LEAK v. COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY
OPINION AND ORDER granting 14 Motion for Attorney Fees. Signed by Judge Claire C. Cecchi on 11/17/17. (sr, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No.: 11-51 (CCC)
OPINION AND ORDER
COMMISSIONER Of SOCIAL SECURITY.
CECCHI, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court upon the Application and Motion of Barbara Leak
(“Plaintiff’) to award attorney’s fees for her Counsel, Abraham S. Alter, Esq. (“Plaintiffs
Counsel”) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). ECF No. 14. Defendant Commissioner of Social
Security (the “Commissioner”) opposes Plaintiffs Motion. ECF No. 18. No oral argument was
heard pursuant to Rule 78 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons set forth below,
Plaintiffs Motion is granted.
On March 19, 2012, this Court vacated, reversed, and remanded a decision by the
Commissioner that Plaintiff was not disabled. Plaintiffs Motion (“P1. Mot.”) ECF No. 14 at 1.
On remand, the Administrative Law Judge found Plaintiff was disabled as of March 1, 2004. Id.
On March 30, 2012, this Court awarded Plaintiffs Counsel $5,511.75 in attorney’s fees pursuant
to the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). ECF No. 13. On December
21, 2016, the Social Security Administration awarded Plaintiff $115,053.00 for past due benefits.
In relevant part, 42 U.S.C.
§ 406(b) provides:
Whenever a court renders a judgment favorable to a claimant under this title who
was represented before the court by an attorney, the court may determine and allow
as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of 25
percent of the total of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by
reason of such judgment.
The Commissioner “requests that the Court determine whether the amount sought is
excessive and represents a windfall given the 31.2 hours of work claimed for this case.”
Defendant’s Motion in Opposition (“Def. Mot.”) ECF No. 18 at 2.
Based on the award of $115,053.00 for Plaintiffs past due benefits, Plaintiffs Counsel
seeks $22,763.25, representing 25% of that award. See P1. Mot. at 2. Both Parties agree that
whenever EAJA fees are awarded in the same case as fees pursuant to 406(a), the smaller fee is to
be refunded. P1. Mot. at 5; Def. Mot. at 2 n.1; see also Williams v. Comm ‘r of Soc. Sec., 549 F.
Supp. 2d 613, 616 n.4 (D.N.J. 2008). Therefore, once Plaintiff has refunded the $5,511.75 in
attorney’s fees pursuant to EAJA, Plaintiffs fee would amount to $23,351.50. See ECF No. 19.
Given that Plaintiff worked 31.2 hours, the hourly rate awarded would be $745.24. See id.
Where, as here, there is a contingent-fee agreement between Plaintiff and her Counsel,
406(b) calls for court review of such arrangements as an independent check, to assure that they
yield reasonable results in particular cases.” Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 807 (2002).’
The Supreme Court explained that “[c]ourts... have appropriately reduced the attorney’s recovery
based on the character of the representation and the results the representative achieved,” and “[i]f
the benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case, a downward
adjustment is similarly in order.” Id. at 80$. When determining whether an amount is reasonable,
courts in the Third Circuit have considered the amount of time spent on the case, the result
achieved, the experience of counsel, the nature of contingent fees and the risk of non-recovery,
counsel’s typical hourly rate, the EAJA fee previously requested, and whether the attorney is
responsible for any unreasonable delays in the proceeding. See Anthony v. Comm ‘r of Soc. Sec.,
No. 11-00796-WJM, 2014 WL 4352191, at *2 (D.N.J. Sept. 2, 2014) (approving a fee of
$18,347.00 for 26 hours of work); Dixon v. Comm ‘r of Soc. Sec., No. 10-5703 RBK, 2013 WL
5299561, at *4 (D.N.J. Sept. 18, 2013) (reducing fee request for $11,287.50 to $5,643.75 when
plaintiffs counsel would have received $5,643.75 from EAJA fees, but failed to apply); Wilson v.
Astrue,622 F. Supp. 2d 132, 136 (D. Del. 200$) (approving a fee of $21,958.13 for 19 hours of
work); Perez v. Barnhart, No. 02-3779, 2006 WL 781899, at *3..4 (E.D. Pa. March 23, 2006)
(reducing a fee request of $20,563.50 for 17.2 hours of work to $13,932.00).
Here, the Commissioner does not identify any factor which persuades the Court against
awarding the full amount sought by Plaintiffs Counsel. Rather, the Court finds that based upon
the factors previously identified, a fee of $28,763.25 is reasonable in this case. Plaintiffs Counsel
has represented claimants before the Social Security Administration and in federal district courts
The Supreme Court noted that contingent-fee agreements are not enforceable to the extent they
yield fees exceeding 25 percent of the past-due benefits. Id. This exception is not applicable here,
as the amount sought by Plaintiff is within the 25 percent boundary.
for over thirty years. P1. Mot. at 3. Plaintiffs Counsel spent 31.2 hours on this case and Plaintiff
submitted an affidavit attesting to the fact that she was “satisfied with
the excellent results
obtained.” ECF No. 14-2. Next, the Court notes that a higher contingency fee is reasonable given
the risk of non-recovery if Plaintiffs claims were unsuccessful. See Anthony, 2014 WI 4352191,
at *2. Finally, although the rate requested in the instant matter is significantly higher than that
requested by Plaintiff pursuant to the EAJA ($176.66 per hour), the Court finds this does not
outweigh the previous factors in favor of awarding Plaintiff with the full amount requested.
For the reasons set forth above,
ORDERED that Plaintiffs motion for attorneys’ fees, ECF No. 14, is GRANTED; it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff is entitled to $28,763.25 in attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C.
§ 406(b); and it is further
ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall close this matter.
CLAIRE C. CECCHI, U.S.D.J.
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