Davis v. American Education Services LLC et al
ORDER. IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the defendants' motion to dismiss 40 is DENIED without prejudice to their ability to reassert the grounds for dismissal in bankruptcy court or if this case is reactivated. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the de fendants' motion to strike the class allegations 32 is DENIED without prejudice. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is referred to the bankruptcy court for the District of Nevada to determine all core bankruptcy issues in this case and non- core issues that the parties consent to be adjudicated by the bankruptcy courtsubject to the limitations on that court's jurisdictionrelated to or arising from plaintiff Amanda Davis's prior bankruptcy case, 18-16836-btb, and this case is STAYED and the Clerk of Court is to ADMINISTRATIVELY CLOSE THIS CASE. Signed by Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey on 5/22/2023. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - LOE)
Case 2:22-cv-01645-JAD-EJY Document 58 Filed 05/22/23 Page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEVADA
3 Amanda Davis, individually and on behalf of
all others similarly situated,
KeyBank, N.A., et al.,
Case No.: 2:22-cv-01645-JAD-EJY
Order Referring Claims to Bankruptcy
Court and Staying Remainder of Case
[ECF Nos. 32, 40]
Plaintiff Amanda Davis sues KeyBank N.A. and American Education Services, LLC
10 (AES) for collecting on debts that she claims were discharged in bankruptcy and for reporting
11 those debts as current to credit-reporting agencies.1 She brings claims for unjust enrichment and
12 violations of the bankruptcy code, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, and Nevada’s Deceptive Trade
13 Practices Act.2 She asserts those claims on behalf of a putative class, alleging that “[a]s a matter
14 of policy and practice, [d]efendants regularly and consistently fail to engage in any efforts to
15 ensure the debts upon which they attempt to collect are not subject to a bankruptcy discharge.”3
The defendants move to dismiss the complaint, arguing (among other things) that
17 “because federal bankruptcy courts are charged with making dischargeability determinations, it
18 would be procedurally improper for this court to determine whether the loans were dischargeable
19 and within the scope of the bankruptcy court’s discharge order.”4 Davis agrees that certain
ECF No. 16 at ¶¶ 33, 35, 160 (amended complaint).
Id. at ¶¶ 138–172.
Id. at ¶ 7.
ECF No. 40 at 17–18 (cleaned up); ECF No. 46 at 1 (AES’s joinder in KeyBank’s motion).
They also move to strike the class allegations. ECF No. 32; ECF No. 36. Because I stay this
Case 2:22-cv-01645-JAD-EJY Document 58 Filed 05/22/23 Page 2 of 3
1 issues in this case, “including the scope of the discharge order,” should be resolved in the
2 bankruptcy court but “requests [that] this court . . . refer this case to the bankruptcy court” rather
3 than dismiss it.5
The Ninth Circuit has explained that district courts may “refer proceedings arising in,
5 arising under, or related to the bankruptcy code, to bankruptcy courts.”6 Bankruptcy courts
6 “have jurisdiction to hear a broad array of issues,” including “(1) cases under title 11; (2) core
7 bankruptcy proceedings that either arise under the [b]ankruptcy [c]ode or arise in a case under
8 the [c]ode; or (3) cases in which all interested parties consent to the bankruptcy court having
9 jurisdiction to enter a final order in a matter that is related to a case under the bankruptcy code.”7
10 Under the local bankruptcy rules, this district refers all cases that fall within the first two
11 categories to the bankruptcy court.8
In her third cause of action, Davis requests a declaration that the defendants violated the
13 bankruptcy court’s discharge order and the bankruptcy code, so this claim presents a core issue.9
14 Because core-bankruptcy claims like Davis’s are referred to the bankruptcy court under the local
15 rules, and because the parties agree that at least some of the issues in this case are better suited
16 for determination by the bankruptcy court, I refer to the District of Nevada Bankruptcy Court
case pending a determination from the bankruptcy court, I deny that motion without prejudice to
18 its reassertion should this case be reopened after further bankruptcy proceedings.
ECF No. 49 at 11 (cleaned up).
In re Ray, 624 F.3d 1124, 1130 (9th Cir. 2010) (cleaned up).
Id. (cleaned up).
Local Bankruptcy Rule 1001(b)(1) (“All cases under title 11 and all proceedings arising under,
arising in or related to a case under title 11 are referred to the bankruptcy court for this district.”)
In re Gruntz, 202 F.3d 1074, 1081 n.5 (9th Cir. 2000) (listing “determinations as to the
dischargeability of particular debts” as a “core bankruptcy proceeding”). I make no decision as
to the viability of any of Davis’s claims or the proper mechanism to enforce the rights she
asserts. ECF No. 40 at 25.
Case 2:22-cv-01645-JAD-EJY Document 58 Filed 05/22/23 Page 3 of 3
1 the following: all core bankruptcy issues in this case and non-core issues that the parties
2 consent to be adjudicated by the bankruptcy court—subject to the limitations on that
3 court’s jurisdiction.10 And to avoid inconsistent judgments, including on whether Davis’s loans
4 were discharged or whether the defendants violated another court’s discharge order, I stay the
5 remainder of this case pending the bankruptcy court’s final determinations.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the defendants’ motion to dismiss [ECF No. 40] is
8 DENIED without prejudice to their ability to reassert the grounds for dismissal in bankruptcy
9 court or if this case is reactivated.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the defendants’ motion to strike the class allegations
11 [ECF No. 32] is DENIED without prejudice.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is referred to the bankruptcy court for the
13 District of Nevada to determine all core bankruptcy issues in this case and non-core issues that
14 the parties consent to be adjudicated by the bankruptcy court—subject to the limitations on that
15 court’s jurisdiction—related to or arising from plaintiff Amanda Davis’s prior bankruptcy case,
16 18-16836-btb, and this case is STAYED and the Clerk of Court is to ADMINISTRATIVELY
17 CLOSE THIS CASE.
______________ ____ ____________
U.S. District Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey
May 22, 2023
See In re Sasson, 424 F.3d 864, 869 (9th Cir. 2005) (“[W]e have held that a bankruptcy court’s
‘related to’ jurisdiction includes post-confirmation jurisdiction over state[-]court actions such as
breach of contract, breach of covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and fraud when those
claims have a ‘close nexus’ to the bankruptcy proceeding.”); In re Ray, 624 F.3d at 1136
(holding that “the bankruptcy court lacked jurisdiction over the state[-]law breach[-]of[-]contract
claims” where the claim lacked a “close nexus to the bankruptcy plan or proceeding”).
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?