Sierra Nevada Holdings, Inc. v. United Leasing Corporation et al

Filing 17

ORDER GRANTING IN PART and DENYING IN PART Ds' 4 Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction, or in the alternative, Motion to Transfer Venue : Ds' motion to dismiss is denied. Ds' motion to transfer to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia is granted. Signed by Judge Robert C. Jones on 7/15/2010. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - DRM)

Download PDF
. ... ..- . .,. . f ! .-. . . .-. .- . c. ' . ) '' ' -- ' .. . . . . ) . l y i ) t .. .. .. I . . 1 1 . ' l n!g *! '. ; li 1 1 ,1 1 ; '@ .l '. t . ! f j 1 ! 3 4 5 , , ' . . . . ' . I* ' ' ; ''' ' Y '' ' 6 UN I E D STATES DI TR I T C O U R T T S C 7 DI T R I T O F NEVA DA S C 9 8 SER NVDntfODN SIC, IRA EAaAH LIG , . N Pli it EDW ARD H. ELD, SHI ) ) ) ) 3; O- v00047- CJ RAM 1 cRORDER l UNI EvLEASI G CORPORATI N' o T D. N l l O, 1 2 1 3 l4 15 y ) j ) Df dn . e nat es C urenty bef r t e Cour i a M ot n t Di m i s f r Lack ofJurs i ton or i t e rl oe h ts i o sso o id c i ,n h 16 17 at r a ie Mo in t Tr n f rVen e ( 4)fld b De en a t Uni d L asn Coror t n le n t , t o a s e v o u # i y f d n s t e ig p a i e e o (unied Leasig' and Edwar H. Shil (i hil't ol ct el rf red t her i as 't I n' ) d ed ' ed' c l i y e e r o en s l ev d een ans'on Mar h 1 , 0. Plit f e r Nev d Holig ,n . ' ira Ne a a' ' f d t' D ) c 5 201 an i Sira a a d n s Ic (s e r v d ' f I ) fld an Opposiin ( 11)onAprl14,2010,and Def ndant fld a Repl ( 14)on May3, i e to # i e si e y# 2010. l8 19 Sierra Nevada Holdings, Inc. v. United Leasing Corporation et al Doc. 17 20 21 The Cour hear or lar um enton t e m ateron June 11,2010,and now gr nt t e t dag h t a sh M oton t Tr nsf rVenue. ioae 22 BAC KG RO UND 23 24 T hi case i vol es sever l r ud bas d cl i s arsi g fom a l an tansacton ent r d s nv a fa e am in r or i ee it bewe n Plit an Deen an Untd L asng. Plit f i d a Compan ( 1 i t i no t e an i d f d t i e i l e an i fl fe lit # ) n hs 25 acton on Januar 25,201 . Acc r i g t t e al gatons i t e Compl i t Pl i tf 's and i y 0 odn o h l i n h e a n , a n if ' i 26 27 w as,ataItm es mat ralher t , cor or ton i good s andi g or anied undert e Iw sof Ii ei eo a p ai n tngz ha t e St t ofNew Ham pshie w ih is prnci alpl c ofbus ness I cat d i t e St t of New h ae r tt ip ae i o e nh ae 28 Hamp hi . ( ompan ( 1 at1 . De e dan Uni d L asn 's an wa ,atal t es s r ' C lit # ) ) f n t t e ig ' d s e' e i li m Dockets.Justia.com l m at ral her t , a c r or ton or ani ed under t e I w s of t e St t of Vigi i w ih is ei eo o p ai gz ha h ae r na t t 2 prnci alpl ce ofbusi ess I cat d i t e St t ofVigi i . .1sDe e d n Sheddsan wa , ip a n o e n h ae r na' # ' f n a t il ' d s i 3 atal tm es m at ralher t ,a r si entand cii en of and dom i i d i ,t e St t ofVigi i , Ii ei eo e d tz , cl n h e ae r na 4 andwasg nied Leasig'!Pr sient' .= ut n s e d . 1. 'j 5 Plitf al gest att e Coul hasj rs iton overt i materpur uantt 28 U. . . a n if l e hh ' t u idc i hs t s o SC 6 j 1332'nt att e amounti contoveryexc eds$75,00. 0'and 's bet eenciiensof 'h h i n rs e 0 0' ' w i tz 7 dif r nt s at s. 1sa 2. I a dion,Pli tfal ge t a v nu i p op ri t i dsr t fe e t e ' # t ' ndt i a n i l s h t e e s r e n hs iti fe c . 8 because ' subst ntalpar oft e event orom i si ns gi i g rse t t e di put 'occured i ' a ai th s so vn i o h s e' rn 9 Norher Nevada.Jln #. 1 0 Ac or i g t t e alegatonsi t e Com pl i t t e causes ofacton as ered i t i case c dn o h l i n h a n ,h i s t n hs 11 arse fom a l an t ansacton ent r d i t bet een Pl i tf and Unied Leasi g t pay f r ir o r i e e no w a n if t no o 1 r pais t a Bel 21 helc pt r Pl i t; as ers t ati Jul 2004,i ' ur hased a Bel 212 2 e ro l 2 io e . a n i s t h n y t' c p l 13 helcopt rw hi h needed a subst ntalover auland r f r i hm ent i or ert per or w or ie c ai h e u bs ndo fm k 1 f rt e Unied St ts For stSer ie. J. The costf rt eover auland rf r ihmentwas 4oh t ae e vc ' .. '4 oh h e u bs 1 appr xi at l $1, 00, 00, Pl i tf needed a I ant fnancet ewor .Pl i tf s at st at 5 o m e y 3 0 and a n if o oi h k a n if t e h 1 i' ppoac e t e De e d nsab u fn n ig t e n c s a yIan. $.a 3.Be au eo a 6 t' r h d h f n a t o t ia cn h e e s r o ' . t a . csf 1 prorbusi es deal g w ih Unied Leasi g,Pl i tf st t s t ati and i prnc pal Jon M ay r 7 i ns i nt t n a n if a e h t t ii , s e 1 (May r) dep s d s e ilr s an r l nc 'i Shil an Unt d L a ig..= 8 d e ',d o e p ca tu t d ei e'n ed d i e sn ! . d 'r a e # 1 9 Ac or ig t t e Complit 'in a t l phone c nveraton i eary 2005,Shi l (n c dn o h an , l l ee o si n l ed i 20 Vigii )spok t lphonial wih Sira Nev da' prncial Jon Mayer( ho i and was r na e ee c l t er y a s ip, ws 21 lcatdi Reno) idiat dt athe( hil)coul pr babl secur Ianfnancigf r i ra o en and n c e h S ed do y eo i n o ser 22 Nevada atei htper ent' 1. The complitassel t a a mont It r Shil t l May r g c .' j. la an ' ht t s h ae , ed od e . . 2 t a d e c udfn nc t e Ia a at it e ( 3$ )it r s rt , J . 3 h t' o l ia e h o n t hre n 1 $ ne e t a e ' # h '= 24 Pl i tf st t s t ati i t nded f rt e fnanc ng wih Unied Leasi g 'o be shor- er , a n if a e h t n e ohi i t t n' t tt m 25 notper anent and EhatPlitfs)r pr senttves communiat d t i f ctt Shil on m , t an ir e e a i c e hs a o e d 26 27 1Thi i t eo l die tr fr nc i t eCompli tt a yaci iyr ltngt t ec s oc u rng s s h n y r c ec c e n h an o n tvt eai o h a e c ri i N evada. However t e Cour not s t at Pl i tf di pr vi e cvl ence of addii nalt l phone n ,h t eh an lf d o d d to ee w hle M ayerwasl cat d m Reno,N evada. l oe 2 28 c rm u ia insa dw rtg c r e pon e c t a oc uae bewce t epa te d r gt er lv nt e i d op n c to n itn o r s d n e h t c d t n h ris u z h ee a p ro 1 sever l occasi ns. I . l addii n,Pl i tl assers t at is r pr sen atves d pecii al a o 'd n to a ni t h t e e ti ' s fc l y 2 advi ed Def ndant t att e helcopt rwas f rUnied St t s For s Sen/ce oper tons but s e sh h ie o t ae et i ai 3 was on a st ndby capaciy untl cont act as s cur d , w hi h tm e any t m por r I an f om a t ia rw e e at c i e ay o r 4 Def ndant w oul be r fnanc d w ih a per anent I w er r t I an. I . Pl i t fst t s t at e s d ei e t m ,o - a e o ' d a n i a e h ' f 5 durng t i tm e, el madever al at m ent t Pl i tf' prnci alMayer t t e efect hat i h s i Shi d b st e s o a n if i p , s ,o h f t 6 Shi l ' oul t ke car or'Pl i tf,and so Pl i tf di contnued negotatons w ih ot er ed ' w da e a n if a n if s i ii th 7 pot ntalI nder and I ok d t Def ndan s t fnance t e I an. I . eie s oeo e t oi ho d 8 Ac or i g t Pl i tf, he I an pr cess w ih Def ndant ' r gged on f rm ont s, and c d n o a n if t o o t e s' a d o h' ' 9 ev nt al t e i t r str t was r i ed t 15. 50 . I .at4. I addii n,Pl i tf asser s t at e u l h n e e ae y as o 1 : d n to a n if th 10 Def ndant neveradvi ed Pl i tf t ati woul have t pay any ' esi ual or' ary paym ent e s s a n if h t d o 'd''l r 'e l1 penali s.z I te h d ' 1 2 I 2007, ai tf ' ecur d a fr fghtng cont act ih t e Uni d St t s For stSer i e n Pl n if' s e ie i i r wt h t e ae e vc 1 and,based upon t e guar nt ed i com e was abl t secur r gul rbank fnanci g atm or 3 h ae n eo ee a i n e 14 com pettve m ar etr t s. l .at5. As a r sul,one ofPl i tf s r pr sent tves ' ont ct d ii k ae ' d et a n ir e e ai ' ae c 15 t e Def ndant vi an i t r t t t l phone cal t advi e t em of Si r a N evada' new h e sa n e sae ee lo sh er s 16 fnanci g and is desie t pay- f t e out t ndi g I an bal nce.' I . A ccor i g t t e i n t ro of h sa n o a 'd dn o h 1 com pl i t dur ng a seres of t l phone cal r gar i g t e pay- f i sue, Def ndant 7 an , i i ee l e dn h s ofs e s 1 dem anded a subs antalpay- f penaly. Pl i tg s at s t ati pr t st d t e pay- f penal , 8 ti of t an i t e h t oe e h of t y 1 buthatheparisuli at l setldonademandof$285,08,3.Plitsas erst atihad 9 tt te tm e y te 53 an i s t h t 20 no choi e butt pay t i am ountot er i e Unied Leas ng woul notr l as t e Ien i hel c o hs h ws t i d ee e h i t d 21 agai s t e helc pt r t er by causi g cancel ton ofPl i tf' new , ow er r t l an . I .at n th io e , h e n li a an i s f I -a e o d 22 5. 23 24 aPl ai tf sc om pli talegcst atUnied Leasngw ass fcrngf anci l i culi sbet ee zoos n ir an l h t i ur i m a d o te w n 2 a d2 0 . Asarsl Plitfasrsta Dee d nstace ash mewhrb te d cd dt 5 n 07 eut ani sek h t fn at t thd c e j ft ,h eey h y eie jo snlt r tela t ( litfla a e uime tla e be a s ta sr cur e tte te t de v t cu e h o n o anir s n q p n e s c u e h t tu t e nild h m o r e ;5 c rantxa dohrma caa vna e. l.Plitrsctta S ilifn e Mae ta bc ue ! eti a n tef n ild atg s' d ani asrsh t hedno n d yrh t ea s t ' f 27 i cl di g avenuepr vi l n whi h s at d t atany actonsi lw orequiyr ltng t t eI as s oul be nu n o so c te h i na t ea i o h e e h d com m enced andm ai t i edilkheGener lDit itCour orCicui Cour f rHanove Count , igi i n an r : t a s rc t rt to r y V r na t e ta s ci n wa sr jt r d a a $ea e, Pli tf c ul inor t e ; onta ts b ie plt tr s, h r n a to s tu u e s l s ,, an if o d g e h r c . o lr a e e m y, c , 2 O teCiyofRih o d Vigna o teUntd Sae DititCo r frteEatm Ditito8 rh t c m n , rii, r h i tts src u t o h se src i e Vigii. J. r na' .S '1 J . 3 1 Bas d on t e f r goi g al gatons, Pl i t: fl d t i I w sui asser i g cl i s f r e h oe n li e an i i e hs a t tn am o 2 faudul nt r e conceal entf l e pr m ie/ c nom i dur s , r ud/ i r pr sent ton, onst uc i e m ,a s o s e o c e s fa m s e e ai c r tv 3 faud ,ci i ex ori n,c nver i n,and ci i RI O r gar i g t e I an tansac i n and pay- f r v l t to o so vl C e d n h o r to of 4 penal , t y 5 Def ndant have now fl d a M oton t Di m i s f rLack ofPer onalJursdi ton,ori e s ie iosso s i ci n 6 t ealer atve,Motont Tr nsf rVenue( 4) Accor igt Def ndant ,he cai sassered h tn i ioae #, dn o e st lm t 7 agaisttem shoul bedimisedpur uantoRul 1 ( )2) nh d ss s t e 2 b ( becauset ec mplit'sdev i h o an i od 8 o an f c u l lg t n t a e t bl hp r o a jrs ito o e et er ef n a t' ( o in f y a t a al a i s h t sa i e s n lu idcin v r ih d e d n . M t eo s ' o 9 t Dimis ( 4)at3) Mor over Def ndant st t t atneiherUni d L asig norShil o ss# . e ,e s ae h t t en e ed 1 ' aveanycont ct wih Nevadat atwoul jstf t eass din ofper onalursditon, . s 0' h as t h d u iy h eo s j i ci ' ! . ( l1 at 3, I t e aler atve,Def ndant seek an or er tansf r i g venue t t e Unied St t s nh tn i e s d r e rn oh t ae 1 D i ti tCour f rt e Eas er Di ti tofVigi i . .$.at De e d n sn t ta b t Uni d 2 s rc to h t n s rc r na . 4. f n a t o e h t c h t e 1 Leasi g and Shi l ar r si ent ofV igi i . Def ndant f rher not t atPl i tf i a New 3 n ed e e d s r na e s ut eh a n if s 1 Ham ps ie cor or ton, and was neiher r gi t r d nor qual i d t conduct busi es i 4 hr p ai t e se e ie o f n sn l Ne a a a te r lva tt e, vn Ne ad v r lt it r s i t i dipu e,!.a 4- . 5 v d t h ee n i giig v a e y i l ne e tn hs s t # t 5 m te 1 6 l r sponse, aitfasserst atperonalursditonexit overDef ndant because ne Pl n if th s j i ci ss e s l Shi l ,' er onaly and on behal ofUnied Leasi g . . ade a num berof i r pr sent tons, 7 ed p s l f t n ,m m se e ai 1 omi si ns and ext ri ns i muli l t l phone cal ,m aii gs and e- ais wih M r Mayer 8 so o to n tp e e e l s l n ml t . 1 whie( ayer r sied, wasIcat d i,Nevada. ( pposiint Motont Dimis( 11) 9 lM ) e d and oen 'O ' to o i o s s # 2 at2) l addiin,Plit:as erst atdespiet eal gatonsi t ec mplitt atPlitf i 0 . n to an i s t h t h l i n h o a n h an ifs e 21 a New Ham pshie cor or ton, Pl i tf i ac ualy a r si e nt of Nevada:' i ra Nevada, r p ai a n if s t l ed Se r 22 alhough i cor or t d i New Ham pshie and m ai t i i g a m er ofi e pr senc t er i t n p ae n r n a nn e fc e eh en 2 or ert c m py wi Ne Hamp hi Iw,i acu l a Nev da r sde t( rct e )a i 3 d oo l t w h s r a s tal e y a e i n o iz n s t i s 24 ' el e c nt r and t usprnci alpl ce ofbusi ess,i I cat d her .3 1aPlitfas a g e n ' e e' v h ip a n so e e ' # a nif lo r u s . 25 26 3A snotdb Dge da t, an ir a no r gitr dwiht eN a aSe r t l ofS a ea eih r e y fn n s Plitfw s t e se e t h v d c e ay t t s t e 27 a entt i cor or t d m N evada oran entt re i t r d t do busi es m N c ada att etm et eale ed n iy n p a e iy g s e e o ns v h i h lg unlw f lconductocc n'd ore cn when t e moton t dim isw astl d by Def ndant . Pl i tf s at s au ue v h i oss ie e s an if t e 28 t a t i wy ame e ve sg t'a dr gitr dwiht eNe a aSe r t r ofStt i 201 bef r fln h t h s s r i rih , n e se e t h v d c e a y o ' ae n 0 o e i g i isopposton. t il 4 1 t att e c se shoul not be tans ered t Vigi i because i woul be iconveni ntf r hha d r f r o r na t d n eo 2 Pl i tf s prnci al M ayer t tavelt Vigi i fom Nevada t I i at t e cl i s. a n ir i p , ,o r o r na r o ig e h a m t 3 As w i be di cussed i t e f l w i g, he Cour fnds t ati i appr prat t t ans ert i l l s n h ol n t o ti h ts o i e o r f hs 4 case t t e Unied St t s Di t i tCour f rt e East r Di ti tofV igi i , oh t ae s rc to h e n s rc r na 5 D I C U SS I N S O 6 28 U. . .5 1 04( )pr vies:' ort e c nveninceofparisandwinesses,nt e SC 4 a o d ' h o F e te t ih 7 it r s ofjstce,adititc ur maytansf ranyciiacint anyot erdititordiii n nee t u i s rc o t re vl to o h src vso 8 w her i m i hthave been br ught' Ac or i g t t e Unied St t s Supr m e Coul,secton et g o . c dn o h t ae e ' t i f 1 O4( )'sit nded t plcedicr toni t edititcour t adjdiat motonsf rtanser ) 4 a ' ne i o a s e i n h src to u c e i o r f 1 accor i g t an d di i ual ed,c se- y- ase consi er ton ofc nveni nce and f iness.' 0 dn o i vd i n z a bc d ai o e ar ' l Stwa t q.Ic. . c hCo p.487U. . 2, 9( g 8lqu tn Va Du e v. r c , 6 j e r Or ,n v Rio r , S 2 2 l 8 t o ig n s n Bara k 37 1 U. . 2, 2 ( 9 4).A mo int tan f ru d rs cin 1 O ( )'al ont e dsr tc u 2 S 61 62 1 6 ) to o r se n e e t 4 4 a ' l h iti o d o cs c 1? t w ei h i t e bal nce a num berofcase- pecii f ct r , !z I t eNit Cic i,h fcor o g nh a s fc a o s ' # .n h n h r utt e a t s 1 t consiericlde:( )te Ic ton wher te r lvantagr ement wer negotat d and 4o d nu 1 h o ai e h ee e se ie l e ec td,2)hesaet a i mos f m iar t t eg v r igIw,3) h pan i sc oieo 5 x u e ( t t t h ts t a l wi h o e nn a ( t e lit r h c f ih f 1 f r m,( )t e r spectve paris'c nt ct wih t e f r m,( )t e cont ct r ltng t t e 6 ou 4 h e i te o a s t h o u 5 h a s eai o h . 1 plitf c u e o a t n i t ec os nf r m ,6)t edier n esi t e c sso lia in i 7 a ni ' a s f ci n h h e o u ( h f e c n h o t f ig t n fs o f to ) t e t o f r ms ( )t e a albit o c m p lo ypr c s t c mpe at n a c o un iig g h w o u , 7 h v i ly f o us r o e s o o l t d n e f w ln ai e l 1 non- ady winess s,and ( ) t e ease ofacc ss t s ures of pr of Jones v.GNC 9 p te 8h e ooc o. at Fr nchiig,ncs211F.d495, 99( t Ci, l a sn I , 3 498- 9 h r2000) Addiinal ,tepr senc ofaf r m , to l 'h e e y ou zj selcin cluse i a 'iniiantf cor i t e cour' secton 1 O4( )analsi. .s(iig e to a s sg fc a t 'n h ts i4a y s' 1 ctn . ( 22 Stwar, U. . 29) e t487 S at . 2 3 I t i c se,upon a r vi w oft e af r m entoned f ct r ,t e Cour fnds t att e n hs a ee h oe i a os h ti hh : Unied St t s Di t i tCour f rt e East r Di t i tofV igi i i t e mostappr prat f r m 4 t ae s rc to h e n s rc r na s h o ie ou 2j f rt i ac i n. Def ndant have s ow n t atVigi i i t e mostconveni ntf r m based on o h s to e s h h r na s h e ou 26 t e ease ofac es t w iness s and evi ence, wel as t e r spectve pari s cont c s wih h c so t e d as l h e i te at t gy Vig i i . I t i r gar ,tappear t ataI t e r l vantw inesses,besi es Pl i tf' prnc pal r na n hs e d i sh Ih ee t d an i s i i f 2g Mayerar Icat di Vigii .I addiin,hecontac wasexecutdi Vigii and i subec , e o e n r na n to t rt e n r na s jt 5 l t a f r m sel cton cl use pr vi i g t atcl i s arsi g undert e I ase agr em entm ay be o ou ei a o dn h am in he e 2 br ughti t e c urs ofVigi i . o nh o t r na 3 Al oughPlitf' ch ieoff r m i Nev da, t h an i s o c o u s a NevadahasIteit r sti adjdiatng f il ne e n u c i t 4 t e m ert oft i di put . Fist t e pari s ar notcii ens of N evada, Second,Pl i tf h i s hs s e r ,h te e tz 4 a n if 5 c ncedest atiappr ac ed Def ndant i V igi i t i ii t t e busi esstansacton en er d o ht oh e s n r n a o n ta e h n r i te 6 i t bet een t e pari s. Thid ,t e helcopt ratt e cent roft e I ase agr em entw as not no w h te rh ie h e he e 7 I cat d i Nevada durng t e c ntactnegotatons and ex cuton. I f c , he pur ose of he o en i h or ii ei n a tt p t 8 I as agr em entw as t fnance r pais t t e hel opt roccur i g i Canada -notNev da. ee e oi e r oh ie c rn n as 9 A s such, based on t e f r goi g, he Coud fnds t at ort e conveni nce oft e pari s h oe n t i hfh e h te l andwiness s,and i te it r s ofjsie,t i case shoul be tanseredt t e East r 0 te n h ne e t u tc hs d r fr oh en 11 D i t i tofVigi i , s rc r na 1 2 l 3 C O N C LU S I N O For t e f r goi g r asons,I I O R D E R E D t at Def ndant 'M oton t D i m i s f r h oe n e TS h e s i osso 1 Lac of PeronalJursditon,or i t e aler atve, Moton t Tr nsf rVenue (/ ) i 4 k s i ci n h tn i ioae /4 s 1 G R A NT E D I PART and DEN I D I PART. Def ndant 'm oton t di m i s i deni d. 5 N EN e s i osss e 1 D ef ndant 'm oton t tansf rt t e Unied St t s Di ti tCour East r Di ti tofVigi i 6 e s i or e oh t ae s rc t e n s rc r na 1 i gr nt d , 7 s ae l 8 19 DA T ED :Thi 15' day ofJul , 201 . sh y 0 2 0 2l 22 n e jtt Itit d e l d ae sr Ju g c 23 4pl i tf- l i st ati i now acii enofN evadabecaus ispri ci al l ce ofbusnes i Re o. a n ilc a m h t s tz e t n p pa i ss n 24 Howe e ,a t etm et ealge urllf l ve t o c re 7Plitf wa notr yitr dwiht eNe a a v r t h i h l d ta u e n s c u r d an i s e e se e t h v d Se r t r ofStt a et e a e tt mco por t d i Ne a aora e tt r glt r d t d b sne si c ea y a e s ih r n n ly r a e n v d n n i e se e o o u i s n y 25 Ne a a Plitf di n tr git rwih teNe ad Se r tr ofS a eu tl i 7 201 -t r ewee s v d . an if d o e se t h v y c ea y t t n lAprl , 0 h e k atrDee da t fldtermotont dimisi tl matr ( pp stont Motont Dimis( l1 a fe fn n s i h i i o s s n hs te . O o ii o i o s s # ) t e 26 Ex.l p.2) ,. 11 5Plitfsatsta Ne a aha a itrs i tesbe t te ofhiltgainbe a s Plitt anir t c h t v d s n nee tn h u jc matr t sii to c u e anir : tmet el a ta s ginoc uredi 20 5.( omplit( 1 a 5) l wan'untl200 ta Plitf l h o n rn a to c r n 0 C an # ) t . t s t i 7 h t anir 's cur d a fre fghtng cont actw ih t e Unied St t s For stSe vi e' t use t e helcopt r ilt e 'e e lil r th t ae e r c 'o h i e rh N evadar gi n. I . eo d 6 it n q t us t eheio t ri Ne q aunde agove une tc n r c t fghtf r s fr s Howe e , n e d d o e h lq p e p v d r n n o ta t o i o e t ie . vr 28 y c r lgt t ec mplmt Plm tf dl no ha eac n r c wiht eUniedSt t sFor s Se viea t e c o dn o h o a , a if d t v o ta t t h t ae e t r c t h

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?