Brothers v. Neven et al
ORDER. IT IS ORDERED that 78 Defendants motion to seal is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the hearing on this motion set for 5/6/2021 is VACATED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Brenda Weksler on 4/27/2021. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - JQC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEVADA
Terrance D. Brothers,
Case No. 2:17-cv-00641-JCM-BNW
Dwight Neven, et al.,
Defendants Dwight Neven and Romeo Aranas move to file Exhibit A to their motion for
summary judgment under seal. ECF No. 78. The sealed exhibit is filed at ECF No. 79. Plaintiff
has not opposed this request, and Defendants meet the compelling reason standard for sealing
Exhibit A. Accordingly, this Court grants Defendants’ motion.
Generally, the public has a right to inspect and copy judicial records. Kamakana v. City &
Cnty. of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1178 (9th Cir. 2006). Such records are presumptively publicly
accessible. Id. Consequently, a party seeking to seal a judicial record bears the burden of
overcoming this strong presumption. Id. In the case of dispositive motions, the party seeking to
seal the record must articulate compelling reasons supported by specific factual findings that
outweigh the general history of access and the public policies favoring disclosure, such as the
public interest in understanding the judicial process. Id. at 1178-79 (alteration and internal
quotation marks and citations omitted). The Ninth Circuit has further held that the full
presumption of public access applies to technically non-dispositive motions and attached
documents as well if the motion is “more than tangentially related to the merits of the case.” Ctr.
for Auto Safety v. Chrysler Grp., LLC, 809 F.3d 1092, 1101 (9th Cir. 2016).
A compelling reason may exist to seal a judicial record when such court files might
become a vehicle for improper purposes, such as the use of records to gratify private spite,
promote public scandal, circulate libelous statements, or release trade secrets. Kamakana, 447
F.3d at 1179 (quotation omitted). However, avoiding a litigant’s embarrassment, incrimination,
or exposure to further litigation will not, without more, compel the court to seal its records. Id.
Defendants seek to seal Exhibit A to their motion for summary judgment, as it contains
portions of Plaintiff’s medical records, including diagnoses, treatment plans, and other
communications about Plaintiff’s medical condition. Given this is an exhibit to a dispositive
motion, Defendants must show compelling reasons to overcome the presumption that this filing
should be publicly accessible.
The Court notes that medical records are deemed confidential under the Health Insurance
Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. See Webb v. Smart Document Solutions, LLC, 499
F.3d 1078, 1082 (9th Cir. 2007). Thus, this Court finds that medical privacy is a “compelling
reason,” for sealing records. See also San Ramon Regional Med. Ctr., Inc. v. Principal Life Ins.
Co., 2011 WL89931, at *n. 1 (N.D.Cal. Jan. 10, 2011).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Defendants’ motion to seal (ECF No. 78) is
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the hearing on this motion set for May 6, 2021 is
DATED: April 27, 2021
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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