Young v. Grootboom et al

Filing 7

ORDER DISMISSING CASE without Prejudice. The Clerk of Court is directed to ENTER JUDGMENT accordingly and CLOSE THIS CASE. If Mathew Young wishes to pursue his claims, he must file a complaint in a new case, provide the court with his current address, and either pay the required filing fee or apply for pauper status. Signed by Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey on 6/2/2024. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - MAM)

Download PDF
1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 3 4 Mathew Young, 5 v. 6 Case No. 2:23-cv-01374-JAD-NJK Plaintiff Grootboom, et. al., 7 Order Dismissing and Closing Case Defendants 8 9 Plaintiff Mathew Young brings this civil-rights lawsuit to redress constitutional violations 10 that he claims he suffered while incarcerated at Nevada’s High Desert State Prison. On April 22, 11 2024, this court denied Young’s application to proceed in forma pauperis for an inmate as moot 12 because he is no longer incarcerated, and ordered him to either pay the full $402 filing fee or file 13 an application to proceed in forma pauperis for non-inmates by May 22, 2024. 1 That deadline 14 expired without payment of the filing fee or a new application to proceed in forma pauperis, and 15 Young’s mail from this court is being returned as undeliverable. 2 16 District courts have the inherent power to control their dockets and “[i]n the exercise of 17 that power, they may impose sanctions including, where appropriate . . . dismissal” of a case. 3 A 18 court may dismiss an action based on a party’s failure to obey a court order or comply with local 19 rules. 4 In determining whether to dismiss an action on one of these grounds, the court must 20 21 22 23 1 ECF No. 5. 2 ECF No. 6. 3 Thompson v. Hous. Auth. of City of Los Angeles, 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). 4 See Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440–41 (9th Cir. 1988) (dismissal for failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiffs to keep court apprised of address); Malone v. U.S. 1 consider: (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to 2 manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring 3 disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives. 5 4 The first two factors, the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and the 5 court’s interest in managing its docket, weigh in favor of dismissal of the plaintiff’s claims. The 6 third factor, risk of prejudice to defendants, also weighs in favor of dismissal because a 7 presumption of injury arises from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in filing a pleading 8 ordered by the court or prosecuting an action. 6 The fourth factor—the public policy favoring 9 disposition of cases on their merits—is greatly outweighed by the factors favoring dismissal. 10 The fifth factor requires the court to consider whether less drastic alternatives can be used 11 to correct the party’s failure that brought about the court’s need to consider dismissal. 7 Courts 12 “need not exhaust every sanction short of dismissal before finally dismissing a case, but must 13 explore possible and meaningful alternatives.” 8 Because this court cannot operate without 14 collecting reasonable fees, and litigation cannot progress without a plaintiff’s compliance with 15 the court’s order, the only alternative is to enter a second order setting another deadline. But 16 17 Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply with court order). 18 5 In re Phenylpropanolamine Prod. Liab. Litig., 460 F.3d 1217, 1226 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting Malone v. U.S. Postal Serv., 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987)). 19 6 See Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). 20 7 Yourish v. Cal. Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 992 (9th Cir. 1999) (explaining that considering less drastic alternatives before the party has disobeyed a court order does not satisfy this factor); 21 accord Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639, 643 & n.4 (9th Cir. 2002) (explaining that “the persuasive force of” earlier Ninth Circuit cases that “implicitly accepted pursuit of less drastic 22 alternatives prior to disobedience of the court’s order as satisfying this element[,]” i.e., like the “initial granting of leave to amend coupled with the warning of dismissal for failure to 23 comply[,]” have been “eroded” by Yourish). 8 Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986). 2 1 without an updated address, the likelihood that the second order would even reach the plaintiff is 2 low, so issuing a second order will only delay the inevitable and further squander the court’s 3 finite resources. Setting another deadline is not a meaningful alternative given these 4 circumstances. So the fifth factor favors dismissal. 5 Having thoroughly weighed these dismissal factors, I find that they weigh in favor of 6 dismissal. IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that THIS ACTION IS DISMISSED without 7 prejudice based on the plaintiff’s failure to address the matter of the filing fee in compliance with 8 this court’s April 22, 2024, order. The Clerk of Court is directed to ENTER JUDGMENT 9 accordingly and CLOSE THIS CASE. If Mathew Young wishes to pursue his claims, he must 10 file a complaint in a new case, provide the court with his current address, and either pay the 11 required filing fee or apply for pauper status. 12 13 Dated: June 2, 2024 ______________ _________________ U.S. District Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 3

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?