Bank of America, N.A. v. Travata and Montage at Summerlin Centre Homeowners Association et al

Filing 73

ORDER. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that 36 BANA's motion for summary judgment be, and the same hereby is, DENIED.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that 37 the HOA's motion for summary judgment be, and the same hereby is, GRANTE D.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that 35 Eagles' motion for summary judgment be, and the same hereby is, GRANTED, with the caveat that this order does not determine the FHA's interest in the property.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Eagles shall prepare a judgment -reflecting the aforementioned caveat- in accordance with this order within seven (7) days of the date of this order.The clerk shall enter judgment and close the case accordingly. Signed by Judge James C. Mahan on 7/26/17. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - MR)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 *** 7 BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., 8 Plaintiff(s), 9 10 11 Case No. 2:16-CV-345 JCM (GWF) ORDER v. TRAVATA AND MONTAGE AT SUMMERLIN CENTRE, et al., Defendant(s). 12 13 Presently before the court is plaintiff Bank of America, N.A.’s (“BANA”) motion for 14 15 16 17 summary judgment. (ECF No. 36). Defendant NV Eagles LLC (“Eagles”) filed a response (ECF No. 46), as did defendant Travata and Montage at Summerlin Centre (the “HOA”) (ECF No. 42). BANA submitted replies. (ECF Nos. 67, 68). Also before the court is the HOA’s motion for summary judgment. (ECF No. 37). BANA 18 19 filed a response (ECF No. 41), and the HOA filed a reply (ECF No. 66). Also before the court is Eagles’ motion for summary judgment.1 (ECF No. 35). BANA 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 filed a response (ECF No. 40), but no Eagles submitted no reply. I. Introduction The instant litigation involves the May 24, 2013, nonjudicial foreclosure sale of the real property at 1887 Hollywell Street, Las Vegas, Nevada 89135. (ECF No. 36). On May 18, 2011, BANA acquired the senior deed of trust through a recorded assignment of deed of trust, which BANA asserts was covered by Federal Housing Administration (“FHA”) mortgage insurance. (ECF Nos. 36, 36-3). 28 1 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge A supplement and errata to the motion was also filed by Eagles. (ECF Nos. 38, 39). 1 On March 31, 2011, the HOA “recorded a notice of delinquent assessment lien against the 2 property,” indicating a total amount due of $1,181.00. (ECF Nos. 36 at 3); see also (ECF No. 36- 3 4). 4 On June 28, 2011, the HOA’s trustee, Nevada Association Services (“NAS”), recorded a 5 notice of default and election to sell, identifying a total outstanding liability of $2,339.20. (ECF 6 No. 36-5). 7 On June 24, 2011, counsel wrote a letter on behalf of BANA to NAS, asking for “proof” 8 of sum owed on the super-priority portion of the lien. (ECF No. 36 at 3); see also (ECF No. 36- 9 7). BANA did not provide an exact description of the full amount owed on the superpriority lien, 10 but rather gave “a ledger dated July 23, 2011 identifying the total amount allegedly owed to 11 Travata.” (ECF No. 36 at 3). On July 29, 2011, BANA’s counsel submitted a “check for $594.00, the sum of nine 12 13 months of assessments based upon the July 23, 2011 ledger from NAS.” (Id. at 4). On April 26, 2013, the HOA recorded a notice of foreclosure sale, and this document 14 15 identified a total sum due of $6,066.99. (ECF No. 36-6). 16 On June 6, 2013, NAS recorded a foreclosure deed in favor of Underwood Partners, LLC 17 (“Underwood”). (ECF No. 36-8). On October 18, 2013, Underwood transferred its property 18 interest to Eagles. (ECF No. 35-1). 19 II. Legal Standard 20 The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allow summary judgment when the pleadings, 21 depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, 22 show that “there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment 23 as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). A principal purpose of summary judgment is “to isolate 24 and dispose of factually unsupported claims . . . .” Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323– 25 24 (1986). 26 For purposes of summary judgment, disputed factual issues should be construed in favor 27 of the non-moving party. Lujan v. Nat’l Wildlife Fed., 497 U.S. 871, 888 (1990). However, to be 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -2- 1 entitled to a denial of summary judgment, the non-moving party must “set forth specific facts 2 showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.” Id. 3 In determining summary judgment, the court applies a burden-shifting analysis. “When 4 the party moving for summary judgment would bear the burden of proof at trial, it must come 5 forward with evidence which would entitle it to a directed verdict if the evidence went 6 uncontroverted at trial.” C.A.R. Transp. Brokerage Co. v. Darden Rests., Inc., 213 F.3d 474, 480 7 (9th Cir. 2000). Moreover, “[i]n such a case, the moving party has the initial burden of establishing 8 the absence of a genuine issue of fact on each issue material to its case.” Id. 9 By contrast, when the non-moving party bears the burden of proving the claim or defense, 10 the moving party can meet its burden in two ways: (1) by presenting evidence to negate an essential 11 element of the non-moving party’s case; or (2) by demonstrating that the non-moving party failed 12 to make a showing sufficient to establish an element essential to that party’s case on which that 13 party will bear the burden of proof at trial. See Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 323–24. If the moving 14 party fails to meet its initial burden, summary judgment must be denied and the court need not 15 consider the non-moving party’s evidence. See Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 144, 159– 16 60 (1970). 17 If the moving party satisfies its initial burden, the burden then shifts to the opposing party 18 to establish that a genuine issue of material fact exists. See Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith 19 Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986). To establish the existence of a factual dispute, the 20 opposing party need not establish a material issue of fact conclusively in its favor. It is sufficient 21 that “the claimed factual dispute be shown to require a jury or judge to resolve the parties’ differing 22 versions of the truth at trial.” T.W. Elec. Serv., Inc. v. Pac. Elec. Contractors Ass’n, 809 F.2d 626, 23 630 (9th Cir. 1987). 24 III. Discussion 25 This court’s March 9, 2017, order granted Travata’s motion to dismiss as to plaintiff’s 26 claims of wrongful foreclosure and breach of NRS 116.1113. (ECF No. 64). Thus, the only claims 27 remaining in this case are BANA’s request for quiet title and claim for injunctive relief as well as 28 Eagles’ claim for declaratory relief and quiet title. See (ECF Nos. 1, 6). James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -3- 1 a. Injunctive relief as a claim 2 Despite plaintiff’s formulation of this request as a claim, injunctive relief is a remedy, not 3 a cause of action. See, e.g., Ajetunmobi v. Clarion Mortg. Capital, Inc., 595 Fed. Appx. 680, 684 4 (9th Cir. 2014) (citation omitted). Therefore, this claim will be dismissed. 5 b. Quiet title 6 BANA presents what has become a common fact pattern before this court: when a deed- 7 of-trust holder attempts tender of a pecuniary amount less than the total sum purportedly due, as 8 indicated by recorded notices, and the tender is rejected prior to an HOA non-judicial foreclosure 9 sale. See, e.g., Bank of Am., N.A. v. Valley View Meadows Homeowners Ass’n, Inc., No. 2:16-cv- 10 275-JCM-CWH, 2017 WL 2870087, at *4–8 (D. Nev. July 5, 2017); Bank of Am., N.A. v. Ann 11 Losee Homeowners Ass’n, No. 2:16-cv-407-JCM-CWH, 2017 WL 2192968, at *5 (D. Nev. May 12 18, 2017); Bank of Am., N.A. v. Sunrise Ridge Master Homeowners Ass’n, No. 2:16-cv-00381- 13 JCM-PAL, 2017 WL 1843702, at *5 (D. Nev. May 5, 2017); see also Nationstar Mortg., LLC v. 14 Maplewood Springs Homeowners Ass’n, No. 2:15-cv-1683-JCM-CWH, 2017 WL 843177, at *12 15 (D. Nev. Mar. 1, 2017) (discussing the deed-of-trust holder’s pre-foreclosure options to prevent a 16 sale); (ECF Nos. 1, 36). 17 Indeed, BANA asserts the same arguments in this case that this court has confronted in a 18 variety of other instances, under near-identical facts: (1) that “BANA’s [t]ender [d]ischarged the 19 ‘[s]uper-[p]riority’ [l]ien”;2 (2) BANA’s due process rights are violated as applied here because of 20 the refusal of the inadequate tender; (3) that Bourne Valley Court Trust v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., 21 832 F.3d 1154 (9th Cir. 2016), cert. denied, No. 16-1208, 2017 WL 1300223 (U.S. June 26, 2017) 22 (“Bourne Valley”) fatally rendered various portions of Nevada Revised Statute (“NRS”) chapter 23 116 unconstitutional; (4) actual notice is “irrelevant”; (5) BANA incorrectly presumes to have 24 standing to assert a Supremacy Clause challenge based upon the case’s potential impact on the 25 Federal Housing Administration (“FHA”) insurance program when the FHA is not a party to this 26 case, and its purported interest is not clearly challenged; (6) BANA improperly applies the 27 2 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge Notably, a case to which BANA cites has since been vacated and remanded on other grounds. See Stone Hollow Ave. Trust v. Bank of Am., Nat’l Ass’n, 391 P.3d 760 (Nev. 2016); see also (ECF No. 36). -4- 1 restatement approach regarding inadequate sale price and undoing the foreclosure sale; and (7) 2 that SFR Investments Pool 1 v. U.S. Bank, 334 P.3d 408 (Nev. 2014), should not be applied 3 retroactively. (ECF No. 36 at 5–23); see also, e.g., Valley View Meadows, 2017 WL 2870087, at 4 *4–8. 5 There are no material factual differences between the instant case and, to pick just one case 6 mentioned above, Valley View Meadows, wherein this court has confronted and adjudicated the 7 arguments that BANA now asserts here. See 2017 WL 2870087, at *4–8; see also Nationstar 8 Mortg., LLC, 2017 WL 843177, at *12 (generally discussing pre-foreclosure remedies in the HOA 9 sale context); (ECF No. 36). Thus, this court will not rule in BANA’s favor and will instead grant 10 defendants’ motions for summary judgment. 11 IV. Conclusion 12 Therefore, for the same reasons offered in, inter alia, Valley View Meadows and Ann Losee, 13 BANA is not entitled to a decree of quiet title on the property. Instead, title will be quieted in 14 Eagles’ favor. 15 Accordingly, 16 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that BANA’s motion for 17 summary judgment (ECF No. 36) be, and the same hereby is, DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the HOA’s motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 37) 18 19 be, and the same hereby is, GRANTED. 20 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Eagles’ motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 35) 21 be, and the same hereby is, GRANTED, with the caveat that this order does not determine the 22 FHA’s interest in the property. 23 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Eagles shall prepare a judgment—reflecting the 24 aforementioned caveat—in accordance with this order within seven (7) days of the date of this 25 order. 26 ... 27 ... 28 ... James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -5- 1 The clerk shall enter judgment and close the case accordingly. 2 DATED July 26, 2017. 3 4 __________________________________________ UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -6-

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