Damon Campbell v. E.K. McDaniel et al

Filing 38

ORDERED the 20 Amended Petiion f WHC is DENIED. FURTHER ORD clerk shall ENTER JUDGMENT ACCORDINGLY. FURTHER ORD that P is DENIED A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY. Signed by Judge Brian E. Sandoval on 9/9/2009. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - DRM) Modified on 9/9/2009 re bold (DRM).

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- - -' ' - -' - FNT! E l rl D u ER E (tSCR I 0 KC5 IA EI E F 62 t -ZS 3 REGF E ND - .. SER E or . Vn l SEF - S X 1 ' l 2 3 4 5 05li1lDSRJ7IAJ28l' G'OFZiFJC F D '5l RI''D R 6 i ' 'aO t t BY:- - - - - - - DF UW P 6 7 8 UNI ED STATES DI TR I T CO UR T T S C DI TR I T O F NEVADA SC 9 DAMON LAMAR CAMPBELL, 1 0 Pettoner ii , ll 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 ) ) ) 3:6-v- 484- ES- PC 0c0 BV ) vs. ) ) ORDER E. . K MCDANI L, a/ E el . , ) ) Respondent . s ) ) ) Thi acton i a petton f ra wrtofhabeas cor us pur uantt 28 U. . .j2254,by s is ii o i p s o SC 1 Damon Cam pbel a Nevada prsonerr pr sent d by counsel The acton com es bef r t e 6 l , i ee e . i oe h 1 Cour wih r spectt is m ert . The Coud w i deny t e petton. 7 tte ot is l l h ii l 1 Fact and Pr cedur lBackgr und 8. s o a o 19 Pettonerwas char ed i t e Ei ht Judi i lDiti tCoud f rCl r Count by way of ii g nh g h c a s rc o ak y 2 amen ed if r a in wi mur erwi t e u e o a d adl weap n( oun 1 an t o c un s 0 d n o m to t hd th s f e y h o c t) d w o t 21 of t m ped mur er t t e u e o adeadl weap n (oun sIan 11.Ex ii6. Thesat ate t d wi h s f h y o c t I d1 ) hbt 1 te 2 alofe a n t e o it n t s ekt e d at p nal .Ex ii5.A j r ti l h l bet e n 2 s i d o i f ne to e h e h e t l c y hbt u y ra was e d w e 23 No em b r5,20 1 an No em ber1 ,2001 Ex ii 48 49,51 5 . Th j r c n it d ve 0 dv 3 . hbt s -6 e u y o vce 24 pettoneroffr tdegr e m ur erwih t e use ofa deadl weapon and atem pt d fr tdegr e ii is e d th y t e is e 25 26 l hee hi isc t d i t i or e i t e f r ' xhi i ' x b t ie n h s d r n h o m i b t ,'ar t osef l dby pettoneri s pport r E ' eh ie ii nu ofhi a e de ha e sc r us pe ii n a d a e l c t d i t e r cor a doc e /21 23. s m n d b a op tto n r o a e n h e d t k t / - 1 m ur erwih t e use ofa deadl weapon.Exhi i 58.Pettoner d th y bt ii was ac ui ed ofc unt11 I . qt t o 1. d 1 The penal phase was hel bet een Novem ber14, t y dw 2001,and Novem ber1 , 6 2001.Exhi is bt 3 5 - 1 Thej r f un t emiga igcr ums an esouwei h dt eagg av tn ci umsanc s 96 . u y o d h t tn ic t c i t ge h r a ig r c te 4 and i posed a sent nce ofIe w i outt e possi it ofpar l f rcount1 Exhi is61and 62. m e it fh h b ly i oe o . bt 5 The t i l ra cour sent nced pettone rt 192 m ont s i prson w ih t e possi i t ofpar l i 43 t e ii o hni th b ly i oe n 6 m ont s, ih an equal h wt and consecutve sent nce f rt e us ofa deadl weapon f rcoun I, i e oh e y o tI 7 t r nc nc ren l t c u t1 Ex i i6 .A j dgm en o c n itonwasen e ed onJ nu r o u o u r ty o o n . h bt 6 u t f o vci tr a ay 8 2 , 2. Ex i i67. Th j d m en ofc n it n n t st a co n In ld s a c n e uie 2 200 hbt e u g t o vci o e h t u t icu e o osct v 9 sent nce ofl e wihoutt e possi iiy ofpar l f rt e use ofa deadl weapon. l . e it f h bl t oe o h y d 1 0 Pettoner ii appeal d, t e Nevada Supr m e Cour afim ed t e convitons.Exhi is e and h e t fr h ci bt l1 68 and 72.O n Sept m ber3, e 2002,pettonerfi d a petton f rw rtofhabeas cor uswih t e ii i e ii o i p th 1 st t di t itcoud. Exhi i 75. The s at coul deni d t e petton , i di g t att e pettoner 2 a e s rc bt te ' t eh ii fn n h h ii 1 had m ade onl bar al gatonsw ihoutany f ct alsuppod. Exhi i 79. Pettonert en fl d 3 y el i e t au bt ii hi e 1 anot er habeas cor us pet i n w ih t e st t di t i t cour on Jul 23, 2004. Exhi i 80. 4 h p io t th a e s rc t y bt 1 Pettoneralo fl d a suppl m ent lbrefi suppcd ofhi petton. Exhi i 81. The ti l 5 ii si e e a in s ii bt ra coud 1 hel a hearng cn t e pettcn on Januar 5,2005,and t en deni d t e petton. Exhi is 83 6 d i h i i y h eh ii bt 1 and 84.Pett nerappeal d, 7 ii o e and t e Nevada Supr m e Coudafim ed t e l w ercoud' deni l h e fr ho s a 1 oft e petton. Exhi is 84 and 9O. Rem i iuri sued on Augus 2,2006. Exhi i 92. 8 h ii bt tt s t t bt 1 9 Pettoneriiit d t e ist ntacton on Sept m ber1,2006 ( ocket/1) The Cour ii nta e h n a i e d /. t 20 appoit d counseland counseli d an amended petton f rwrtofhabeascor us ( ocket ne , fl e ii o i pd 21 #20) Respondensmovedt dim ist eamendedpetton, guiggr undsonet r ughf ur . t ossh ii ar n o ho o 2 ar tme- aredan dono r lt bac t t eor ial t i n( ock to o .ThsCou t an ed 2 ei b r d t ea e k o h i n pe io d e / ) i g t rgr t 23 t e m oton t di m is on June 9,2009,and di m ised gr unds one,t o,t r e,and f ur h i oss ss o w he o 2 ( o k t M ) Re p n ensh v n w an we edp t iner r m aiigcli ( oc et 3 ) d 4 d c e # . s o d t a e o s r e io ' e nn a m d k # 6 an t s 25 pettonerhasfld a r pl ( ocket#37) ii i e e yd . 26 I. Feder lHabeas Cor us St ndar s I a p a d 2 1 3 The Antt rorsm and Efec ie Deat Penaly Act(' EDPA',pr vies t e Igal iri e f tv h t ' A ' od h e ) An appl aton f ra wrtofhabeas cor us on behal ofa per on i iio c i p f sn 2 st ndar f rt e Cour' consi er ton oft i habeas petton: a do h ts d ai hs ii 4 5 c sody pq s an t t e j dgm en o a St t c ur s al no b ut ru t o h u tf ae g t h l t e gr qed wih r spec t any qli t atwas adl diat d on t e at te to am h jg: h m ert i St t coud pr ceedl gs unl ss t e ad udlaton oft e l n ae s o n eh j cl h cl i am 6 7 ( ) r s l d i a d cii n t atwas c nt?r t ,oriv led an 1 e ut n e so h e o ryo n ov unr asgnabl appl aton of clary est bl hed Feder lIw ,as e e i i ,el al c l aa det r l ed by t e Supr m e Cour oft e Unl d St t s'or em n h e th t e ae , 8 9 10 ( ) r q l d i a d csoq t a was b s d on an u r as qa l 2 e ut n e ii h t a n e o be det r l aton oft e f c s I l h oft e evl ence pr sent d l t e em n l h at ni t h g d e e nh St t cour pr c edi g. ae t oe n 11 l 2 l3 14 15 28 U. , j225 ( ) S C. 4d. The AEDPA ' odii d a f der l habeas c ur' r l i r viw i g st t prsoner ' m fe ea o ts o e n e e n ae i appl atons i or er t pr vent f der l habeas 'eti l' and t ensur t at st t - our ii c ndoe ea r ra s o eh aec t c nvitons ar gien efectt t e ext ntpossi l underIw . Bel v Cone,535 U. . o ci ev f oh e be a ' l. ' S 685,693 ( 002) A st t c ud deciin i contal t clary est bl hed Supr m e Cour pr cedent 2 . ae o so s r' o e l a i y s e te , w i i t e mean n o 28 U. . . 225 ,'ft e sa e cou tappisa r l t a c n r dit t e tnh h ig f S C j 4 'i h t t ' rl e ue h t o ta c s h gov r ig lw s tf dh i (h Su r me Co d'jc s s'or'it e s a e c ud c n r nt a s t e nn a e o n t e p e u s a e ' df h t t o o fo s e 'd o f c s t atar mat r l ids iguihabl fo a decii n of(h Su r m e Cour)an f at h e e i l n itn s e r m ay so te p e td ne e h l s aries a a r s ldif r nt r m Ih Supr m e Cour s pr c den . L c yerb. v d ee s r v t e ut fe e fo t e e f ) e e t' o k ' ' 1 6 17 18 19 20 Andr de, 38 U. . 73( 003 ( uo ig W iim st F /o , U. . 62, - 6 ( 000 , a5 S 63, 2 ) q tn la t a r 529 S 3 405 0 2 ) and l cin Bel 53 U. .a 69 ) t g l 5 S t 4. i , A st t cour deci i n i an unr asonabl appl aton ofcl ary es abl hed Supr m e ae t so s e e ii c el ti s e 2l 22 23 24 Cou tpr c den 'i t e s a e c ur ien ie t e c re tgo er ig Ig lprn il fom (h r e e t 'f h t t o t d t is h o r c v nn e a icpe r t e d f Sup em eCour') ciin bu unr as n bl appl st a prn i l t t ef cso t epr on r r t de so s t e o a y i h t icpe o h a t f h i e ' s e s s c s .' L c ye ,5 8 U. .a 75 ( u t g W ii m s,529 U. .a 41 ) The unr as na l a e' o k r 3 S t ' q oi n la l S t 3. e o be appl aton cl use Sequies t e st t coud decii n t be m or t an i corectoreroneous' ii a c s r r h ae so o eh n r r ' ; 25 26 t e st t coud' appl atonofclary esabl hed Iw m us be obj ciel unr asonabl ./ . h ae s ii c el t i s a t e tv y e ed 3 l ( uot g Wiim s 529U. . t .SeealoRa ie t Casr , F.d 75 ( t Ci. 4) qi n la , l S a 409) s m r z t to 365 3 5 9 h r200 . 2 l det r i i gw het era st t cour deci i n i contar t , an unr asonabl appl aton of n e m nn h ae t so s r y o or e e ii c , 3 f der lIw , hi Coud I okst a s at cour' I s r asoned deci i n.See k stt Nunnem aker e aa ts o o te ts a t e so 1t , 4 5 1 U. . O S 797, - 4 ( 991 . u l e v Ma t ,51 F. d 1 0 ,1 09- 0 ( t Ci. 803 0 1 ) Plm e . s o 2 3 2 4 2 1 9 h r 2008 ( n , )e 5 banc) . 6 11 Di cussi n 1. s o 7 I pettoners r m ai i g gr und f rr l fhe ai gest athe i i prsoned i vi l ton of n ii ' e n n o o ei e l e h sm i n oa i 8 hi rght t due pr cess and a f i ti lundert e Fit ,Sit ,and Foureent Amendm ent si so o a r ra h fh x h th s 9 because ti lc unselwer ie/ec ie f rf ing t ivesiat and obj ctt a t pe t at ra o en tv o a l o n tg e i eoah 1 cont i ed a num berofi adm isi l 911phone cal t ati cul at d t e def ndan .Pettoner 0 an n s be lh n pe h s e t ii ll s at st atbutf rti l te h o ra counsel'unpr f ssi nal r r , her i a r asonabl I el ood t att e s o e o ero s t e s e ei i kh hh 1 out om e oft e ti l oul have been dif r nt 2 c h ra w d fe e . 1 3 l or ert pr ve iefectve assit nc ofcounsel pettonerm ustshow ( )counsel n d o o nf i sa e , ii 1 1 ac ed defci nty,i t athi ator ey m ade eror so seroust athi ac i ns wer out i e t e 4 t ie l n h s tn rs i h s to e sd h 1 s o eo p o es i n l c m p t n as it n ean ( ) h de ii n pe/or an eprj diedt e 5 c p f r f so a l o e e t ss a c d 2 t e fce t y m c eu c h 1 ou c m e of t e pr c edig. Stiklnd v W a hi gtn,466 U. . 6 8, 68 - 0 ( 98 ) 6 to h oe n rc a . sno S6 79 1 4 . 1 Regar i g t e fr tpr ng - com m onl known as t e ' fec ieness pr ng'- t e Sti kl nd 7 d n h is o y h ' f tv e o'h rc a 1 Coud expr ssl decl ed t ariul t specii gui el es f rator ey peror ance beyond 8 ey i n o t ae c fc d i n o tn fm 1 gener l ed dutes,i cl di g t e dut ofI yaly, he dut t avoi confi t ofi t r s , he dut 9 ai z i nun h y o tt yo d l s ne e tt c y 20 t advocat t e def ndants c use, t e du yt com m uni at w iht e cl ntcver he cour e o eh e 'a and h t o ce th i e t s 21 oft e pr secuton. / . Def nse counsel dutes ar nott be defned so exhaustvel as t ho i d e ' si e o i iy o 2 gier et a' hec l toru iil v lat n..b c us )al ys c s t r lswoul it /er 2 v i o ' ki f j d ca e a u i .( e a e ( n u h e of ue s c s o d ne e 23 wih t e constt tonal pr t c ed i dependence of counseland r stit t e wi e i t ude th iu i l o e t n y e rc h d ai t 24 counselm us have i m akig t c i al t n n a tc deci i ns. I . so ' d ' 25 // / 26 4 1 The Sti kl nd c onr i stuct d t atr viw ofanator ey' peror ance m us be ' i hl rc a tn r e h e e tn s fm t tg y h 2 def r ntal'and m ustadoptcounsel per pectve att e tm e oft e chal nged conduct i ee i , ' ' ss i hi h l e ,n 3 or ert avoi t e i it ri g e#ec s ofhi dsi ht' I . 689.A r vi w i g cour m us 'ndul e do d h d s o tn t n g . d at ' een t t' g i 4 a stong pr sum pton t at couns l conduc f l wihi t e wi e r nge of r asonabl r e ih e' s t al t n h s da e e 5 pr f ssi nalassit nc ..( nd)t e ( ettoner mus over om e t e pr sum pton t at..t e oe o sa e . a h p ii ) t c he i h .h 6 c al n ed aci n mih b c nsder d so n ti l ta eg . / .( i t n omied) h lg e to g t e o i e u d ra s r t y ' d ct i ao t. t 7 Cons r i g t e Sit Am endm entt guar nt e notefectve counselperse,butr t er tun h x h o ae fi ah 8 a f i pr ceedi g wih a r l bl out om e, he Sti kl nd Cour concl ded t atdem onstatng ar o n t ei e c a t rc a t u h ri 9 t atc unseleibelw anobj cie sandar o r asonablnessal nei isulii ntowarant ho fl o e tv t d fe e o s n ce t r 1 a fndi g ofi efectve assit nce.l or er o satsf Stikl nd' second pr ng, he def ndant 0 in nf i sa ndt i y rc a s ot e 11 mus show t att eator ey' sub- arperor anceprj diedt edef nse./ . 691- 2.The t h h tn s p fm eu c h e d at 9 1 t sti whet ert er i a r asonabl pr babii t at butf rt e ator ey' chal nged conduct 2es h h es e eo ly h , t oh tn s l e , 1 t e r sul oft e pr ceedi g i queston woul hav been dif r nt 1 .at691 94. The Cour 3het h o nn i d e fe e . d t 1 defned r asonabl pr babit as ' pr babit suf ci nt t under i e confdenc i t e 4 i e eo ly i ao ly i he o mn i enh 1 out om e. I .at694. 5 c ld ' 1 6 I e/ectve assit nce of counsel under Sti kl nd r quies a showi g cf defci nt n i sa rc a er n ie 1 p ror anc o c uns les lng i p e u ie ' i peror an e b ig mea ur d ag is an 7 e f m e f o e r ut n r j d c w t i h f m c en s e an t 1 'bec ie sanda d o r as naben s ,. .un erpr v ingpr f s i n l ms. Rompia v 8 o j t t r f e o l e s' . ' d e al v i o e so a nor ' ' l. l 1 Be r ,5 5 U. . 74, ( 005 ( uo a i n omied) It e sat c ur h sal adyr j ced 9 a d 4 S 3 38O 2 ) q t t s t . f h t e o t a r o t e ee t 20 an i efec ie assit nce cl i , f der l n f tv sa a m a e a habeascoud m ayonl gr ntr l fit atdeci i nwas y a ei fh e so 21 contar t ,oran unr asonabl appl aton oft e Sti kl nd st ndar . See Yar or ugh v. r yo e e ii c h rc a a d bo 2 Genty 540U. .1 5( 0 3) Th r i as r n pr su p int at oun el c n uc f l wi i 2 r, S , 2 0 . e e s to g e m to h c s ' o d t a l t n s sh 23 t e w i e r nge ofr asonabl pr f ssi nal st nce. / . h da e e o e o assi a d 2 4 Pettonerr ied t e i s antgr und f rr l fi hi st t habeascor uspet i n,and t e ii as h n t o o ei n s ae e p io t h 2 Nev da Su r m e Co r afr e t e lwerc ud' r j c in o t i cai on app alsat g: 5 a pe u t fi d h o m o s ee t f hs l m o e ,t i n 26 m oton f r evi entar hearng. Cam pbel cl l s t at hi ti l io d iy i l am h s ra 5 Fist Cam pbelcont nds t att e di titcour ered i denyi g hi r, le h h s rc tq n ns couns l e las i efec i e f rf iig t i v stgat t e 911 t pe t at n f tv o a l o n e i e h n ah w as adm lt d i evience durng hi ti l He ar uep t at an te n d i s ra . g h evi entar hearng i necessar t det r i eti l d iy is y o e m n ra couns l r asons e' e s f rn tn es ia igandobec lgt t e a m isono t et p , d o o iv t tn g j t o h d s i f h a e an n t dicer whatwas ac ual r cor ed on t e t pe. W e diagr e. osn t le d y ha se ' pgstconviton habeas pettoneri entted t an pvientar A ci ii s il o d iy hearn; ' nl i he suppors hi ql i s Fih specli f ct al l oyf t s am t fc a u al gatons t atitue woul entte hI t r l f' (n 2:Mean? v. l l h fr e d il m o e l .' f e' S t t , 1 0 Nev. 100 1 ae 2 , . J dgm ent convi ton a pettonerm us dem ons r t t atcounsel u of cl ll t ta e h s Thop ast Sl f ,12O Nqv.37, P. d 818,823( 004). T9st t t ae 83 3 2 )J ae Fcli ofiefectv:asslt qye ofcounsel cintt ival at ,a am n f i sa susi e o n l e d 1 1 ,1 P: 2% 35 ( 00 )( u t g O 6 03 3d 2 4 q ol n p ror an ef lb lw anqbec iesan ar o r a on blne s.f e f m g el eo j t t d d f e s a e s (n v 3: See Stlka d v W as lgt n? UT : ( 98 ) W ar en b r ln . hn o 466 S 688 1 4 , d ' c . . Lyons,1OO Nev.430,683 P. d 5O4 ( 984)) A pettonermust 2 1. ii f rher:st bl h a r asonabl pr babit t at i t e abs nce of ut ai s e eo ly h , n h i e cgunsel eror qt e r sul oft e pr ceedigs Fojl have been ' rs h e t h o s n d dlf r n .f 4: d.Th c ud c ndip s o acll It e pe io er fe e t En I j e o a s o e f a m f h t in t m ak sanis #iin s o igonei er ong.f 5: rc l nd, 66 e n u ce t h w n t pr (n Stika 4 h U. .at697. S ) t e 911t pe, h a Cam pbelf i d t al ge sufi i ntf c s, hih It ue la l o l e e f e a t w c fr c Her q ven assum i g t atc unsel defci ntf rf ing t ( vi w ee nh o was i e o a l o e e i r sul woul have been dif r ntI counselhad m or t or ughl et d fe e f eh o y woul ha e demon tatd a ra on bl pr b bit t a t e tii dv sr e e l a e o a ly h t h ra i iyestgat dand obj ct dt t e adm isinoft et pe.Fudher an n ie e e oh so ha , evl entar hearng was notnec ssal t di cer whqtwas qc ual d iy i e 'o s n y tl y r cor ed on t e t pe because t e t pew as adm ied l t evl ence, ed ha ha t no d t becam e par of het i lqcor , t er f r wasaval bl f rpost t t ra r d and h e o e l eo a convi ton counsel r vl w . Thus,w e concl de t at t e di t it ci 'ee s u hh s rc coud di noter i det r i i g t at an evi entar hearng was d rn e m nn h d iy i unnecessar . y Sec nd, Campbel cont nds t at t e ditit cour erqd i o l e hh src tr n djt r i igt att e st t m ent cont ied ont e 911t pe dI nct e m nn h h a e s an h a d tlgert e Confont ton Cluse.(n 6:U. .Consramend.VI rg h r ai a f S t q Cam pbel f dherg nen s t att e Supr m e Cotr' holi g i lu ot d h h e lts d n n Cr wf r v > as /il r (n 7: 41U. . 6, ( oll! t a ou - f a o d . h rg o lf 5 S 3 68 h d r h t to g cour st t ment by wlnes rs t atar t stm oni !l nat r ar t ae s ts b e e i a q ue e 21 bared undert e Confont ton Cl use unl ss t e wlnesses ar r h r al a eh t e unav4i bl and t e def qdanthad a proroppoduniy t Fr sqle a h e i to o ex m le t e wi es es . I r tojie an t a i a pl s l t l a n h t s l) s e r t n v d h t t p i n hs e c s .Ev njs um igwi oq decdlgt a Cr wf r i r toa t e, a e e s q t t l n h t a o d s e r ci h v Cam pbel f l d t Iclde I t e r cor ofappealte 911 t pe l al o n u n h e d r h p w hlh he cll s gies rse t a Confont ton Cl us: viiton. c am v i o r ai a oal W i ou t> tpewear jnabet q q ld tatte dltitc ul t !h a h e l o o cu e h h sr g ' c t ered. 'tI t e pp el pt r s qn l lt t pr vie t e ma er l r ' s h p l ' l p sbly o o d h I as i t ls a ae n c s ar f rt l c u ' r vlw . (n 8:J c b : St t ,91 Nev. e e s y o hs o ds e e ' f ' aos 1 5,1 8, 2 P. d 1 3 ,1 3 ( 9 5) se alo NRAP 3 ( )3)j 5 5 53 2 0 4 0 6 1 7 ' e s , 0b( . .. . Exhi i 9O. bt 1 Pettonerhas notdem onstat d t att e Nevada Supr m e Coud' det r i aton was ii re h h e s em n i 2 an obeciel unr as nabl appia in o f der lIw,as de er ied b Uni d St t s j tv y e o e lt c o fe a a t mn yt e ae 3 Su r m e Coud pr c den . I Cr wf r v Was i gt n,5 1 U. .3 , ( 0 4) t e Unt d pe e e t n a o d . hn o 4 S 6 68 2 0 ,h i e 4 St t s Supr m e Coud hei t atoutofcoud st t m ent t atar 'es i oni l ar i adm isi l ae e dh -ae sh e t tm a ' e n s be 5 atti lpur uantt t e Confont ton Cl use unl sst e decl r n i unavai bl t t stf and ra s oh r ai a eh a a ts l e o e iy a 6 t e def ndanthad a proropporuniy t cr ss- xam i e t e decl r nt I addii n, he Uni d h e i ttoo e nh aa . n to t t e 7 St t s Supr m e Cour has r ier t d 'hat w hen t e decl r ntappear f rcr ss exam i aton ae e t et ae t , h aa so o ni 8 att i lt e Confont ton Cl use pl c s no constai t ataIon t e use ofhi prort s i oni l ra , h r ai a ae r ns Ih s i e tm a 9 st t m ent . I .at59. ae s' d ' 1 0 Pe ion r sat s t a c un elf i d t iv s ia e an o j c t t e plyig an t i e t e h t o s a l o n e t t d be t o h a n t e g d 11 adm isi n ofa t pe whi h cont i ed sever l911 em er ency cal fom peopl w ho di not so a c an a g lr s e d 1 t st y atti l Specii al ,pet i nerpoi t t t e 911 calofa m an,possi l nam ed Tuiw ho 2 ei f ra . fc l y io t ns o h l by , 1 s at s t ata m an shotsom eone fom t e r stoom (n t e botom foor Pettonercont nds 3 te h r h er )h t l. ii e 1 t atone oft e i sues i t e cas wasw her t e shootng occured, r m i si e an apadm ent 4h hs nh e eh i r fo n d 1 orfom out i e oft e apadm ent Thi per on di nott stf atti l Aferr vi w i g t e 911 5 r sd h .ss d ei y ra . t e e n h 1 t pe,i appear a m an nam ed Tui d s at t atone per on shotsom eone fom t e r stoom 6a t s di t e h s r h er 1 on t e botom foo roft e aparm entbui i g. Exhi i 24. 7 h t l h t ln d bt l 8 Fist t e Coud wil e t atCr w f r i notappl abl i t i case, t e Uni d St t s r ,h lnot h a ods i e n hs c as h t e ae 1 Supr m e Cour has hel t atCr wf r wilnotbe r toactvel appl d t cases on col t r l 9 e t dh a od l er i y io e l ea a 2 r ve . ho tn v Boc t g, 27S. 11 3 ( 00 ) Pet in r j dgm en ofc n itonwas 0 e iw W ro . ki 1 n Ct 7 2 7 . io e ' u t s t o vc i 21 fnalprort t e isuance of Cr w f r . Ther f r ,i or ert show t ata vi l ton oft e i i oh s a od eo e n d o h oai h 22 Confont ton Cl use occured,pettonerm us dem ons r t t att e decl r ntoft e outof r ai a r ii t ta e h h aa h -23 coud st t m entw i t stf atti lori unavai bl ,and i unavai bl ,t att e st t m en i ae le i l y ra s le a f l e h h ae a ts 2 ad qua el r l bl or r swodh .Boc t g k Ba e , F. d 9 3, ( t Ci. oo7lcin 4 e t y ei e tu t a y ki r y r 5O5 3 7 978 9 h r z t t g n. i 2 Ohi v Ro ers 448 U, .5 ,65- 6 ( 9 0). Furh r or ,un erRo ers a h aray 5 o . b t, S6 6 1 8 )2 te m e d bt es 26 2 W hie Robe t wasove r ld by Cr njl d,a t i Cour not d Cr wj r i notrtoa tve l rs ru e a lr s h s t e a bd s er ci , . t e e or Robe t ,hol i g apples i t i c s . h rf e rs dn n hs ae 7 1 st t m entdoes notvi lt t e Confont ton Cl us i t e hear ay st t m entf l wihi a ae oa e h r ai a e fh s ae al t n s 2 fr l r ot d hear ay excepton. 448 U. .at66. im y o e s i S 3 The decl r ntoft e st t m enton t e 911 t pe was nctavai bl atti l and t us hi aa h ae h a le a ra , h s 4 s at m enthad t be adequat l r l bl ortust orhy i or ert be pr pery adm it d atti l te o ey e i e r w t n d o a ol te ra , 5 or had t f l w ihi a fr l r ot d hear ay excepton. The 911 cal can be c nsi er d o al t n im y o e s i l s o de 6 sp n an ou s a em en sorex i d ut r nc s See W iz rk Ha , 4 F.d 11 2 ( t Ci. o t e s tt t ct te a e . e n e ' # 49 3 9 9 h r . 7 2007) A spont neousst t m enti r l bl iii ofer d i ihoutt e oppoduni t r fecton . a ae s e i e fts f e d t a w h t o el y 8 t e consequences of one' ex lm aton. W hie k. Ii oi, 502 U. .346,356 ( 992) h s ca i ' ' t ' ln s l S 1. 9 Spont neous s at m ent orexcied uter nces ar m ade i con ex s t atpr vi e subst ntal a te s t ta e n tth od ai 1 guar nt es of t ei t ust o dhi ess and ar f im l r ot d' hear ay exceptons t at ' ary 0 ae h rr w n e 'r y o e ' f s i h 'l c' 11 sufi i nti di i ofr labit t satsf t e r l bit r quiem entposed by t e Confont ton f e n ca c e i ly o i y h e i ly e r i ai h r ai 1 Cl use./ .at355,n. ( iigI aho1.Wrght497 U. . 2 a 'd ' 8 ctn d i, S 805,817 ( 990).TheCoudfndst at 1) ih 1 st t m ent m ade on t e 911 t pe f l wihi t e ex i d uter nce orspont neous st t m ent 3 ae s h a al t n h ct e ta a ae 1 excepton t hear ay,as each cal was m ade whi t e shootng was occuri g,orw ihi 4 io s l lh e i rn tn 1 m i ut s of w hen t e crm es w e r com m i ed . Ther i no i di aton t at t er w as an 5 ne h i e t t es nci h he 1 oppoduni f r t e 911 cal r t pause or r fec ,and t er f r t e possi ii t at t e 6 to h y ls o e el t h e oe h b ly h h t 1 s at m entwas f brcat d i elm i at d. W rght502 U. . 355- 6.The adm isi n oft e 911 7 te a i e s ine i S at 5 so h 1 t pe di notvi lt t e Confont ton Cl use. 8a d oa e h r ai a 1 9 Even i Cr wf r wer appl abl i t i case, hi Cour woul notfnd a vi lton oft e f a od e i e n hs c ts t d i oai h 20 Confont ton Cl use i t i case. The Unied St t s Supr m e Coud hel i Davl v. r ai a n hs t ae e dn ' s 21 W ashi gt n,t atst t m ent t a 911 oper t rdurng an emer ency ar nott s i oni land no h ae sc ao i g e e tm a 22 t usnotsubj ctt Cr wf r .547U. . 826- 8( 006) St t m ent ar 'esi onil h e o a od S 813, 2 2 . a e s e t tm a when 2 t e cr ums an esobec iel idiat t a t er i n s c on oig e er en y, d t a t e 3 h ic t c j t y n c e h t h e s o u h g n m g c an h t h v 24 prm ar pur os oft e i t r ogato n i t est bl h orpr ve pastevent pot ntal r l vantt i y pe h ne r i so a i s o s e i l ee y o 25 l t r crm i alpr secuton. / . at 822. I t e i st nt case t e 911 st t m ent wer not ae i n o i'd ' nh na h ae s e 26 t stm oni l t eyw er m ade durng an ongoi g em er ency-each per oncal d 911t r por ei a as h e i n g s l e oe t gunshot ast ey wer happeni g.Pettonerhas notshown t at ral sh e n ii h ti counsel wasdefci ntf r ie o 8 1 f in t obec t t e a m ison oft e 91 t pe,ort atc un el f i r prj died t e al g o j t o h d s i i h 1a h o s ' al e eu c h su 2 out om e oft e pr ceedi g. c ho n 3 Even it e itoducton oft e 911t pe was eror t er i no i di atont att e t pe had fh n r i h a r ,h e s nci h h a 4 as b t n il d ij r use fc ont ej r v r it Br c ttAb a amso , 7 U. . 9, 38 u s a t an nu i fe t h u y e dc . e h t r h a o n 50 S 61 6 5 ( 993) LaryModon, i e scene analstf rt e LasVegasMetopolan Pol e Deparm ent 1 .r crm y oh ri t i c t, 6 t stfed t att r e cadrdge casi gs wer f und on t e gr und al ostagai stt e aparm ent e ii h h e i n eo ho m nh t 7 bui i g,under he bat r om w i dow t t e apadm e nt Exhi i51 T 38.O n cr ss- xam i aton ln d t ho n oh . bt oe ni 8 Modon st t d t atwhen t e shelcasi gs hi t e asphal t ey c ul go i any diecton,and ae h h l n th th od n ri 9 bef r t e pol e aried t ey coul hav been dit r ed by peopl r nni g ar und. I .atT oe h i c rv h d e su b eu n o d 1 81. Jam es Kr l , iear t olm ar exam i er t s ii d t athe di notm ake any obs r atons 0 y o fr m o k n , e tfe h d ev i 1 ab u t e eec in pat r of he gun f u d a t e s en oft e cr e. Ex ii52, 1 2. 1 o th j t o te s t s o n th c e h i m h bt T 2 1 2 Shel on Holm on was wih t e pettoneron t e ni htt e crm es wer com m i ed and d l i th ii hghi e t t 1 t st i d t ats ver l exian m en beganfghtngw ih hi sel and pettoner and he r n i si e 3 e ie h e a M c f ii tmf ii , a nd 1 t e aparm ent I . atT 177.The pet i nert en cam e i si e t e aparm entand t l Holi on 4h t .d io t h nd h t od l m 1 t athe t ough he shota coupl oft e m en. I .atT 177- 8. Holi on t en hear m or gun 5h h t eh d 7 l m h d e l shot t atsounded as i t ey wer com i g fom i si e t e aparm en . / .atT 178- 9. On 6 sh fh e n r nd h t tJ 7 1 cr ss- xam i aton Holm on st t d t athe was notsur i t e l t rgun shot wer fr d fom 7 oe ni l i ae h e f h ae s e ie r 1 i si e t e apadm ent I . T 21 . Noe Vianueva t stfed t athe saw t e pet i neru tck hi 8 nd h . d at 8 l l e ii h h io t si s 1 hand outt e w idow 'and shootatsever l 9 hn a peopl .Exhi i54, 43.W henf dhedquestoned e bt T u i 20 t e winess sat d he j s saw a hand come outoft e widow i t e aparmentwher t e ht te ut hn nh t eh 21 p ttonerI ed, t a gun. I .Vianueva al o m ade t e sam e s at m entr gar i g t e hand e ii i v wih dl l s h te e dn h 2 com ig out i e t e wi dow and shcotng t t e pol e. / . atT 45- 6. Fi al ,W i r do 2 n sd h n i oh i c d 4 nl y le f 23 M enendez t s ii d t athe al o saw a per on stck a gun outoft e pettoners bat r om e tfe h s s i h i i' ho 24 wi dow and shoot / .atT 70- 2. n .d 7 25 // / 26 9 l Iap e r t a t ej r c ul ha e c ncu edt a t e s c nd r un o gun h t wer t p a s h t h u y o d v o ld h t h e o o d f s c s e 2 fr dfom i si et e pettcnersaparm en , ie r n d h i i' t t evenw ihouthearngt e 911tanscrpt , sever l t ih r i s as a 3 w inesses i di at d t atgunshot cam e f om t e bat r om w i dow . I i unlk l t at i t e t nce h s r h ho n t s ie y h f h 4 a m isonoft e 911t pewas eroneo st ati h d a s b t n i l ij r usef c on t e d si h a r u h ta u s a t and nu i a o t h e 5 jr. uy 6 Pettoner has notdem onstat d t atti lcounselwas i efectve,or t at any such ii r e h ra nfi h 7 de ii n y on t e p r o c u s lp e u ie t e ou c m e o t e ti l Th Coud wi den fce c h a t f o n e rjdc d h to f h ra . e ly l 8 gr und fve. o i 9 l . Cer ii at ofAppeal biiy V tfc e a lt 1 0 I or e rt pr ceed w ih an appeal r m t i coud,pettonerm ustr cei e a cerii at nd oo t fo h s ii ev tfc e 1 o ap ealbit . 28 U. . . 2 53 c ( ) Gen r l ,a p t in rmu tm a e ' s bsan i l 1 f p a ly i SC 2 ( )1 . e al y e io e s k a u t ta t 1 show i g oft e deni l a cons iutonalrght'o waranta cediiat ofappeai bii .I . The 2 n h a of tt i i 't r fc e a ly d t 1 Supr m eCoud hashel t ata pettoner' ustdemonstat t atr asonabl j rst woul fnd 3 e dh ii ' m reh e e uis di 1 t e ditit c ud' asses m entoft e cons iutonalcl i s debat bl orw r ng. S/ ck 1. 4 h s rc o s s h tt i am ae o'a ' 1 Mc a il 5 9 U. . 5 D n e, 2 S 473, 4 ( 0 0 . 48 2 0 ) l 6 The Supr m e Cour f rher ium i at d t e s andar f r i suance ofa cerii at of e t ut l ne h t l do s tc e f 1 9 20 1 appeal bii i MllrElv.Cockr l,537 U. .322 ( 003) The Cour st t d i t atcase: 7 a ly n Ie t el S 2. t ae n h 1 8 W e do notr quie pettonert pr ve,bf r t e isuance ofa er ii oo pe h s COA,ha s r ej r t woul gr n t epet lnf rh be sc r u t t op u i s s d a th lo o a a o p s t Ideed,q cal c n b d baabl e en tou h ev r j r toi n l m a e e t e v h g ey ui s 21 2 2 23 24 25 r asonr lhtagr e,afert COA hasbrpngr nt dandt e cas e pg e th ae h e has r c led f lconsier ton,t atpqttonerwilnotqr vai.As e e v ul d al h ll l el we s a qd i S/c ,twq er j ditlt cour has r l ced t e tt n j k ' h e l sr c t ee t h constt tonal :l sont e mers,h showig r quiedt satsf iu l cl m h lt t n e r o iy j 2 53( )i s q lhtor aq : p t ln rm j t 2 c s tag f w d The e io e s demonsr t t a t ta e h t constt tonalcl l s debat bl orwr ng. iu i am ae o r a o abl j n t woul fn t edititc ur' a s s men o te e s n e u sj d ld h src g t s e s t f h s I .at1040 ( uotng S/ c ,529 U. .at484) d q i ak S . The Cour has consi er d t e i sues r ied by pettoner wih r spectt whet ert ey t de hs as ii , t e o hh sats y t e st ndar f ri suance ofa cediiat ofappeal and t e Coud det r i est atnone if h a do s fc e , h em n h 26 10 1 m eett ats andar . Accor igl,t e Coud wil ht d dn y h ldeny pettonera cediiat ofappeal bit . ii fc e a ly i 2 I I THEREFORE O R DER ED t att e amended petton f ra wrtofhabeas cor us TS hh ii o i p 3 ( oc et )i DENI D. d k #20 s E 4 5 I I FURTHER O RD ERE D t att e cl r shalENTER JUDGM E NT ACCO R DI G LY. TS h h ek l N I I FU R T H E R O R D E R E D t at petto ner i D E N I D A C E R T I I A T E O F TS h ii s E FC 6 APPEALABI I Y . LT 7 8 9 l0 11 Dat d t i 9t ay ofSept m ber 2009. e hs h e , U I ED STATES I TRI T JUDG E T S C 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 11

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