LEHMANN v. NORTHERN STATE PRISON et al
OPINION fld. Signed by Judge Stanley R. Chesler on 7/7/14. (sr, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
FRED S. LEHMANN,
Civil Action No. 13-3790 (SRC)
NORTHERN STATE PRISON, et al.,
MILTON WHITLOCK and
FRED S. LEHMANN,
Civil Action No. 13-5130 (SRC)
NJDOC, et al.,
APPLIES TO BOTH ACTIONS
CHESLER, District Judge:
On June 19, 2013, Plaintiff Fred S. Lehmann (“Lehmann”) submitted a civil complaint
accompanied by his affidavit of poverty but not his six-month prison account statement; that
submission gave rise to Lehmann v. Northern State Prison, Civil Action No. 13-3790 (SRC). 1
Lehmann was confined during the periods from May 2006 to October 2007, January to August
2010, and April 2011 to November 2013. See Lehmann v. Atlantic County Prosecutors Office,
Civil Action No. 07-4837; https://www6.state.nj.us/DOC_Inmate/details?x=1352864&n=0.
During these periods, he commenced eleven civil actions (including the two actions at bar). See
Lehmann v. Atlantic County Prosecutors Office, Civil Action No. 07-5263; Lehmann v. New
Jersey Dep’t of Corr., Civil Action No. 07-5964; Lehmann v. Knitock Group, Civil Action No.
11-3783; Lehmann v. New Jersey Dep’t of Corr., Civil Action No. 11-7605; Lehmann v.
Southern State Corr. Facility, Civil Action No. 12-2956; Lehmann v. New Jersey Dep’t of Corr.,
Civil Action No. 12-4433; Lehmann v. New Jersey Dep’t of Corr., Civil Action No. 13-3782;
The Lehmann complaint named the New Jersey Department of Corrections and Northern State
Prison as Defendants, indicated Lehmann’s intent to commence a class action and alleged that
his rights were violated by not being paid $15 while in administrative segregation. See id., ECF
No. 1, at 4. Six weeks later, Lehmann submitted another civil complaint. It arrived, again,
accompanied by his affidavit of poverty but not his prison account statement, and had the name
and SBI number of Milton Whitlock (“Whitlock”) written in the caption above Lehmann’s name.
See Whitlock v. Northern State Prison, Civil Action No. 13-5130, ECF No. 1, at 1. The
Whitlock complaint analogously named the New Jersey Department of Corrections and Northern
State Prison as Defendants, indicated Lehmann’s intent to commence a class action and alleged
that his rights were violated by not being paid $15 while in segregation. 2 See id. ECF No. 1, at
In light of Lehmann’s failure to provide this Court with his six-month account statement
– regardless of being informed of that requirement nine times (in Lehmann’s nine previous cases)
– this Court will deny Lehmann in forma pauperis status. Moreover, in light of Lehmann’s
release from confinement and his failure to inform of his change in address, such denial will be
Lehmann v. Southern State Corr. Facility, Civil Action No. 13-4921. In all these actions, he
submitted his affidavit of poverty without his prison account statement and, being denied in
forma pauperis status, abandoned his litigation. Lehmann was released from his latest custody
on November 2, 2013, see https://www6.state.nj.us/DOC_Inmate/details?x=1352864&n=0, but
did not notify this Court and about his change in address. See L. Civ. R. 10.1(a) (“unrepresented
parties must advise the Court of any change in their . . . address within seven days of being
apprised of such change by filing a notice of said change . . . [f]ailure to file a notice of address
change may result in the imposition of sanctions by the Court”).
Lehmann also asserted that he was denied bottled water, found the prison cells “disgusting,”
was displeased with the lack of “private” cells free of cell-mates, and that the recreational
activities allowed to the segregated inmates were, in Lehmann’s opinion, insufficient.
In conjunction with the foregoing, Lehmann’s application for class certification
will be denied as moot and, in addition, for failure to meet the requirements of Rule 23 in light of
Lehmann’s personal/unique claims based on his own preferences as to prison accommodations.
In light of the absence of Whitlock’s affidavit of poverty and account statement, and
because the content of the Whitlock complaint does not allow this Court to determine with any
degree of certainty Whitlock’s voluntary involvement in the Whitlock matter, Whitlock’s
application for in forma pauperis status, if such was intended, will analogously be denied. 4
See McLaren v. N.J. State Dep’t of Educ., 462 F. App’x 148, 149 (3d Cir. 2012) (the court
may sanction a litigant “when [that] litigant's conduct makes adjudication impossible” and
dismissal for failure to provide an accurate address is appropriate because the district court “had
little choice as to how to proceed” and “an order imposing [lesser] sanctions would only find
itself taking a round trip tour through the United States mail”) (quoting Carey v. King, 856 F.2d
1439, 1441 (9th Cir. 1988)); Kitchen v. Essex County Corr. Facility, No. 12-2199, 2013 U.S.
Dist. LEXIS 101397 (D.N.J. July 18, 2013) (the range of sanctions includes both administrative
termination and conclusive closure).
Such denial will be without prejudice to seeking in forma pauperis status in a civil action, if
any, Whitlock commences on his own. The Court, however, notes that the Department of
Corrections and prison are not “persons” for the purposes of a Section 1983 suit and, thus, cannot
qualify as defendants. Also, an inmate has no constitutional right to bottled water: he may
recover only if he produces evidence that the prison water presented a substantial risk of harm to
his health, and defendants were deliberately indifferent to his health or safety. See, e.g., Wolfe
v. Christie, No. 10-2083, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 88655, at *16 (D.N.J. June 25, 2013) (citing
Crocamo v. Hudson County Correctional Center, No. 06-1441, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 28857
(D.N.J. April 19, 2007), for the observation that allegations of an inmate’s skin becoming dry, or
an inmate developed a rash or “minor skin infections,” are insufficient). A denial of recreation
amounts to a constitutional deprivation only if the inmate states facts showing that said denial
was such that it caused an injury to the inmate’s ability to control his muscular functions or to
maintain his range of physical motions. See Cary v. Rose, 902 F.2d 37 (7th Cir. 1990) (where
the inmates alleged that they were denied adequate recreation but admitted that they had room in
their cells and in the hallway to run in place or perform calisthenics, their allegations could not
amount to a constitutional claim because, unless extreme and prolonged, lack of exercise could
not be equated to a medically-threatening situation); Ellis v. Crowe, No. 09-3061, 2009 U.S.
Dist. LEXIS 125154, at *36 (E.D. La. Dec. 18, 2009) (denial of recreation claim should be
dismissed if the facts the inmate alleges do not show that he was so deprived of recreation that he
suffered a physical injury, such as muscle atrophy). Finally, a claim that an inmate’s state pay
was not credited to his institutional account is barred by the New Jersey Tort Claims Act, N.J.
Stat. Ann. §§ 59:1-1 et seq. (2001), since the right to such action provides all the process due.
An appropriate Order follows.
__/s Stanley R. Chesler________
STANLEY R. CHESLER
United States District Judge
Dated: July 7, 2014
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