Moore v. Gittere et al

Filing 13

ORDER action STAYED pending exhaustion of the unexhausted claims in the petition. The clerk shall administratively close this action. See order for specifics. Terminate deadlines: 4 Motion for Appointment of Counsel ; 8 Motion/Application for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; 9 Motion for Appointment of Counsel ; Signed by Judge Robert C. Jones on 9/7/2021. Case terminated. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - LG)

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Case 3:20-cv-00315-RCJ-WGC Document 13 Filed 09/07/21 Page 1 of 2 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 3 4 5 6 7 HERBIE MOORE, v. Case No. 3:20-cv-00315-RCJ-WGC Petitioner, ORDER WILLIAM GITTERE, et al., Respondents. 8 On April 29, 2021, the Court ordered Petitioner to show cause why Ground 1(a), (b), (c), 9 and (f) should not be dismissed based on his failure to exhaust those subclaims. (ECF No. 10.) In 10 response, Petitioner asserted that he was not aware that his post-conviction counsel withdrew those 11 claims after he had raised the claims pro se. (ECF No. 12.) Petitioner further seeks a stay and 12 abeyance so that he may exhaust those claims in state court. (Id. at 3-4.) 13 14 15 In Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269 (2005), the Supreme Court placed limitations upon the district courts’ discretion to facilitate habeas petitioners’ return to state court to exhaust claims: 20 [S]tay and abeyance should be available only in limited circumstances. Because granting a stay effectively excuses a petitioner’s failure to present his claims first to the state courts, stay and abeyance is only appropriate when the district court determines there was good cause for the petitioner’s failure to exhaust his claims first in state court. Moreover, even if a petitioner had good cause for that failure, the district court would abuse its discretion if it were to grant him a stay when his unexhausted claims are plainly meritless. Cf. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(2) (“An application for a writ of habeas corpus may be denied on the merits, notwithstanding the failure of the applicant to exhaust the remedies available in the courts of the State”). 21 Id. at 277 (emphasis added). The Rhines Court further held that a district court would likely abuse 22 its discretion by denying a stay and dismissing a mixed petition “if the petitioner had good cause 23 for his failure to exhaust, his unexhausted claims are potentially meritorious, and there is no 24 indication that the petitioner engaged in intentionally dilatory litigation tactics.” Id. at 278. 16 17 18 19 25 The Ninth Circuit has acknowledged that the Rhines “good cause” standard does not 26 require “extraordinary circumstances.” Wooten v. Kirkland, 540 F.3d 1019, 1024 (9th Cir. 2008); 27 Jackson v. Roe, 425 F.3d 654, 661–62 (9th Cir. 2005). This Court has declined to prescribe the 28 strictest possible standard for issuance of a stay. E.g., Riner v. Crawford, 415 F. Supp. 2d 1207, 1 Case 3:20-cv-00315-RCJ-WGC Document 13 Filed 09/07/21 Page 2 of 2 1 1210 (D. Nev. 2006). “[G]ood cause under Rhines, at least in this Circuit, should not be so strict 2 a standard as to require a showing of some extreme and unusual event beyond the control of the 3 defendant.” Id. Thus, a petitioner’s confusion over whether his petition would be timely filed 4 constitutes good cause for the petitioner to file his unexhausted petition in federal court. Id. (citing 5 Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 416–17 (2005)). Ineffective assistance of post-conviction 6 counsel or a lack of counsel can also constitute good cause. Blake v. Baker, 745 F.3d 977, 982– 7 83 (9th Cir. 2014); Dixon v. Baker, 847 F.3d 714, 721 (9th Cir. 2017) (a “statement that ‘there was 8 no counsel’ in [the petitioner’s] state post-conviction case is sufficient to establish good cause”) 9 (quoting Martinez v. Ryan, 566 U.S. 1, 17 (2012)). 10 Petitioner alleged that his post-conviction counsel was ineffective for withdrawing the four 11 ineffective assistance of counsel theories from consideration during the state habeas proceeding. 12 (ECF No. 1-1.) The Court further finds that the unexhausted grounds are not “plainly meritless,” 13 and that Petitioner has not engaged in intentionally dilatory litigation tactics. Because Petitioner 14 has satisfied Rhines as to at least one claim, this habeas action will be stayed and held in abeyance 15 until he has presented his claims to the Nevada courts. Accordingly, this action is stayed pending 16 exhaustion of the unexhausted claims in the petition. 17 IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED: 18 1. This action is STAYED pending exhaustion of the unexhausted claims in the petition. 19 The stay is conditioned upon Petitioner litigating his state petition or other appropriate 20 proceeding in state court and returning to federal court with a motion to reopen within 21 45 days of issuance of the remittitur by the Supreme Court of Nevada or Nevada Court 22 of Appeals at the conclusion of the state court proceedings. 23 24 25 2. The Clerk of the Court is directed to ADMINISTRATIVELY CLOSE this action, until such time as this Court grants a motion to reopen the matter. DATED this 7th day of September 2021. 26 27 ROBERT C. JONES UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 28 2

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