CLOYD v. SHARTLE
OPINION FILED. Signed by Chief Judge Jerome B. Simandle on 1/24/17. (js)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
LANARD A. CLOYD,
HONORABLE JEROME B. SIMANDLE
No. 14-2794 (JBS)
LANARD A. CLOYD, Petitioner Pro Se
P.O. Box 420
Fairton, New Jersey 08320
PAUL J. FISHMAN, United States Attorney
IRENE E. DOWDY, AUSA
Office of the U.S. Attorney
401 Market Street
P.O. Box 2098
Camden, New Jersey 08101
Attorney for Respondent J.T. Shartle
SHARON GERVASONI, Assistant General Counsel
United States Parole Commission
ROBERT M. JENSEN, Senior CLC Attorney
Federal Bureau of Prisons
SIMANDLE, Chief Judge:
This matter comes before the Court on Lanard Cloyd’s
(“Petitioner”) amended petition for writ of habeas corpus
challenging the United States Parole Commission’s (“the
Commission”) its calculation of his parole violation term.
Amended Petition, Docket Entry 5. Respondents J.T. Shartle and
the Commission oppose the petition. Answer, Docket Entry 9.
Petitioner filed a response. Traverse, Docket Entry 10. The
petition is being decided on the papers pursuant to Fed. R. Civ.
P. 78(b). For the reasons set forth below, the petition is
On September 7 and 9, 1994, Petitioner was sentenced in the
District of Columbia to two 15-year and 2-day terms (“D.C.
sentence”). Declaration of Forest Kelly (“Kelly Dec.”)
Attachment A, Docket Entry 9-12 at 2-3. The Bureau of Prisons
(“BOP”) aggregated the two sentences into a single 15-year and
2-day sentence that began on September 7, 1994. Certification of
Sharon Gervasoni (“Gervasoni Cert.”) Exhibit 1, Docket Entry 9-2
at 3. After crediting Petitioner with 554 days jail credit,
Petitioner’s expiration full term (“EFT”) date was March 3,
2008. Kelly Dec. Attachment A at 4. He was eligible for parole
consideration on February 28, 1998; however, the Commission
denied release on August 27, 2001. Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 1 at
3. He was mandatorily released “as if on parole” on August 21,
2002. Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 2, Docket Entry 9-3. At that time,
2021 days remained on the D.C. sentence.
On September 25, 2003, the Commission issued a warrant
charging Petitioner with violating the terms of his release.
Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 3, Docket Entry 9-4. The Commission
charged Petitioner with failure to maintain regular employment,
use of dangerous and habit forming drugs, and failure to submit
to drug testing. Id. at 1-2. It further alleged Petitioner had
been arrested by the Metropolitan Police Department (“MPD”) on
January 14, 2003 and June 25, 2003 for possession of heroin,
possession with intent to distribute, possession of marijuana,
possession of a firearm, and being a fugitive from justice. Id.
at 2. The warrant directed the U.S. Marshal to place a detainer
on Petitioner and assume custody of him once he was released.
Id. at 3. It also informed Petitioner that “[i]f the commission
revokes your parole, mandatory release, or supervised release
you will not receive credit toward service of your sentence for
time spent on parole/mandatory release/supervised release.” Id.
at 1. The Commission regained custody of Petitioner on June 6,
2013. Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 5, Docket Entry 9-6 at 2.
On August 28, 2013, the Commission updated the warrant to
include information about Petitioner’s new convictions and
sentences. “Specifically, the Commission noted that
[Petitioner’s] convictions for use of a handgun in a crime of
violence, attempted robbery with a deadly weapon and use of a
handgun in commission of a crime of violence in the Prince
Georges County, Maryland court, originally had resulted in three
consecutive sentences of 20 years, and that the sentence had
been modified to a total sentence of nine years, 342 days.”
Answer at 9 (citing Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 4, Docket Entry 9-5
at 1). The Commission found probable cause for the violations on
August 29, 2013 based on Petitioner’s new convictions. Gervasoni
Cert. Exhibit 6, Docket Entry 9-7.
A hearing on Petitioner’s parole status was held on
November 18, 2013. Petitioner was represented by counsel at the
hearing and did not call any witnesses on his behalf. Id. at 24. Petitioner admitted all of the charges with the exception of
possessing a firearm, possessing heroin, and being a fugitive
from justice. Id. at 7-8. The Commission determined that
Petitioner had violated the terms of his supervision and revoked
his parole from his D.C. sentence and ordered that he would
receive no credit for the time spent on parole between August
21, 2002 and June 6, 2013. Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 7, Docket
Entry 9-8. The Federal Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) calculated the
Parole Violation (“PV”) sentence as beginning on June 6, 2013
and ending 2021 days later on December 17, 2018. Gervasoni Cert.
Exhibit 9, Docket Entry 9-10. It noted that Petitioner would be
released on mandatory parole on July 4, 2017. Id. at 1.
Petitioner appealed the Commissioner’s decision, arguing that
“the delay in [his] revocation hearing led to loss of a
voluntary witness,” and “the Commission relied on outdated
information . . . .” Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 8, Docket Entry 99. The Commission affirmed the decision on April 7, 2014. Id.
This petition under § 2241 followed on May 2, 2014.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Parolees may challenge parole decisions made by the United
States Parole Commission in a petition brought pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 2241. Smith v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 626 F. App'x 36, 37
n.1 (3d Cir. 2015) (citing United States v. Kennedy, 851 F.2d
689, 690 (3d Cir. 1988)). “[A] court's role in reviewing
decisions by the Parole Commission on an application for a writ
of habeas corpus is limited.” Furnari v. Warden, Allenwood Fed.
Corr. Inst., 218 F.3d 250, 254 (3d Cir. 2000). “The appropriate
standard of review of the Commission's findings of fact ‘is not
whether the [Commission's decision] is supported by the
preponderance of the evidence, or even by substantial evidence;
the inquiry is only whether there is a rational basis in the
record for the [Commission's] conclusions embodied in its
statement of reasons.’” Id. (quoting Zannino v. Arnold, 531 F.2d
687, 691 (3d Cir. 1976)) (alterations in original).
Petitioner raises two grounds for relief. He argues that
the Commission violated his Due Process rights by imposing a PV
sentence that exceeded the amount of time remaining on his D.C.
sentence. He further argues he was wrongfully denied good time
credits under D.C. law. Respondent argues Petitioner
misunderstands the Commission’s decision.
As the record conclusively demonstrates Petitioner is not
entitled to relief, no evidentiary hearing is warranted. 28
U.S.C. § 2243.
A. Calculation of Sentence
I was given 169 months recommitment order and was
credited 124 months by the parole commissioner for
violation of parole; however, I only had 65 months and
s [sic] days remaining on my original sentence.
The commissioner is in violation of the constitution and
the law of the District of Columbia by imposing a
sentence that exceeds the maximum authorized by law (the
commissioner was without jurisdiction to impose a
recommitment order in excess of the courts sentence).
Furthermore, in crediting me 124 months the parole
commissioner exceeded the length of time I had remaining
on my original sentence so I should have had an immediate
Amended Petition at 1. Petitioner’s PV sentence was calculated
correctly.1 Prior to his violation, Petitioner’s D.C. sentence
Arguably, the petition is barred as Petitioner failed to
exhaust his administrative remedies before filing this petition.
was to be fully served as of March 3, 2008; his mandatory
release “as if on parole” date of August 21, 2002 was calculated
after awarding him 2021 days in good time credits. See 28 C.F.R.
§ 2.87(a) (“When a prisoner has been denied parole at the
initial hearing and all subsequent considerations . . . the
prisoner shall be released at the expiration of his or her
imposed sentence less the time deducted for any good time
allowances provided by statute.”).2
Petitioner concedes that the Commission had the discretion
to require him to serve out the remainder of his term after
violating his supervised release, Amended Petition at 2, and the
Commissioner did in fact impose a PV sentence of 2021 days after
deciding “[n]one of the time spent on parole shall be credited.”
Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 7 at 1. These were not an additional
2021 days; they were the remainder of Petitioner’s D.C.
“Federal prisoners are ordinarily required to exhaust available
administrative remedies before seeking relief under § 2241.”
Clark v. Allenwood, No. 16-3206, 2016 WL 6777323, at *1 (3d Cir.
Nov. 16, 2016) (citing Moscato v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 98
F.3d 757, 760 (3d Cir. 1996); Arias v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 648
F.2d 196, 199 (3d Cir. 1981)). Although Petitioner filed an
appeal with the National Appeals Board, he did not raise the
arguments set forth in his petition in his appeal. See Gervasoni
Cert. Exhibit 8. However, because Respondent did not assert
failure to exhaust as a defense and it is potentially futile to
require exhaustion at this point as Petitioner is scheduled to
be released on July 4, 2017, the Court will address the merits.
2 The record reflects Petitioner was awarded 211 days in D.C.
Education Credits, 1800 days in statutory good time credits, and
10 extra good time credits. Kelly Dec. Attachment G, Docket
Entry 9-18 at 1.
sentence. “[P]etitioner's sentence was not increased, but
rather, the Commission rescinded credit towards completion of
that sentence for time spent on parole, as required by D.C.
law.” Campbell v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 563 F. Supp. 2d 23, 25
(D.D.C. 2008). The BOP calculated the remaining 2021 days as
beginning on June 6, 2013 and ending on December 17, 2018. Kelly
Dec. ¶ 9. There is no support for Petitioner’s argument that his
PV sentence exceeded his initial sentence.
Moreover, the record clearly reflects that the statement
“[r]e-parole effective July 4, 2017 after the service of 169
months,” Gervasoni Cert. Exhibit 7, was not imposing a PV
sentence of 169 months, but instead was noting the total amount
of time Petitioner will have spent in custody upon his release
on July 4, 2017. Likewise, the Commission’s statement that “[a]s
of October 4, 2013, you have been in confinement as a result of
your violation behavior for a total of 124 months,” was not a
credit of 124 months towards Petitioner’s PV sentence. Id. The
reparole guideline range and the PV sentence are calculated
differently. “Time served on a new state or federal sentence
shall be counted as time in custody for reparole guideline
purposes. This does not affect the computation of the expiration
date of the violator term . . . .” 28 C.F.R. § 2.21(c)(emphasis
added); see also 28 C.F.R. § 2.81(a) (“[T]he Commission's
decision to grant or deny reparole on the parole violation term
shall be made by reference to the reparole guidelines at §
Due to his new conviction, Petitioner’s D.C. sentence
“stopped running upon his last release from federal confinement
on parole [and] start[ed] to run only upon release from the
confinement portion of the new sentence.” 28 C.F.R. §
2.47(e)(2). In other words, while Petitioner’s time in state
custody was properly used in calculating his reparole
guidelines, it did not count towards service of his D.C.
sentence. 28 C.F.R. § 2.47(e)(1)-(2). Service towards the D.C.
sentence ended on August 21, 2002 and did not resume until June
6, 2013. The Commission’s decision is supported by the record
and applicable law; therefore, Petitioner is not entitled to
relief on Ground One of his habeas petition.
B. Good Time Credits
Petitioner argues in Ground Two that he was denied 211 days
of education credits and that he is presently being incarcerated
past his sentence date. Amended Petition at 3; Traverse at 5-6.
Petitioner did not lose these credits. They were applied to
his initial period of incarceration and resulted in his
mandatory release on August 21, 2002. As he used these credits,
they are not applicable to his PV sentence. “[G]ood time credit
is ‘used up’ when a prisoner is released on parole and, thus,
has no effect on a prisoner's term of imprisonment in the event
of parole revocation.” Otto v. Warden, FCI-Allenwood, 209 F.
App'x 149, 152 (3d Cir. 2006), cert. denied sub nom Otto v.
Miner, 550 U.S. 949 (2007). “[O]nce an offender is conditionally
released from imprisonment, either by parole or mandatory
release, the good time earned during that period of imprisonment
is of no further effect either to shorten the period of
supervision or to shorten the period of imprisonment which the
offender may be required to serve for violation of parole or
mandatory release.” Coleman v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 644 F. App'x
159, 162 (3d Cir. 2016) (citing 28 C.F.R. § 2.35(b)). Only good
conduct credit earned after Petitioner’s return to BOP custody
may be applied to his PV sentence. D.C. Code § 24-406(a).3
Petitioner is not entitled to relief on this basis.
For the above stated reasons, the petition is denied. An
accompanying Order will be entered.
January 24, 2017
s/ Jerome B. Simandle
JEROME B. SIMANDLE
Chief U.S. District Judge
The BOP calculated that Petitioner would be entitled to 531
statutory good time credits based on his PV term. Kelly Dec. ¶¶
9-10; Kelly Dec. Attachment F, Docket Entry 9-17. He is
scheduled to be released on July 4, 2017 instead on December 17,
2108, meaning he will end up serving 1490 days of the 2021 days
remaining on his D.C. sentence.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?