Mehudar v. Nydam II et al

Filing 47

ORDER granting Defendants' ECF No. 11 Motion to Dismiss; giving Plaintiff 30 days to file an amended complaint; directing Clerk to strike ECF Nos. 4 , 6 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 19 , 20 , 25 , 26 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 39 , 41 , 42 , 45 , 46 , and any accompanying exhibits from the record. Signed by Judge Miranda M. Du on 4/26/2017. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - KR)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 *** Case No. 2:16-cv-02196-MMD-GWF HEATHER LEE MEHUDAR, 7 Plaintiff, 8 ORDER v. 9 DAVID NYDAM II, a man; DOREEN PINE, a woman; TIFFANY PUGH, a woman; RACHAEL HARRIS, a woman, 10 11 Defendants. 12 13 I SUMMARY 14 Before the Court is Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss (“Motion”) (ECF No. 11). Plaintiff 15 did not file a proper response to the Motion; instead, she filed a 237-page memorandum 16 of points and authorities (ECF Nos. 14, 14-1).1 Defendants have replied (ECF No. 22.) For 17 the reasons stated below, the Motion is granted and Plaintiff’s complaint is dismissed 18 without prejudice. 19 In addition, Plaintiff has filed seventeen notices that do not comply with the Local 20 Rules. (ECF Nos. 4, 6, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 39, 41, 42, 45, 46.) The Court 21 therefore directs the Clerk to strike these notices and any attached exhibits from the 22 record. 23 II. BACKGROUND 24 Plaintiff Heather Lee Mehudar alleges that she was wrongfully terminated from her 25 employment at Rock Springs Massage Envy in Las Vegas, Nevada, which is allegedly 26 27 28 1Plaintiff attempted to file a proper response after the deadline for doing so had passed. (ECF No. 32). Defendants filed a motion to strike the document (ECF No. 36), which the Court granted (ECF No. 43). 1 owned by Defendants David Nydam II and Doreen Pine. (ECF No. 1 at 1.) The Complaint 2 does not identify who the other two named Defendants are. 3 Plaintiff claims she was the victim of discrimination and harassment, that she was 4 terminated for her disabilities, denied equal compensation, harassed on the basis of her 5 religion and sex, and retaliated against for reporting workplace harassment and hostilities. 6 (Id.) She also claims she is the victim of slander, libel, conspiracy, defamation of character, 7 and additional financial abuse by Defendants. 8 Plaintiff appears to bring suit under the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of 9 Human Rights (id. at 2), the Bill of Rights, and Articles VII and IX2 of the United States 10 Constitution (id. at 1). She seeks $1,111,111.11 in compensatory damages, damages for 11 financial suffering and emotional distress, and “three times the claim in punitive damages.” 12 (Id. at 2.) 13 III. DISCUSSION 14 A. Legal Standard 15 A court may dismiss a plaintiff’s complaint for “failure to state a claim upon which 16 relief can be granted.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). A properly pleaded complaint must provide 17 “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. 18 R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2); Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). The Rule 8 19 notice pleading standard requires Plaintiff to “give the defendant fair notice of what the . . 20 . claim is and the grounds upon which it rests.” Id. (internal quotation marks and citation 21 omitted). While Rule 8 does not require detailed factual allegations, it demands more than 22 “labels and conclusions” or a “formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action.” 23 Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555). “Factual 24 allegations must be enough to rise above the speculative level.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 25 555. Thus, to survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual 26 /// 27 28 2There is no Article IX in the United States Constitution. 2 1 matter to “state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (internal 2 quotation marks omitted). 3 In Iqbal, the Supreme Court clarified the two-step approach district courts are to 4 apply when considering motions to dismiss. First, a district court must accept as true all 5 well-pleaded factual allegations in the complaint; however, legal conclusions are not 6 entitled to the assumption of truth. Id. at 678. Mere recitals of the elements of a cause of 7 action, supported only by conclusory statements, do not suffice. Id. Second, a district court 8 must consider whether the factual allegations in the complaint allege a plausible claim for 9 relief. Id. at 679. A claim is facially plausible when the plaintiff’s complaint alleges facts 10 that allow a court to draw a reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the alleged 11 misconduct. Id. at 678. Where the complaint does not permit the court to infer more than 12 the mere possibility of misconduct, the complaint has “alleged ― but has not shown ― 13 that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Id. at 679 (internal quotation marks omitted). When 14 the claims in a complaint have not crossed the line from conceivable to plausible, the 15 complaint must be dismissed. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570. A complaint must contain either 16 direct or inferential allegations concerning “all the material elements necessary to sustain 17 recovery under some viable legal theory.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 562 (quoting Car Carriers, 18 Inc. v. Ford Motor Co., 745 F.2d 1101, 1106 (7th Cir. 1989) (emphasis in original)). Mindful 19 of the fact that the Supreme Court has “instructed the federal courts to liberally construe 20 the ‘inartful pleading’ of pro se litigants,” Eldridge v. Block, 832 F.2d 1132, 1137 (9th Cir. 21 1987), the Court will view Plaintiff’s pleadings with the appropriate degree of leniency. 22 B. Factual Deficiencies 23 As a preliminary matter, the Court finds no facts in the Complaint other than 24 Plaintiff’s statement that she was terminated by her former employer, Rock Springs 25 Massage Envy and that Defendants Nydam II and Pine are the owners of the business. 26 (See ECF No. 1 at 1.) All other statements in the Complaint are conclusory legal 27 statements without any facts to support them. As a result, the Court finds that Plaintiff has 28 failed to satisfy Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8, which requires a short, plain statement 3 1 of the claim showing entitlement to relief and not an “unadorned the-defendant-unlawfully- 2 harmed-me accusation.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555)). 3 Moreover, there are no cognizable legal claims under the United Nations’ Universal 4 Declaration of Human Rights or Article VII of the Constitution.3 The Universal Declaration 5 of Human Rights is a statement of principles and creates no legal obligations judicable by 6 a federal district court. See Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, 542 U.S. 692, 734-735 (2004). 7 Article VII of the Constitution merely identifies how the Constitution is ratified, enabling it 8 to have legal force. See U.S. CONST., art. VII (“The Ratification of the Conventions of nine 9 States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so 10 ratifying the Same.”). 11 The Court has discretion to grant leave to amend and should freely do so “when 12 justice so requires.” Allen v. City of Beverly Hills, 911 F.2d 367, 373 (9th Cir. 1990) (quoting 13 Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)). As pleaded, the Complaint does not contain sufficient facts or any 14 cognizable legal theories. However, the Court is unclear on whether amendment would 15 be futile. Accordingly, the Court grants Plaintiff leave to amend the Complaint if she is able 16 to cure the deficiencies identified in this Order. 17 IV. CONCLUSION 18 The Court notes that the parties made several arguments and cited to several cases 19 not discussed above. The Court has reviewed these arguments and cases and determines 20 that they do not warrant discussion as they do not affect the outcome of Defendants’ 21 Motion. 22 It is hereby ordered that Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 11) is granted. 23 Plaintiff may file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days of this order to cure the 24 deficiencies of her Complaint. Failure to file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days 25 will result in dismissal of this action with prejudice. 26 /// 27 28 3The Bill of Rights includes ten amendments. The Court is unable to decipher which amendment Plaintiff attempts to assert in the Complaint. 4 1 2 The Clerk is directed to strike ECF Nos. 4, 6, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 39, 41, 42, 45, 46, and any accompanying exhibits from the record. 3 4 DATED THIS 26th day of April 2017. 5 6 MIRANDA M. DU UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5

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