Bank of America, N.A., Successor by Merger to BAC Home Loans Servicing LP v. Esplanade at Damonte Ranch Homeowners' Association et al

Filing 38

ORDER - The Motion to Stay (ECF No. 35 ) is granted in part and denied in part. It is denied with respect to Esplanade and is granted in all other respect. Thus, the case is stayed except for Esplanade's motion for summary judgment, which is fully briefed and will be addressed in the normal course. Signed by Judge Miranda M. Du on 4/19/2017. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - DRM)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 7 *** BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., 8 9 10 Case No. 3:16-cv-00120-MMD-WGC Plaintiff, ORDER v. ESPLANADE AT DAMONTE RANCH HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION, et al., 11 Defendants. 12 13 This case arises out of a homeowner’s association (“HOA”) foreclosure and 14 involves a constitutional due process challenge to Nevada Revised Statute Chapter 116’s 15 notice provisions. (ECF No. 1.) Before the Court is a joint motion to stay (“Motion”) filed 16 by Plaintiff and Defendant Thunder Properties, Inc. (collectively “Movants”). (ECF No. 35.) 17 Defendant Esplanade at Damonte Ranch Homeowners Association (“Esplanade”) has 18 opposed. (ECF No. 37.) For the reasons discussed below, the Court denies the Motion 19 with respect to Esplanade. 20 The Court had sua sponte imposed a temporary stay because of the potential 21 impact of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals’ decision in Bourne Valley Court Trust v. 22 Wells Fargo Bank, NA, 832 F.3d 1154 (9th Cir. 2016), r’hng denied (9th Cir. Nov. 4, 2016). 23 (ECF No. 22.) In Bourne Valley, the Ninth Circuit found that Chapter 116’s notice 24 provisions as applied to a nonjudicial foreclosure of an HOA lien before the 2015 25 amendment was facially unconstitutional. Id. at 1157-60. The Court subsequently lifted 26 the stay after the Ninth Circuit issued the mandate in Bourne Valley. (ECF No. 27.) The 27 Court reasoned that Bourne Valley’s holding is binding precedent unless and until it is 28 reversed, though such finality may not occur for months. (Id.) Within days, the Nevada 1 Supreme Court in Saticoy Bay LLC Series 350 Durango 104 v. Wells Fargo Home 2 Mortgage, a Division of Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., 388 P.3d 970 (Nev. 2017), reached the 3 opposite conclusion, finding that Nevada’s superpriority lien statutes are not facially 4 unconstitutional. The nonprevailing parties in Bourne Valley and Satico Bay are seeking 5 review of both decisions in the United States Supreme Court. The Movants ask the Court 6 to stay this case pending resolution of the certiorari proceedings before the Supreme 7 Court. 8 Shortly after the Court lifted the stay, Esplanade moved for summary judgment, 9 contending that the foreclosure sale at issue was only on Esplanade’s super-priority lien 10 portion and did not extinguish Bank of America’s security interest. (ECF No. 28.) In 11 opposing the Motion, Esplanade argues that the certiorari proceedings have no impact 12 on the issue raised in its motion for summary judgment and a stay would cause it to suffer 13 irreparable harm. 14 A district court has discretionary power to stay proceedings in its own court. Landis 15 v. N. Am. Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254-55 (1936); see also Lockyer v. Mirant Corp., 398 F.3d 16 1098, 1109 (9th Cir. 2005). “A trial court may, with propriety, find it is efficient for its own 17 docket and the fairest course for the parties to enter a stay of an action before it, pending 18 resolution of independent proceedings which bear upon the case.” Leyva v. Certified 19 Grocers of Cal., Ltd., 593 F.2d 857, 863 (9th Cir. 1979). “When considering a motion to 20 stay, the district court should consider three factors: (1) potential prejudice to the non- 21 moving party; (2) hardship and inequity to the moving party if the action is not stayed; and 22 (3) the judicial resources that would be saved by avoiding duplicative litigation if the cases 23 are in fact consolidated.” Pate v. Depuy Orthopaedics, Inc., No. 2:12-cv-01168-MMD- 24 CWH, 2012 WL 3532780, at *2 (D. Nev. Aug. 14, 2012) (quoting Rivers v. Walt Disney 25 Co., 980 F. Supp. 1358, 1360 (C.D. Cal. 1997)) (internal quotation marks omitted). See 26 also Dependable Highway Exp., Inc. v. Navigators Ins. Co., 498 F.3d 1059, 1067 (9th Cir. 27 2007). 28 /// 2 1 These three factors weigh in favor of denial of a stay with respect to Esplanade. If, 2 as Esplanade contends, the Court agrees that the foreclosure sale here did not extinguish 3 Bank of America’s deed of trust, then the constitutionality of Nevada Revised Statute 4 Chapter 116’s notice provisions would not affect Esplanade’s motion for summary 5 judgment. Accordingly, a stay of the entire case would be unfairly prejudicial to Esplanade 6 and would not conserve judicial resources. 7 It is therefore ordered that the Motion to Stay (ECF No. 35) is granted in part and 8 denied in part. It is denied with respect to Esplanade and is granted in all other respect. 9 Thus, the case is stayed except for Esplanade’s motion for summary judgment, which is 10 11 fully briefed and will be addressed in the normal course. DATED THIS 19th day of April 2017. 12 13 MIRANDA M. DU UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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