CRESCI et al v. AQUINO et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER denying 69 Motion for Entry of Default; denying 71 Motion to Strike; that Hudson County's "cross-motion" to dismiss (ECF no. 67) is deemed to be an ordinary motion. The plaintiff may file a response on the merits within 10 days, and any reply shall be filed within 7 days thereafter.. Signed by Judge Kevin McNulty on 9/19/2017. (ld, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
PETER J. CRESCI, et al.,
Civ. No. 13-4695 (KM) (JBC)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND
JOARRIE AQUINO, Individually,
MICHAEL A. SIGNORILE, JR.,
Individually, COUNTY OF HUDSON;
and John Does 1-4,
KEVIN MCNULTY, U.S.D.J.:
On June 7, 2017, defendants Aquino and Signorile filed a Rule
12(b)(6) motion (ECF no. 65) to dismiss the amended complaint. On June 16,
2017, defendant Hudson County filed a “cross-motion to dismiss pursuant to
Rule 12(b)(6)” (ECF no. 67), essentially joining in with the motion of Aquino and
Signorile. Now before the Court are the following two motions brought by
plaintiff Peter Cresci:
(a) motion (ECF no. 71) to strike Hudson County’s cross-motion to
(b) motion (ECF no. 69) for entry of default against Hudson County.
For the reasons expressed herein, both of Cresci’s motions are denied.
At the root of both motions is Hudson County’s insistence on the
terminology “cross-motion.” As I informed Hudson County in an earlier Opinion
(ECF no. 60), a defendant who files a motion to dismiss in the wake of a similar
motion by its co-defendants is not thereby making a “cross-motion.” It is
making its own motion to dismiss, or joining in that of its co-defendant. See
generally Loc. Civ. R. 7.1(h) (defining cross-motion as one brought by the
opponent of the original motion, related in subject matter and noticed for the
Cresci makes a great deal of this minor procedural point. A crossmotion, he says, is not a recognized “pleading under Fed. R. Civ. p. 7(a).” It
must be struck, and, that being the case, Hudson County is in default.
I disagree. The nature of Hudson County’s motion is perfectly clear. It
is explicitly brought under Rule l2(b)(6), Fed. R. Civ. P., and the relief it seeks
is dismissal of the Amended Complaint. For the most part, it simply
incorporates the arguments of the motion of Aquino and Signorile for the same
relief. The Federal Rules are to be “construed, administered, and employed by
the court and the parties to secure the just, speedy, and inexpensive
determination of every action and proceeding.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 1. The object is to
get to the merits. We are, or should be, beyond the pettifogging of the commonlaw pleading era.
Cresci adds that Hudson County’s response to his Amended
Complaint is in any event late. The Amended Complaint (electronically filed
under the title “Amended Document”) was filed on May 10, 2017. The ordinary
time to respond is 21 days. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(a)(1). Hudson County’s
“cross-motion,” however, was not filed until June 16, 2017. An actual crossmotion—which this was not—would have been timely on that date.’ Hudson
County’s motion, in reality, was some 16 days late. (I note in passing that an
automatic Clerk’s extension of 14 days would have been available for the
asking. See Loc. Civ. R. 6(b).)
Hudson County has appeared and participated in the case. No
prejudice has been shown. I will excuse the lateness of the filing, which was a
If it had been an actual cross-motion, Hudson County would have been
required to file it with its opposing papers, at least ten days after the original motion of
Aquino and Signorile was filed. See Loc. Civ. I?. 7.1(d)(2) & (h) (usual “24-14-7” day
rule for motion, response, and reply). Hudson County’s motion was filed within 10
days alter Aquino and Signorile filed their motion to dismiss on June 7, 2017. This
may have been the source of Hudson County’s confusion as to the deadline.
matter of just over two weeks, and was occasioned by an obvious procedural
For the reasons set forth above,
IT IS this 19th day of September, 2017
ORDERED as follows:
1. The plaintiffs motion to strike (ECF no. 71) is DENIED.
2. The plaintiff’s motion for entry of default (ECF no. 69) is DENIED.
3. Hudson County’s “cross-motion” to dismiss (ECF no. 67) is deemed
to be an ordinary motion. The plaintiff may file a response on the merits within
10 days,2 and any reply shall be filed within 7 days thereafter.
United States District Judg
Plaintiffs “motion to strike” Hudson County’s motion did not automatically
exempt him from responding to it, nor did it grant him an automatic extension of time
to do so. I set this schedule in order to facilitate the forward movement of the case and
a decision on the merits.
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