The Bank Of New York Mellon v. Seven Hills Master Community Association, et al

Filing 37

ORDER. IT IS ORDERED that the Court GRANTS 32 the motion to extend the deadline to effectuate service on Mr. Khawam. The deadline to serve Mr. Khawam is extended by 60 days and SFR shall continue to diligently attempt to locate Mr. Khawams current address during that period. The Court DENIES without prejudice 31 the motion for service by publication. Signed by Magistrate Judge Nancy J. Koppe on 10/18/16. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - ADR)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 9 10 BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, 11 Plaintiff(s), 12 v. 13 SEVEN HILLS MASTER COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION, et al., 14 Defendant(s). 15 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No. 2:16-cv-01128-APG-NJK ORDER (Docket Nos. 31-32) 16 Pending before the Court are SFR’s motions for an extension of time to serve Gaby Khawam and 17 for leave to serve him by publication. Docket Nos. 31-32. The motions are properly resolved without 18 a hearing. See Local Rule 78-1. For the reasons discussed below, the motion to extend is GRANTED 19 and the motion to serve by publication is DENIED without prejudice. 20 I. Motion to Extend Time for Service 21 Where good cause is shown, the time for serving the complaint is extended for an appropriate 22 period. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m). The motion establishes sufficient cause to extend the time for 23 effectuating service on Mr. Khawam by 60 days. 24 II. Motion for Leave to Serve by Publication 25 SFR also seeks leave to serve Mr. Khawam by publication. Service by publication implicates 26 a defendant’s fundamental due process rights. See, e.g., Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 27 339 U.S. 306, 314-15 (1950); Price v. Dunn, 787 P.2d 785, 787 (Nev. 1990). As a result, service by 28 publication is generally disfavored. See, e.g., Trustees of the Nev. Resort Assoc.–Int’l Alliance of 1 Theatrical Stage Employees & Moving Picture Machine Operators v. Alumifax, Inc., 2013 U.S. Dist. 2 Lexis. 106456, *2 (D. Nev. July 29, 2013). 3 The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide for service within the United States pursuant to 4 the law of the state in which the district court is located, or in which service is made. See, e.g., Fed. R. 5 Civ. P. 4(e)(1). Pursuant to Rule 4 of the Nevada Rules of Civil Procedure, parties are generally 6 required to personally serve summons and the complaint upon defendants. Nevada law also permits a 7 party to obtain leave for service by publication when the opposing party, inter alia “cannot, after due 8 diligence be found within the state, or by concealment seeks to avoid the service of summons.” Nev. 9 R. Civ. P. 4(e)(1). There are several factors courts consider to evaluate a party’s due diligence, including 10 the number of attempts made to serve the defendant at his residence and other methods of locating 11 defendants, such as consulting public directories and family members. See Price, 787 P.2d at 786-87; 12 Abreu v. Gilmer, 985 P.2d 746, 747 (Nev. 1999); McNair v. Rivera, 874 P.2d 1240, 1241 (Nev. 1994). 13 In this case, SFR has attempted to determine the whereabouts of Mr. Khawam in this District 14 through various methods. Docket No. 31-1 at 2-3. Based on SFR’s review of Mr. Khawam’s social 15 media accounts, it appears that he now resides in Lebanon. Id. at 3. This raises several issues not 16 addressed in the pending motion. First, it is not clear that Rule 4(e) applies to this case because it 17 governs service on persons within a judicial district of the United States. Compare Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(e) 18 with Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(f) (outlining procedures for serving an individual in a foreign country).1 Second, 19 even assuming Rule 4(e) does apply here, SFR has not explained whether or how it has attempted to 20 locate Mr. Khawam’s current address in Lebanon so that service may be effectuated without resorting 21 to publication. 22 As such, the motion to serve Mr. Khawam by publication will be denied without prejudice. Any 23 renewed motion shall provide legal authority and analysis of whether service of publication is proper 24 on a person in or believed to be in Lebanon. 25 // 26 // 27 28 1 Nor has SFR addressed whether service by publication would be proper under Rule 4(f). 2 1 III. Conclusion 2 Accordingly, the Court GRANTS the motion to extend the deadline to effectuate service on Mr. 3 Khawam. The deadline to serve Mr. Khawam is extended by 60 days and SFR shall continue to 4 diligently attempt to locate Mr. Khawam’s current address during that period. The Court DENIES 5 without prejudice the motion for service by publication. 6 IT IS SO ORDERED. 7 DATED: October 18, 2016 8 9 ______________________________________ NANCY J. KOPPE United States Magistrate Judge 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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