THOMAS v. WARREN et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Jose L. Linares on 02/22/2017. (ek)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
ADONIS D. THOMAS,
Civil Action No. 12-2047 (JLL)
CHARLES WARREN, et al.,
LINARES, District Judge:
Currently before the Court is the motion of Adonis D. Thomas (“Petitioner”) brought
pursuant to federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) in which he challenges this Court’s denial of his
petition for a writ of habeas corpus. (ECF No. 71). Respondents have filed a response to the
motion (ECF No. 72), to which Petitioner has replied. (ECF No. 76). for the following reasons,
this Court will dismiss the motion without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction as the motion
represents a second or successive habeas petition brought without leave of the Court of Appeals.
Because this Court has already provided a full summary of the factual background of
Petitioner’s criminal prosecution in the opinion denying his petition for a writ of habeas corpus
(ECF No. 5$), only a brief recitation of the factual and procedural background is necessary for the
purposes of this opinion. In June 199$, Petitioner was convicted in New Jersey state court of
numerous charges including two counts of first degree murder and one count of first degree
attempted murder, resulting in his receiving a sentence of three consecutive terms of life
imprisonment. (Document 7 attached to ECF No. 13 at 1-2). Petitioner filed a direct appeal, and
the New Jersey Appellate Division affirmed his conviction in January 2001. (Id.). His petition
for certification was thereafter denied by the New Jersey Supreme Court. See State v. Thomas,
167 N.J. 637, 772 A.2d 939 (2001).
Petitioner thereafter filed a petition for post-conviction relief, which was ultimately denied.
(Document 6 attached to ECF No. 16). Following a limited remand for an evidentiary hearing,
the PCR court again denied Petitioner’s PCR petition, and the Appellate Division affirmed. (See
Documents 3, 8 attached to ECF No. 14).
The New Jersey Supreme Court thereafter denied
certification in November 2011. See State v. Thomas, 208 N.J. 599, 34 A.3d 781 (2011).
Petitioner initially filed his petition for a writ of habeas corpus in this Court on or about
April 2, 2012. (ECF No. 1). Following a dismissal of Petitioner’s petition without prejudice for
lack of exhaustion, Petitioner filed an amended petition in October 2013. (ECF No. 35). On
October 26, 2015, this Court denied Petitioner’s amended habeas petition on the merits. (ECF
Nos. 58, 59). Petitioner appealed, and the Third Circuit denied him a certificate of appealability
and dismissed his appeal on April 28, 2016 “for essentially the reasons set forth in [this Court’s]
opinion.” (ECF No. 70).
Seven months after the dismissal of his appeal, Petitioner filed his
current Rule 60(b) motion. (ECF No. 71).
In his motion, Petitioner requests that this Court
reconsider the denial of his Brady claim in light of two cases decided after this Court denied his
habeas petition that Petitioner contends now entitle him to relief— Dennis v. Secretaiy, 834 F.3d
263 (3d Cir. 2016), and Weariy v. Cain, 136 S. Ct. 1002 (2016).
In his motion, Petitioner seeks relief from this Court’s judgment denying his habeas
petition pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b). “Rule 60(b) allows a party to seek
relief from a final judgment, and request reopening of his case, under a limited set of circumstances
including fraud, mistake, and newly discovered evidence.” Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524,
52$ (2005). Because Petitioner does not raise any of the grounds for relief enumerated under
sections one through five of Rule 60(b), his motion can only arise under Rule 60(b)(6). Rule
60(b)(6) is a mechanism that provides an opportunity for “extraordinary relief and may only be
invoked upon a showing of exceptional circumstances.” Baiter v. United States, 410 F. App’x
428,430 (3d Cir. 2010) (quoting Colteclndus., Inc. v. Hobgood, 280 F.3d 262,273 (3d Cir. 2002)).
A motion under the rule may therefore not be based merely on a rehashing of the arguments
presented prior to the original entry ofjudgment. Id.
In the habeas context, however, there are additional limitations on Rule 60(b) motions that
arise out of the restrictions the habeas statute places on second or successive habeas petitions. See
Gonzalez, 545 U.S. at 530. As the Court explained in Gonzalez, the habeas statute does not pennit
Petitioners to file second or successive habeas petitions without leave of the Court of Appeals. Id.
(citing 2$ U.S.C.
§ 2244). Thus, a Rule 60(b) motion in a habeas proceeding is only proper where
that motion does not, in fact, represent a second or successive habeas application. Id. A Rule
60(b) petition is in fact a second or successive habeas petition where it presents a new claim for
relief rather than challenge some procedural defect in the original judgment. Id.
the Supreme Court has provided for what constitutes a new claim for relief is a motion in which a
Petitioner asserts “that a subsequent change in substantive law is a reason justifying relief.
the previous denial of a claim.” Id. at 531. Where such a claim is presented in a Rule 60(b)
motion, that motion is a second or successive habeas petition and must be dismissed for lack of
jurisdiction where the Petitioner has not secured leave to raise that claim from the Court of
In this matter, Petitioner asserts only one basis for relief from this Court’s prior judgment
on the merits
his assertion that Weariy and Dennis, cases decided after that judgment, have
altered the proper application of the Brady nile such that he should now be entitled to relief. His
Rule 60(b) motion therefore is exactly the sort of claim that the Supreme Court has stated is in
actuality a second or successive habeas petition over which this Court lacks jurisdiction absent
prior authorization from the Court of Appeals. Id. at 530-31. Because Petitioner’s motion seeks
to assert a new claim for relief, his motion is in fact a second or successive habeas petition. Id.
As Petitioner has provided no evidence that he has been granted leave to file a second or successive
petition by the Court of Appeals, this Court therefore lacks jurisdiction over Petitioner’s motion,
and must dismiss the motion without prejudice as a second petition brought without leave. Id.;
see also 28 U.S.C.
Even if this Court did have jurisdiction over Petitioner’s Rule 60(b) motion, his assertion that
Weariy and Dennis have in any way changed the substantive law applicable to Brady claims is
without merit. Those cases did not alter the application of Brady. In addition, the holdings in
those cases do not in any way change the fact that the State in this matter did not possess the
information Petitioner asserts he was denied, and no Brady violation can be said to have occurred
in Petitioner’s case as a result. See Weany, 136 S. Ct. at 1005-06 (reversing a conviction where
the state court’s decision “r[a]n up against settled constitutional principles” as set forth in Brady);
Dennis, $34 f.3d at 284-313 (applying Brady and its progeny without changing the substantive
law as to Brady claims); (see also ECF No. 58 at 3 1-34). Thus, even if this Court did have
jurisdiction to hear Petitioner’s Rule 60(5) motion, that motion would have to be denied as
meritless, because Petitioner has failed to set forth any exceptional circumstances warranting relief
and instead merely attempts to rehash his Brady claim via Weany and Dennis. Balter, 410 F.
App’x at 430.
For the reasons stated above, Petitioner’s Rule 60(b) motion is DISMISSED WITHOUT
PREJUDICE as an improper second habeas petition brought without leave of the Court of Appeals.
An appropriate order follows.
Ho%”Jose L. Linares,
1i1ted States District Judge
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