 28 Page 2 of 3 1 number reflects my estimation that this case is likely to remain on appeal for 18 months and that a 2 reasonable monthly rent of a home in this area is $2,000, based on my generalized knowledge of 3 home and rental values in this community. 4 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that the plaintiff’s 5 motion for a stay [ECF Nos. 113] is GRANTED. Plaintiff is ordered to deposit $38,000 by close 6 of business on July 10, 2017 for this stay to be effective. 7 8 9 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion to shorten time [ECF Nos. 114] is DENIED as moot. Dated this 27th day of June, 2017. 10 11 12 _________________________________ Jennifer A. Dorsey United States District Judge 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Page 3 of 3

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