Rosiere v. United States of America

Filing 16

ORDER Adopting in full Magistrate Judge Leen's 11 Report and Recommendation. This case is DISMISSED for lack of jurisdiction. Plaintiff's 4 Motion/Application for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis is Denied as moot. Plaintiff&# 039;s 15 Motion for Leave to Amend is liberally construed as an Objection to the 15 Report and Recommendation is OVERRULED and DENIED. The Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment accordingly and close the case. Signed by Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey on 8/15/2017. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - SLD)

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1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 3 4 Shaun Rosiere, 5 Plaintiff 6 United States of America, 8 Order Adopting Report of Findings and Recommendation and Dismissing Case v. 7 2:17-cv-0144-JAD-PAL Defendant [ECF Nos. 4, 11, 15] 9 10 Pro se plaintiff Shaun Rosiere brings this action to obtain a contract interpretation and 11 transcript interpretation regarding a plea agreement executed in the District of New Jersey to 12 resolve his federal criminal charges.1 He claims that he is not asking the court to overturn his 13 federal conviction, so he is not seeking habeas relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. And he contends 14 that this court has jurisdiction to hear his case because the terms of his federal probation do not 15 permit him to leave Nevada until November 2018.2 16 Magistrate Judge Peggy Leen screened his complaint and determined that it is really an 17 unauthorized successive habeas petition, which—even if it were filed with permission—this 18 court lacks jurisdiction to entertain because only Rosiere’s sentencing court has that power.3 19 Judge Leen recommends that I deny Rosiere’s application to proceed in forma pauperis and 20 dismiss and close this case because “it is clear from the face of his Complaint that the 21 jurisdictional deficiency cannot be cured by amendment.”4 22 Rosiere did not file an objection to the report and recommendation. Instead, he filed a 23 24 25 1 See ECF No. 1-1. 27 2 Id. 28 3 ECF No. 11. 4 Id. at 7. 26 1 motion for leave to amend.5 “[N]o review is required of a magistrate judge’s report and 2 recommendation unless objections are filed.” Nevertheless, I liberally construe Rosiere’s motion 3 as this pro se petitioner’s objection to Magistrate Judge Leen’s report and recommendation, and 4 after a de novo review of the Order and Report of Findings and Recommendation,6 I overrule it. 5 Rosiere’s main argument is that he should benefit from the federal courts’ recognition 6 that leave to amend should be freely granted. Rosiere is right that district courts are required to 7 freely grant leave to amend.7 But that general rule “does not extend to cases in which any 8 amendment would be an exercise in futility, or where the amended complaint would also be 9 subject to dismissal.”8 “A pro se litigant” need not be given leave to amend if “it is absolutely 10 clear that the deficiencies of the complaint could not be cured by amendment.”9 11 That is precisely the situation we have here. Rosiere labels this action as one for contract 12 and transcript interpretation, and he states that he is “not asking the court to overturn any federal 13 conviction.” In substance, however, this is a successive § 2255 petition; Rosiere did not obtain 14 approval from the Third Circuit to file it; and even if he had, only Rosiere’s sentencing court has 15 jurisdiction to hear that petition.10 No additional fact or case that Rosiere could possibly add to 16 his pleading can cure this fatal problem: this court lacks jurisdiction to hear this case. Rosiere’s 17 objection that he should be permitted leave to amend is overruled. 18 Rosiere’s remaining arguments merely express disappointment with the “perception” 19 20 5 ECF No. 15. 6 ECF No. 11. 7 Id. 21 22 23 24 8 Steckman v. Hart Brewing, Inc., 143 F.3d 1293, 1298 (9th Cir. 1998) (internal citations omitted). 25 9 26 27 28 Cato v. U.S., 70 F.3d 1103, 1106 (9th Cir. 1995). 10 See ECF No. 11 at 5–7. Plus, his claims are entirely duplicative of the contentions he raised in two civil actions related to his criminal conviction that he filed in the District of New Jersey. Those claims, too, were dismissed. 2 1 about his cognitive abilities that he believes the magistrate judge’s report and recommendation 2 leaves.11 He objects that the R&R “leaves the perception” that he “was not capable of presenting 3 a legal argument before the court ever,” that he lacks the “ability to read and understand,” and 4 that his filings in other cases “have not been for any valid reasoning.”12 Rosiere does not identify 5 which statements, exactly, he feels create this “perception,” and it does not appear to me that 6 such a “perception” was left. Nevertheless, I note that my decision to adopt the report and 7 recommendation in toto is based in no way on any such perception. 8 Conclusion 9 Accordingly, with good cause appearing and no reason to delay, IT IS HEREBY 10 ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that Magistrate Judge Leen’s Order and Report of 11 Findings and Recommendation [ECF No. 11] is ADOPTED in full; this case is DISMISSED 12 for lack of jurisdiction. 13 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s application for leave to proceed in forma 14 pauperis [ECF No. 4] is DENIED as moot, and plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to Amend, which I 15 liberally construe as an objection to the R&R [ECF No. 15] is OVERRULED and DENIED. 16 The Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment accordingly and CLOSE THIS CASE. 17 DATED: August 15, 2017 18 _______________________________ _______________ _ _____ _ _ Jennifer A. Dorsey Dorsey or or y United States District Judge es Judge d 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 11 28 12 ECF No. 15. Id. 3

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