Andrade et al v. Dillman et al
ORDER. The Court GRANTS the 25 motion to extend the deadline to effectuate service on Defendants, and DENIES without prejudice the request for leave to serve Defendants by publication. The deadline to serve Defendants is extended to 12/15/2020. Signed by Magistrate Judge Nancy J. Koppe on 10/14/2020. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - JQC)
Case 2:20-cv-01021-JAD-NJK Document 26 Filed 10/14/20 Page 1 of 2
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEVADA
MARCUS ANDRADE, et al.,
Case No.: 2:20-cv-01021-JAD-NJK
JAPHETH DILLMAN, et al.,
[Docket No. 25]
Pending before the Court is Plaintiffs’ motion for an extension of time to serve Defendants
12 Japheth Dillman and Block Bits AML Holdings (“Defendants”) and for leave to serve Defendants
13 by publication. Docket No. 25. The motion is properly resolved without a hearing. See Local
14 Rule 78-1. For the reasons discussed below, the motion to extend the time to serve Defendants is
15 GRANTED, and the request to serve Defendants by publication is DENIED without prejudice.
Motion to Extend Time for Service
Where good cause is shown, the time for serving the complaint is extended for an
18 appropriate period. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(m). The motion establishes sufficient cause to extend the
19 time for effectuating service on Defendants to December 15, 2020.
Motion for Leave to Serve by Publication
Plaintiffs also seek leave to serve Defendants by publication. Service by publication is
22 generally disfavored because substituted service implicates a defendant’s constitutional right to
23 due process. See, e.g., Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 339 U.S. 306, 314–15;
24 Trustees of the Nev. Resort Assoc.—Int’l Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees & Moving
25 Picture Machine Operators v. Alumifax, Inc., 2013 U.S. Dist. Lexis. 106456, *2 (D. Nev. July 29,
Service is to be provided pursuant to the law of the forum state, or in which service is made.
28 See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(e)(1). Nevada law permits service by publication if the plaintiff cannot, after
Case 2:20-cv-01021-JAD-NJK Document 26 Filed 10/14/20 Page 2 of 2
1 due diligence, locate the defendant. See Nev.R.Civ.P. 4.4(c)(1)(a). Due diligence is that which is
2 appropriate to accomplish actual notice and is reasonably calculated to do so. See Abreu v. Gilmer,
3 115 Nev. 308, 313 (1999) (citing Parker v. Ross, 117 Utah 417, 217 P.2d 373, 379 (Utah 1950)).
4 Courts may consider the number of attempts made to serve the defendant at his residence and other
5 methods of locating the defendant, such as consulting public directories and family members. See,
6 e.g., Price v. Dunn, 787 P.2d 786, 786-87; Abreu 115 Nev. at 313; McNair v. Rivera, 110 Nev.
7 463, 874 P.2d 1240, 1241 (Nev. 1994).
Plaintiffs submit that they have demonstrated the requisite due diligence. Docket No. 25
9 at 3. Plaintiffs submit that Defendants “currently reside in an unknown unit” at a specific
10 California address. Docket No. 25-1 at 3. Plaintiffs further submit that they “were unable to find
11 the unit number . . . and do not have any alternative addresses” for Defendants. Id. However, it
12 appears that Plaintiffs have attempted to serve Defendants at the California address only once. See
13 Docket No. 25-2 at 4–5. Moreover, Plaintiffs have failed to document what efforts they undertook
14 to locate the unit number or other addresses. In fact, Plaintiffs do not discuss what efforts, in
15 addition to searching addresses, they have undertaken to satisfy their due diligence for purposes
16 of service by publication. Thus, Plaintiffs have failed to demonstrate the requisite due diligence
17 to warrant allowing service by publication. See Tsai-Lu Shen v. LaCour, 2020 WL 888042, at *2
18 (D. Nev. Feb. 24, 2020) (denying motion to serve by publication where “[p]laintiff has not shown
19 that he has investigated any other likely sources of information to locate the defendant”).
Accordingly, the Court GRANTS the motion to extend the deadline to effectuate service
22 on Defendants, and DENIES without prejudice the request for leave to serve Defendants by
23 publication. Docket No. 25. The deadline to serve Defendants is extended to December 15, 2020.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: October 14, 2020
Nancy J. Koppe
United States Magistrate Judge
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