I-Am et al v. County of Clark et al

Filing 40

ORDER that this action is dismissed with prejudice based on Plaintiffs' failure to file an amended complaint in compliance with this Court's Order. TheClerk is directed to enter judgment in favor of Defendants and close this case. Signed by Judge Miranda M. Du on 04/24/2017. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - KW)

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1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 7 *** 8 9 10 11 NANA – I AM, et al., Case No. 2:16-cv-01631-MMD-GWF Plaintiffs, ORDER v. COUNTY OF CLARK, et al., 12 Defendants. 13 14 On March 10, 2017, the Court granted Defendants’ motions to dismiss and gave 15 Plaintiffs leave to amend certain claims within thirty (30) days (“Order”). (ECF No. 35.) 16 The 30-day period has now expired, and Plaintiffs have not filed an amended complaint.1 17 District courts have the inherent power to control their dockets and “[i]n the 18 exercise of that power, they may impose sanctions including, where appropriate . . . 19 dismissal” of a case. Thompson v. Hous. Auth. of City of Los Angeles, 782 F.2d 829, 831 20 (9th Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure 21 to prosecute an action, failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. 22 See Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance 23 with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for 24 failure to comply with an order requiring amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 25 F.2d 1439, 1440-41 (9th Cir. 1988) (dismissal for failure to comply with local rule requiring 26 pro se plaintiffs to keep court apprised of address); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 27 28 1In fact, the Court’s Order was returned as undeliverable as to three of the plaintiffs (ECF Nos. 36, 37, 38). It appears that those plaintiffs have failed to file their updated mailing addresses. 1 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply with court order); Henderson 2 v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for lack of prosecution and 3 failure to comply with local rules). 4 In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, failure to obey 5 a court order, or failure to comply with local rules, the court must consider several factors: 6 (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to 7 manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring 8 disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives. 9 Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; Malone, 833 F.2d at 130; 10 Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53. 11 In the instant case, the Court finds that the first two factors, the public’s interest in 12 expeditiously resolving this litigation and the Court’s interest in managing the docket, 13 weigh in favor of dismissal. The third factor, risk of prejudice to defendant, also weighs in 14 favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises from the occurrence of 15 unreasonable delay in filing a pleading ordered by the court or prosecuting an action. See 16 Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor ─ public policy 17 favoring disposition of cases on their merits ─ is greatly outweighed by the factors in favor 18 of dismissal discussed herein. Finally, a court’s warning to a party that her failure to obey 19 the court’s order will result in dismissal satisfies the “consideration of alternatives” 20 requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833 F.2d at 132-33; Henderson, 779 F.2d 21 at 1424. The Court’s Order giving leave for Plaintiffs to amend their complaint within thirty 22 (30) days expressly stated: “Failure to file an amended complaint with this deadline will 23 result in dismissal of this action with prejudice.” (ECF No. 35.) Thus, Plaintiffs had 24 adequate warning that dismissal would result from their noncompliance with the Court’s 25 Order. 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// 1 It is therefore ordered that this action is dismissed with prejudice based on 2 Plaintiffs’ failure to file an amended complaint in compliance with this Court’s Order. The 3 Clerk is directed to enter judgment in favor of Defendants and close this case. 4 DATED THIS 24th day of April 2017. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 MIRANDA M. DU UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

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